English literature


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English literature

  1. 1. England Flag
  2. 2. Date Used: from 1801 until present Use:De jure flag of the United Kingdom, used by HM Government in England Description: Amalgamation of St. George's Cross, St. Andrew's Saltire and St. Patrick's Saltire.
  3. 3. Language: English language in England, (English English , Anglo-English, and English in England) Sport: football, cricket, rugby.
  4. 4. Religion:
  5. 5. • The highest temperature ever recorded in England was 38.5°C (101.3°F ) in Brogdale, Kent, on 10 August 2003. • Among the three ghosts said to haunt Athelhampton House, one of them is an ape. • English people have the highest obesity rate in the European Union (22.3% of men and 23% of women). They also have the highest percentage of overweight women (33.6%) and the 6th highest for men (43.9%).
  6. 6. • French was the official language of England for about 300 years, from 1066 till 1362. • The English class system is not determined by money, but by one's background (family, education, manners, way of speaking...). Many nouveau-riches, like pop-stars or football players, insist on their still belonging to the lower or middle class.
  7. 7. • The City of London is the historical core of the English capital. It roughly matches the boundaries the Roman city of Londinium and of medieval London. • London Heathrow Airport is the world's busiest airports by international passenger traffic, and the third for total traffic.
  8. 8. • Public schools in England are in fact very exclusive and expensive (£13,500/year in average) private schools. Ordinary schools (which are free), are called state schools. • The Museum of London, which retraces the history of London from Prehistoric times to the present day, is the largest urban history museum in the world.
  9. 9. William Shakespeare • - was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".
  10. 10. John Milton • - was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.
  11. 11. Jonathan Swift • - was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric. • He is remembered for works such as Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal.
  12. 12. Charles John Huffam Dickens • - was an English writer and social critic. Regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian. His notable works are: The Pickwick Papers Oliver Twist ,A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, Bleak House,Hard Times, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations.
  13. 13. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien • - was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
  14. 14. Classical Period • Chaotic period of warrior- princess, wandering sea traders, fierce pirates. • Golden Age of Greece • Roman Imperial Period • Early Christian writings; Christianity spreads across Europe.
  15. 15. Renaissance Period • End of The War of the Roses • Elizabethan Period • Jacobean Period • Caroline Period
  16. 16. Medieval Period • Anglo-Saxon(Old English) Period • Dark Ages • Early Old English poems such as Beowulf, The Wanderer and The Seafarer originate sometime in the Anglo-Saxon Period. • Carolingian Renaissance • Middle English
  17. 17. • Famous writers during this time: William Shakespeare, John Milton, George Herbert, Sir Thomas Browne
  18. 18. Neoclassical Period • Enlightenment Period • Dominance of French and Classical influences • Augustan Age: imitation of Virgil and Horace’s literature • Writers during this time: Addison, Steele, Swift, Alexander Pope
  19. 19. Romantic Period • Nature, imagination and individuality • Emergence of Gothic writings (horror novels) • Famous writer of this time: Coleridge, Blake, Radcliffe, Monk Lewis.
  20. 20. Victorian Period • Sentimental novels • Queen Victoria’s reign • Famous writers: Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Browning, Alfred Lord Tennyson
  21. 21. Modern Period • Realism • Disillusionment with the World Wars • Famous writers: W.B.Yeats, Seamus Heaney, Dylan Thomas, Wilfred Owen
  22. 22. Beowulf • - The protagonist of the epic, Beowulf is a Geatish hero who fights the monster Grendel, Grendel’s mother, and a fire-breathing dragon. Beowulf’s boasts and encounters reveal him to be the strongest, ablest warrior around. In his youth, he personifies all of the best values of the heroic culture. In his old age, he proves a wise and effective ruler.
  23. 23. King Hrothgar• - The king of the Danes. Hrothgar enjoys military success and prosperity until Grendel terrorizes his realm. A wise and aged ruler, Hrothgar represents a different kind of leadership from that exhibited by the youthful warrior Beowulf. He is a father figure to Beowulf and a model for the kind of king that Beowulf becomes.
  24. 24. Grendel • - A demon descended from Cain, Grendel preys on Hrothgar’s warriors in the king’s mead- hall, Heorot. Because his ruthless and miserable existence is part of the retribution exacted by God for Cain’s murder of Abel, Grendel fits solidly within the ethos of vengeance that governs the world of the poem.
  25. 25. Grendel’s mother • - An unnamed swamp- hag, Grendel’s mother seems to possess fewer human qualities than Grendel, although her terrorization of Heorot is explained by her desire for vengeance— a human motivation.
