Usher in-clean-India


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Usher in-clean-India

  1. 1. Usher in good ethics in public life of our India Challenges to enact and enforce Compliance of Indian Anti-corruption Laws
  2. 2. Remember our CONSTITUTION?"WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constituteIndia into a SOVEREIGNDEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, and to secure to all itscitizens :JUSTICE, social, economic and political;LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among themall;FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity ofthe Nation:IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLYthis twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT ANDGIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.― 2
  3. 3. In the Republic of India there is a widely shared desire in the country toconsolidate the gains made now as also to assess our future.• Undoubtedly, the people of the country and the managers of society can be congratulated on many counts for Indias achievements,• (i) self-sufficiency (in fact surplus generation) in food-grains,• (ii) a strong industrial base,• (iii) a rising expectancy of life,• (iv) a higher percentage of literacy,• (v) a united and better integrated India and• (vi) a growing recognition by the world of our capabilities and potential. 3
  4. 4. On the negative side, one can‘t ignore thenagging problems of• unemployment, illiteracy and poverty,• accentuated by an ever increasing population.Also, a low per capita income, inadequateinfrastructure, feudalistic tendencies and worst ofall a pathetic contempt of rule of law and ethics inpublic life.Finally, an administration which is perceived asself seeking and citizen unfriendly. 4
  5. 5. • The Transparency International (TI) Corruption Perception Index (CPI), ranks countries in terms of the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. It is a composite index derived from 15 different polls and surveys from 9 independent institutions carried out among business people and country analysts.• CPI defines corruption as the abuse of public office for private gains. The index provides an annual snap shot of the views of business people and analysts like bribing of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement or embezzlement of public funds. 5
  6. 6. • Of the 102 countries surveyed in 2002, seventy countries – including many of the world‘s most poverty stricken – score less than five out of a clean score of ten.• Corruption is perceived to be rampant in Indonesia, Kenya, Angola, Nigeria, and Bangladesh, countries with a score of less than two.• Countries with a score of higher than 9, with very low levels of perceived corruption, are rich countries, namely, Finland, Denmark, New Zealand, Singapore, and Sweden. 6
  7. 7. • There is nothing to be proud of Indias ranking in the Transparency Internationals Corruption Perception Index 2009.• The country ranked low also in the Bribe Payers Index among emerging economic giants.• The use of public funds for private gain is common.• The misuse of power, position and privilege is widespread.• Corruption seems to be a fact that affects all sections of society 7
  8. 8.  Corruption is defined as the use of public office for private gains Scales of corruption can be Grand, Middling or Petty and payment of bribes can be due to collusion between the bribe taker and the bribe giver, due to coercion or even anticipatory. Easy solution to personal issue. Existence of corruption implies that there are corrupt people, there are also corrupt practices, and there is a corrupt system. Therefore, all the three have to be fought simultaneously to eliminate the vice of corruption.TYPOLOGY OF CORRUPTION 8
  9. 9.  As a recent editorial in a leading newspaper observed: Corruption in public life is one of the most daunting issues facing the country. Edmund Burke: All that is necessary for the forces of evil to triumph in the world is for enough good men to do nothing. Aberrations in public life in India 9
  10. 10.  Corruption will be out one day. The public can, as its right and duty, in very case of justifiable suspicion, call its servants to strict account, dismiss them, sue them in a law court or appoint an arbitrator or inspector to scrutinize their conduct, as it likes. Mahatma Gandhi: (60 years ago) 10
  11. 11. India will go on … Are you aware corruptionaccentuates poverty, aggravates economic disparity,thwarts development, undermines democracy and isa threat to national security and, destroys the moralfibre of the Nation? No, corruption will NOT destroyIndia. Why Not? Because, much of India functions,oiled by corruption. It damages India, for sure. Butjust as the average Indian has more of a naturalimmunity to TB, Asthma, Dengue, Malaria,Conjunctivitis, Delhi-Belly and other gastro virusesand bacteria, than other peoples, Indians havefound ways of continuing to work around thiscorrupt system. 11
  12. 12. • As we look ahead to the next 10 to 15 years, what is it that we can hope for on the corruption front?• It is very easy to be pessimistic. The pessimist can always argue that corruption has always been with us like the poor and it is a global phenomenon.• Nevertheless, the fact is that while corruption is a global phenomenon, we have seen countries which were corrupt, reforming themselves and getting the benefits of corruption-free, good governance in our own lifetime. Singapore is a classic example. 12
  13. 13. Corruption is a threat to democracy and economicdevelopment in many societies. It arises in the wayspeople pursue, use and exchange wealth andpower, and in the strength or weakness of the state,political and social institutions that sustain and restrainthose processes. PEOPLES’ PERSPECTIVE Indians think ( some even hope) that corruption cannot be eliminated in India – at least not in their lifetime. This pessimistic and cynical perception of the people is largely an outcome of confusing corruption with all kinds of illegal actions and activities by individuals.