  26. 26. The dragon • - An ancient, powerful serpent, the dragon guards a horde of treasure in a hidden mound. Beowulf’s fight with the dragon constitutes the third and final part of the epic.
  27. 27. Our story begins in the kingdom of the Danes of a land named Denmark. It was a peaceful place of prosperity and comfort until a great demon named Grendel arose. Grendel was a terrifying monster that attacked and killed countless Dane people causing great sorrow and despair within the hearts of many for several years.
  28. 28. • Then came a very interesting man from a faraway land. A man whose very appearance proved that of a warrior. He was tall, muscular, confident, handsome. He was Beowulf. • Beowulf heard the plea of the Dane king and accepted the challenge of defeating the great demon Grendel as Beowulf had never faced defeat…
  29. 29. • The king of Dane then decides to celebrate by having a party in honor of Beowulf. Great amounts of food and drink are shared among the party along with plenty of laughs and tales of Beowulfs’ previous accomplishments. The people continued to celebrate deep into the night until suddenly a great figure appeared from out of the darkness. Grendel had been awakened…
  30. 30. • Grendel had done Beowulf a great favor, as Grendel came to him. Beowulf accepted the challenge and fought the great demon bare handed! Beowulf and Grendel both displayed great strength and endurance as they battled to the death. Although both were admirable foes, only one could win. Grendel possessed something Beowulf did not….fear. This gave Beowulf the advantage
  31. 31. • After an energetic battle of strength and cunning, Beowulf was the victor. Although Grendel was not yet dead and Beowulf was not yet finished. Beowulf then rips one of Grendels’ arms right off his body and holds it high for all to see. Grendel manages to escape alive but mortally wounded. Grendel returns to his swamp and spends his last moments within the comfort of his mother…
  32. 32. • Few knew that Grendel had a mother and those that did were most likely dead! The main theme then changes from Beowulfs’ heroics to the mothers’ revenge. Grendels’ mother later kills Aeschere, one of the Kings best men/personal aids, out of revenge for her sons’ death and returns to her swamp soon after. A small group of men and Beowulf later travel to the swamp on a quest to avenge the murder of Aeschere…
  33. 33. • Beowulf finds the swamp where Grendels’ mother lies in wait. He dives into the murky water down to the very bottom where he discovers the underwater lair of Grendels’ mother. After a great attempt of seduction, the mother charges at Beowulf and engages him in another great battle of man versus demon. After much sweat and bloodshed, Beowulf stands victorious as he cuts down Grendels’ mother with a Sword forged for giants!
  34. 34. • The battle is over, but the story has just begun. Amongst the underwater lair, Beowulf discovers Grendels’ corpse and cuts off his head as a trophy for the king of Dane. The people of Dane are overjoyed as the terrifying monsters have been slain and peace has been restored to their land all thanks to Beowulf. Beowulf then leaves Dane and sails back home to his kingdom of Geat….
  35. 35. • Upon returning to Geat, Beowulf is appointed king of Geat and becomes a great ruler for over fifty years. Then, one day a thief disturbs an old tomb of treasure that is guarded by a ferocious dragon. The dragon is awakened and begins wreaking havoc upon the people of Geat. Many attempt to kill the dragon but none prevail as there is but one man who could defeat such a terrifying beast. His name is Beowulf...
  36. 36. • Yet Beowulf is no longer the young man he was in Denmark as fifty years have passed and Beowulf has become an old man. Yet, his strength and courage have not left him as he and his companion Wiglaf set off to the dragons lair in an attempt to bring peace back to their land.
  37. 37. • Beowulf and Wiglaf confront the Dragon in what is to be the most difficult and rigorous battle of their lives. After many futile attempts, Beowulf finally manages to penetrate the strong scaly skin of the dragon. His blade cuts deep but at a great price as Beowulf has been bitten and the dragons venom begins to spread…
  38. 38. • Beowulf begun to feel the poison spread through his body and ever closer to his heart. He sits down by a river with his companion Wiglaf and speaks to him his dying words. He asks that his people remember him and his successful reign with the construction of a burial mound overlooking the sea. The last words of Beowulf are as followed, “You are the last of our family Wiglaf. All the others fell when fate decided they must. Now I must follow them…” The End
  39. 39. Credits to the plot text owner, thank you very much sir/ma’am. I have forgot where I got your text so I failed to acknowledge you here, if you can read this, just contact me so that I can give you the credits of owning the text I used in the plot, I’m sorry for using this without your permission.