  14. 14. Most illegal actions, many of which are private actions, areconfused with corruption.The Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 and Indian Penal Codeclearly distinguishes between corruption indulged by publicservants for private gains and illegal actions by individuals.There are separate Acts in India for dealing with differentkinds of illegal actions of private individuals. For example, ifa public servant amasses wealth disproportionate to hisknown sources of income then he can be tried underPrevention of Corruption Act 1988.However, if a business-person amasses wealthdisproportionate to his known source of income he will bedealt under Income Tax Act for concealing his income andnot under Prevention of Corruption Act. 14
  15. 15. The Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 and IndianPenal Code _ clearly distinguishes betweencorruption indulged by public servants for privategains and illegal actions by individuals.Recent aberrations in India Corruption has been defined by the World Bank as the ‗use of public office for private profit.‘ In our country, there are five major players on the corruption scene, interdependent, strengthening and supportive of the vicious cycle. They are the neta, the corrupt politician; the babu, the corrupt bureaucrat; the lala, the corrupting businessman; the jhola, the corrupt NGO; and the dada, the criminal of the underworld !
  16. 16. September 2000: Former President Rao was convicted ofcriminal conspiracy and corruption in the 1993 vote buyingscandal and became the first Indian Prime Minister to beconvicted in a criminal case. He was acquitted on appeal,however, in March 2002.March 2001: Following the release by an Indian news websiteof a videotape showing 31 politicians, high level officials,bureaucrats and army officials taking bribes, the DefenceMinister and leaders of the ruling BJP party were forced toresign. Four defence ministry officials were also suspended.September 2005: Railway Minister Laloo Prasad Yadav wascharged with misappropriating state funds in the long running―fodder scam‖. He and Bihar Chief Minister were charged withembezzling over US$ 40 million in state funds intended for thepurchase of animal fodder. In total, 170 persons were chargedin connection with this scandal. 16
  17. 17. In January 2006: A reporter in Assam writing articles accusinglocal forestry service officials of having links to timbersmuggling was murdered.In March 2006: The BJP alleged corruption in a militarycontract to buy six submarines from two French companies,claiming that the government overpaid by approximately US$113 million and used the excess to pay middle men thathelped secure the deal.In January 2009: Satyam Computer Services Ltd was barredby the World Bank from bidding for contracts for eight yearsand top officials were arrested after a major financial fraudover several years was disclosed.In 2010: Telecom Minister Andimuthu Raja allegedly riggedthe sale of 2G telecoms licenses for lower prices to thecompanies he favored. 17
  18. 18. In 2010: Suresh Kalmadi, the organising committee chief ofCommonwealth Games in Delhi, also quit his post in theCongress party.In 2010: The chief minister of Maharashtra resigned over hisalleged role in a scam involving homes for war widows. He wasordered by the ruling Congress party to resign while the matterwas investigated. Mr. Chavans relatives, army officers andbureaucrats are among those who allegedly acquiredapartments. An other housing loan scam involving state-ownedinstitutions and a private and listed Mumbai-headquarteredcompany Money Matters Financial Services Ltd has beenexposed. This has put independent directors under a cloud Atleast three of the four independent directors in Money Matters,whose CMD and two senior executives were arrested by theCentral Bureau of Investigation (CBI), are ex-bankers /chairpersons of financial institutions. 18
  19. 19. In fact, R N Bhardwaj, non-executive independentdirector on the board of Money Matters was thechairman of LIC and LIC Housing Finance for more than ayear till May 2005. He has served in LIC since 1968 tillhis retirement in 2005. Money Matters, the CBI hasalleged, bribed senior officials in LIC and LIC HousingFinance while mediating and facilitating loans forbuilders and corporates from these institutions. Amongthose arrested include the chief executive of LIC HousingFinance. The other two are the former chairman andmanaging director of state-owned Allahabad Bank and aformer CEO and chairman of state-owned financialinstitution IFCI Ltd. 19
  20. 20. Given their understanding and clout in the financialservices sector, experts wondered if they took their roleof independent directors seriously and asked the rightquestions. The fourth non-executive independentdirector in Money Matters is Sanjiv Kapoor, a charteredaccountant, who has audited the books of the state-owned insurer LIC.Who will investigate these allegations?• Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)• Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)• Comptroller and Auditor General (C & AG) What is the role of proposed Lokpal? 20
  21. 21. • The present system provides for taking on the corrupt persons through a legal mechanism, which has not been found to be very effective.• Many corrupt practices fall outside the purview of existing laws and need to be tackled by people themselves.• The responsibility for dealing with corrupt people, corrupt practices and corrupt systems devolves equally on individuals, civil society institutions, legislature, executive, and the judiciary. 21
  22. 22.  India is one of the most regulated economies of the world with powers concentrated in few hands. It is a poor country with scarce resources where demand is always more than supply. The receivers of the public services are largely poor, ignorant, and illiterate. There is also absence of transparency and accountability of the public servants. There is no system of rewards and punishments for the public servants.CORRUPTION IN INDIA: A scenario-1 22
  23. 23.  There was also no right to information. The license- permit-quota-inspector regime was pervasive in India since independence and continues under a different nomenclature even after liberalization and globalization of 1991. In addition, there are 3000 central statutes and 10 times as many state statutes plus subsidiary and administrative laws (most of them archaic), with several exemption clauses and discretionary powers sans accountability. All these conditions were fertile breeding grounds of corruptionCORRUPTION IN INDIA: A scenario-2 23
  24. 24.  The growth of civil society networks engaged in anti- corruption work has played a useful role. The last decade has seen the rise of NGOs involved in a broad range of anti-corruption activity at the village, city, regional and national levels. These organisations are active on many fronts and are increasingly networking and provide useful role models for anti-corruption campaigners throughout the country. The rise of civil / judicial activism has been accompanied by demands for greater transparency in public life. Electronic media with ‗Crime news‘ plays an active role now 24X7.Good Governance Agenda 24
  25. 25. Success OF INDIAN CEOs IN SOME OF THE FAMOUS Multi-National COMPANIES / institutions1.Indra Nooyi- Pepsico2.Amarthya Sen - Economic laureate3.Ajay Banka- City Bank4.Arun Sarin - Vodafone5.MS Banga -Unilever6.C K Prahladh - University of Michigan7.Raghuram Rajan - International Monetary Fund8. Padmasree Warier- Motorola9.Jagadessh Bhagawati - Colombia University10.Vyonesh Joshal - Hewlet Packard11. Deutsche bank(German Company) – Mr. Anshu Jain as CEO. 25
  26. 26. 1556 - 1605 A.D. An example from history: AKBAR, EMPEROR OF INDIA 26
  27. 27.  Akbar "the Great," who governed India for half a century (1556-1605) and by a wise, gentle and just reign brought about a season of prosperity. This man, whose memory even to-day is revered by the Hindus, was named Abul Fath Jelâleddin Muhammed. And truly he justified the epithet, for great, fabulously great, was Akbar as man, general, statesman and ruler. AKBAR, EMPEROR OF INDIA-1 27
  28. 28.  Akbar succeeded in establishing order, peace, and prosperity in his regained and newly subjugated provinces. This he brought about by the introduction of a model administration, an excellent police, a regulated post service, and especially a just division of taxes. Up to Akbars time corruption had been a matter of course in the entire official service and enormous sums in the treasury were lost by peculation on the part of tax collectors. AKBAR, EMPEROR OF INDIA-2 28
  29. 29. • AKBAR, EMPEROR OF INDIA - 3• The corruption in the finance and customs department was abolished by means of a complicated and punctilious system of supervision (the bureaus of receipts and expenditures were kept entirely separated from each other in the treasury department).• Akbar himself carefully examined the accounts handed in each month from every district, just as he gave his personal attention with tireless industry and painstaking care to every detail in the widely ramified domain of the administration of government.• Moreover the Emperor was fortunate in having at the head of the finance department a prudent, energetic, perfectly honorable and incorruptible man, the Hindu Todar Mal, who was not a vizier or minister of state, yet had assumed all the functions of such an office. 29
  30. 30. Corruption flourishes in our system because offive basic reasons(besides the ignorance ofthe victims). These are: (i) scarcity of goodsand services (urgency in availability); (ii) redtape and complicated rules and procedures;(iii) lack of transparency in decision -making;(iv) legal cushions of safety for the corruptunder the „healthy‟ principle that everyone isinnocent till proved guilty; and (v) tribalism orbiradari among the corrupt who protect eacho t h e r. 30
  31. 31. N. Vittal spent a four-year term asCentral Vigilance Commissioner andhe is aware of the challenge which the forces ofcorruption in our country pose to those who want tofight it. India pays lip service to the principle ofhonesty. Gandhiji told us: truth and non-violence werethe fundamental principles of existence. Vedic dictumis , ‗Satyam vadha - dharmam charah‘. Our nation‘smotto is ‗Satyameva Jayate‘ or ‗Truth will triumph‘. 31
  32. 32. The role of the Chief Vigilance Office, may broadly bedivided into two parts. i.e. preventive and punitive.The Chief Vigilance Officers have so far beenconcentrating mainly on the punitive side, i.e. dealingwith actual vigilance has not received adequateattention. The word vigilance”mainly implieswatchfulness. But the role of Vigilance Officer ispredominantly preventive. While detection andpunishment of corruption and other malpractices iscertainly important, what is even more important isthe taking of preventive measures which couldreduce the number of vigilance cases considerably. 32
  33. 33. Book by N. Vittal:Corruption in India: the roadblock to nationalprosperityPublisher Academic Foundation, 2003,Length 188 pagesISBN 8171882870, 9788171882878Subjects: Bribery –Corruption investigation –History / Asia / India & South Asia – India – Misconduct in office - Political Science / General -Political Science / Government / International –Political Science / Public Affairs & Administration –Political corruption - Political corruption/ India –Public administration 33
  34. 34.  Academic Foundation 4772-73/23, Bharat Ram Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi - 110 002. INDIA. Tel : +011-23245001 / 02 / 03 / 04. Fax : +011-23245005. E-mail: books@academicfoundation.comBook by N. Vittal:Corruption in India: the roadblock to national prosperity 34
  35. 35. Corruption is a two-way street. For every bribe taker,there is a bribe giver. While the debate oncorruption in our country has focused on thedemand side of corruption, i.e., on public servantsand politicians who demand bribes, there has beena thundering silence on the supply side ofcorruption, i.e., around the business communitywhich bribes the public servants and politicians. It istherefore interesting to note the businesscommunity‘s focus on the issue of ethics inbusiness. Recently the CII organised a session onethics and corporate integrity. 35
  36. 36. Corruption is like malaria, handled by eithergiving medicine to those affected or bypreventing the breeding of mosquitoes.Many of our rules and procedures breedcorruption. Orders have therefore beenissued to check and simplify procedures.One example is a ban on post-tendernegotiations in government purchases,except with the lowest bidder. Suchnegotiations are a flexible source ofcorruption. 36
  37. 37. Given the integration of global markets and theincreasing application of information technology,billions of dollars can be transmitted from onemarket to another at the click of a computermouse. When foreign financial institutions investin an emerging market, they want to be sure thatnot only will the management functions beperformed effectively, but that decisions will alsobe taken in a transparent manner and principlesof corporate ethics observed. When the chips aredown, integrity and corporate ethics do count inglobal trade today. 37
  38. 38. The level of security in the financial institutions becomes especially important because ultimately, as Oscar Wilde said, the thief is the artist and the policeman only a critic.Business fraudsPreventive and Predictive Maintenance 38
  39. 39. Is eliminating corruption a myth or reality? If webelieve corruption can be eliminated, it can be; if not,it will remain a reality.When Vivekananda went to meet Ramakrishna Paramhansa,he asked directly, ‗Does God exist? Do you believe in Him?‘Ramakrishna Paramhansa supposedly replied, ‗Yes, not onlydo I believe in Him, but I can also make you see Him?‘Vivekananda has also described the experience where asRamakrishna touched him, he felt the presence of God. 39
  40. 40. When it comes to business frauds, it is alwaysbetter to adopt preventive and predictivemaintenance principles rather than the breakdownmaintenance principle, which is like locking thestable doors after the horse has bolted. A classicexample is the Harshad Mehta scam wherebecause of lack of computerisation in the PublicDebt Office of the Reserve Bank of India, a Rsl8,000 crore scam was perpetrated. It was onlyafter the fraud was unearthed that the RBIcomputerised the Public Debt Office. 40
  41. 41.  Tata did not enter the  ―We went through three airline business prime ministers, and each because he wasn‘t time there was a comfortable with the particular individual that notion of paying a bribe thwarted our efforts to of 150 million rupees form another airline,‖ Tata ($3.3 million) to an un- said. He even quoted named government another industrialist that official. said, ―You people are very stupid. The minister wants Rs 15 crore. Why don‘t you just pay it? You want the airline. Tata Group Chairman Ratan Tata 41
  42. 42. • Tata‘s revelation follows the resignation of Telecom Minister Andimuthu Raja.• The government released a report on Tuesday that Raja had allegedly rigged the sale of 2G telecoms licenses for lower prices to the companies he favored.• The cost to the Indian government in lost revenue has been estimated at 1.76 trillion rupees ($39 billion). 42
  43. 43. The need for training in computerisation and using informationtechnology for enhancing the level of security in the financialinstitutions becomes especially important because ultimately,as Oscar Wilde said, the thief is the artist and the policemanonly a critic.What computerisation does is provide a means of processinga vast amount of data, which inter alia also give an idea aboutthe modus operandi of fraudsters. Intelligent application ofthese concepts can help in preventing corruption and fraud. 43
  44. 44.  One method of minimising frauds is to put in place effective punishment systems. Our legal systems are so dilatory that the guilty often escape and even if punishment is meted out, it takes a long time. Often, the fraudster has so many resources at his command that he can engage the best legal brains to buy his way to freedom. Who should rework the punishment regimen and our legal system to ensure speedy punishment to the corrupt and the guilty?Ah! put in place effective punishment 44
  45. 45.  The truth is that governments and citizens are fully aware of the corruption which pervades their country. The problem is that the people are ‗powerless‘ to stop corruption. Information, knowledge and patience are critical for realizing all the human aspirations, such as, improvement in quality of life. In the knowledge society, in which we live today, acquisition of information and knowledge and its application have intense and pervasive impact on productivity gains. Democratization of information and knowledge: 45
  46. 46. The concept of Citizen Charters has been introduced to improvethe quality of public services. It ensuresaccountability, transparency and quality of services provided byvarious government / business organizations.It enables citizens to avail of services with minimum hassle, inreasonable time, and at a minimum cost. Effectiveimplementation of Citizens Charters will go a long way incontrolling corruption.The Government of India has launched an ambitiousprogramme for formulation and implementation of CitizensCharters in all government departments. 46
  47. 47. There is need to re-examine our culture, which hasnormalised corruption in its many different forms.We in India need to acknowledge the need forintrospection on our acceptance of the abuse ofpower. The ―Seven Nolan Principles of Public Life‖— selflessness, integrity, objectivity, accountability,openness, honesty and leadership by example —should form the standards for holding public office.There should be regular and independent reviewsof individual and organisational functioning. Thechallenge is to inspire and change individuals andto transcend and transform societal norms. 47
  48. 48. A pluralist society with high ethicsin public life: Awake to it, India Vice of corruption can be overcome Jai Ho
  49. 49. INDIA can become a Nation, which is best described in thewords of Rabindranath Tagore"Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;Where knowledge is free;Where the world has not been broken up into fragments bynarrow domestic walls;Where words come out from the depth of truth;Where tireless striving stretches its arms towardsperfection;Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way intothe dreary desert sand of dead habit;Where the mind is led by thee into ever widening thoughtand action- Into that heaven of freedom, Oh Citizens, let ourcountry awake."Source: Gitanjali, verse XXXV. 49
  50. 50. 50
  51. 51. Shanti: Self control 51
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  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. Vichara Inquiry 54
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  56. 56. Santosha Contentment 56
  57. 57. Satsanga Association with the Good 57
  58. 58. "We are responsible for whatwe are, and whatever we wishourselves to be, we have thepower to make ourselves. Ifwhat we are now has been theresult of our own past actions,it certainly follows thatwhatever we wish to be infuture can be produced by ourpresent actions; so we have toknow how to act. "-- Swami Vivekananda 58
  59. 59. Book DetailsTitle: Corruption in India- Ramifications and RemediesPublisher: Popular PrakashanAuthor: S M JoshiEdition: HardcoverISBN: 8171542425About the Book:This is the second J. P.Memorial lecture delivered by S. M.Joshi, the well-known socialistleader on a topic of national concern - Corruption in India. S. M.Joshi advocates the fightagainst corruption on three fronts - the mass front, the educational front and the politicalfront on the guidelines given by J. P.About the Author(s):S. M. Joshi, was a well known socialist leader on a topic of national concern - Corruption inIndia.Peoples Union for Civil Liberties by Jaya Prakash Narayan in 1976, an organization free from political ideology inwhich members of different political parties can come together on a united platform forthe defense of Civil Liberties and Human Rights. This organization led to the formation ofthe Janata Party. 59
  60. 60. M. G. ChitkaraAPH Publishing, 1997 – 8170247993,ISBN 9788170247999Length 286 pagesSubjectsBriberyBusiness enterprisesLaw / Criminal Law / GeneralMisconduct in officePolitical Science / GeneralPolitical corruptionCorruption "n" cure 60
  61. 61.  The Right to Information Act (2005) and equivalent acts in the states, that require government officials to furnish information requested by citizens or face punitive action, computerisation of services and various central and state government acts that established vigilance commissions have considerably reduced corruption or at least have opened up avenues to redress grievances. The 2006 report by Transparency International puts India at the 70th place and states that significant improvements were made by India in reducing corruption Right to information act 61
  62. 62. Ombudsman [LokAyukta]The LokAyukta is an anti-government corruption organization inthe Indian states. An amendment to the Constitution has beenproposed to implement the Lokayukta uniformly across IndianStates as a three-member body, headed by a retired SupremeCourt judge or high court chief justice, and comprise of thestate vigilance commissioner and a jurist or an eminentadministrator as other members . ComputerizationBhoomi is a project jointly funded by the Govt. of India and theGovt. of Karnataka to digitize the paper land records and createa software mechanism to control changes to the land registry inKarnataka. The project was designed to eliminate the long-standing problem of inefficiency / corruption. Introduction ofsmart cards for vehicle registration and drivers licenses byKarnataka Regional Transport Organization. Enforcementautomation of traffic violations by Bangalore Traffic Police . 62
  63. 63. Anna Hazare’s Aandolan• Talking at Rotary Club of Madras, Mr. Vittal said that Hazare‟s fast turned into a big phenomena due to the confluence of several factors such as his charisma, series of scams in the last one year, people‟s wrath against political corruption, ongoing elections in some States, exposure by the media on a continuous basis and the participation of youth through the internet, especially social networking sites. Anna Hazare 63
  64. 64. Second meeting dated 3-5-2011• In the second round of discussions in the joint drafting committee on the Lokpal Bill here on 2 May 2011 members of the civil society invoked the U.N. Convention on Corruption to stress that the underlying principle of the anti-corruption law should be to have an independent body that covers the highest executive and the judiciary.• The convention to which India is a signatory, but is yet to ratify it, defines „public official‟ as any person holding a legislative, executive, administrative or judicial office, whether appointed or elected, whether permanent or temporary, whether paid or unpaid irrespective of that person‟s seniority. 64
  65. 65. Lokpal bill was introduced 8 times unsuccessfully earlier The adoption of the Lokpal bill [LKPB] alone will not end the menace of corruption but it will help fill the lacunae in our system. _ N. Vittal, a former CVC. “As of now, we have a deadline to the LKPB: June 30 & Aug 15. We can‟t say whether these deadlines will be met.” 65
  66. 66. According to mr. Vittal …• India is facing a „Multiple-organ failure,‟ and required a battery of doctors such as the Judiciary, Election Commission, Comptroller Auditor General of India and Central Vigilance Commission to save it. The print and electronic media and civil society could help these doctors to save the system. 66
  67. 67. • There is saving grace that the world view of an average Indian is averse of vices. The broad masses of the people has simple task to ask for transparency, accept the verdict as the rule of the game what they otherwise do in the name of their fate, burn the real life demon what they do with the mythological ones.• Get to zero tolerance for the perpetrators beyond all bounds of personal links and likes. Operational side of the campaign calls for making the institutions of democracy efficient. It will handle much of the nexus of political, bureaucratic and criminals.• Jai-Ho 67
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