A new State that will be formed by
bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh.
Telangana consists of the 10
districts of Hyderabad, Adilabad,
Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda,
Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and
Telangana is a region within the state of Andhra Pradesh,
that was formerly part of Hyderabad State ruled by the
Andhra Pradesh State has three main cultural regions:
Telangana, Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.
The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square
kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757
(2011 census) which is 41.6% of Andhra Pradesh state
population. The Andhra State came into effect from
October 1, 1953 with Kurnool as its capital city.
Grievances of Telangana proponents
Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite
perceived injustices in the distribution of water, budget
allocations, and jobs.
Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of the
catchment area of the Krishna River and 69% of the
catchment area of the Godavari River are in the
Telangana supporters state that the benefits of
irrigation through the canal system under major
irrigation projects is accruing substantially, 74.25%, to
the Coastal Andhra region, while the share to
Telangana is 18.20%. The remaining 7.55% goes to
the Rayalaseema region.
According to the Backward Regions Grant Fund
2009 –10, of the thirteen backward districts located in
Andhra Pradesh: nine (all except Hyderabad) are from
A Telangana Rebellion happened earlier, that was a
peasant revolt supported by the Communists. It took
place in the former princely state of Hyderabad
between 1946 and 1951. It was led by the Communist
Party of India.
The revolt began in the Nalgonda district against the
feudal lords of Reddy and Velama castes.
It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts.
Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the
local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and
later against the King of Hyderabad State.
The violent phase of the movement ended after the
central government sent in the army.
Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate
strategy of seeking to bring communism to India
within the framework of Indian democracy
Since Telangana was merged with Andhra state to
form Andhra Pradesh state in 1956, there have been
several agitations in Telangana to invalidate the
merger and to form Telangana state.
• In 1971 people voted for Telangana by electing 11 of
13 seats to Parliament.
In 2004 people of both Telangana and Andhra voted
out TDP Government which went with manifesto of
United State, gave a positive verdict for Telangana
by electing Congress TRS with huge margin.
• In 2009 also people voted for Telangana.
On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved
to request the Central government to make steps in
accordance with the Constitution to form a separate
state of Telangana, within a definite time frame. At
present Hyderabad is not contiguous with Seemandhra.
If the Nalgonda district goes to Seemandhra, then this
would enable Hyderabad to be a border city of Telangana
and Seemandhra. The city of Hyderabad would serve
as the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra
Pradesh for ten years.
Telangana is on an elevated plateau. Godavari and
Krishna, flow through the area, but most of the land is
Northern Telangana gets between 900 to 1500mm
rainfall per year from the southwest monsoons.
Various soil types abound here, including chalks, red
sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very
deep b.c. soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges
Southern Telangana gets 700 to 900mm rainfall per
year, also from the southwest monsoons.
The red earths with loamy sub-soils (chalkas) in
these parts facilitate planting oranges, mangoes,
vegetables, sapotas and flowers.
From Godavari out of 1430 TMC allocated,
Telangana is entitled to get 760 TMC whereas the
actual allocation is just 200 TMC. Godavari waters
irrigate over 12 lakh acres in Andhra while it is only 4
lakh acres in Telangana.
About 45% of the forest area in Andhra Pradesh state
is located in Telangana, spread across five districts.
Around 20% of the coal deposits of India are found in
Telangana. The Singareni Collieries Company
excavates coal for industrial purposes and for fuelling
power generating plants. The power generated here
supplies the entire south India. There are limestone
deposits in the area, which are exploited by cement
factories. Telangana has deposits of bauxite and
About 76% of the population of Telangana speak
Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 12% speak other
languages. Before 1948, Urdu was the official
language of Hyderabad State, and due to a lack of
Telugu-language educational institutions, Urdu was
the language of the educated elite of Telangana.
After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new
Republic of India, Telugu became the language of
government, and as Telugu was introduced as the
medium of instruction in schools and colleges, the
use of Urdu among non-Muslims decreased.
UNIVERSITIES IN ANDHRA
Osmania was established by Nizam in 1918
Nagarjuna University- Guntur : 1976
Srikrishna devaraya UniversityAnantapur:1978
Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam Tirupathi : 1983
NTR University of Health Sciences –
Vijayawada : 1986
Seemandhra (Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema
combined which is what will be left after
Telangana is formed) is now benefited from
Telangana, which is rich in industry and, more
primarily from a southern perspective, water.
Of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh,
Telangana has the largest area (114,800 square
kilometres). The Deccan plateau has two major
rivers - the Godavari and Krishna.
Of this, Telangana alone has some 69 per cent of the
Krishna river and 79 per cent of the Godavari
catchment area. Besides, Telangana is also drained
by minor rivers such as Manair, Bhima, Dindi,
Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Munneru, Moosi, Penganga,
Praanahita, Peddavagu and Taliperu. Once
Telangana and Seemandhra are born, water disputes
would have to be faced and solved as more water
would be utilized to develop regions of Telangana
and the other region will receive far less a share.
Telangana is one of the three regions of Andhra
Pradesh. The other two - the 13 districts of
Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra regions are jointly
called "Seemandhra". This region opposes the
These were in total shutdown with shops, schools
and offices closed following the 48-hour strike called
by anti-Telangana protesters. National Highway 5,
which connects Chennai to Kolkata, had been
blocked at various places in Andhra Pradesh.
Anti-Telangana protesters block the road in
Ananthapuram on Friday
Oct 6, 2013, 12.12 PM IST
HYDERABAD: An indefinite strike launched on
Sunday by electricity employees of Rayalaseema
and the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh hit power
supply in six districts of the state and also forced the
railways to cancel train services.
Hundreds of villages in six coastal Andhra districts
plunged into darkness as the electricity employees
went on an indefinite strike to protest the Centre's
decision to create a separate Telangana state.
Union Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde on Friday
said a 10-member Group of Ministers (GoM) would give
its report within six weeks comprising recommendations
on various crucial issues, including the boundary of the
new State, so that the bill on the new State could be
tabled in Parliament in the winter session.
It would make recommendations on the boundaries of
Telangana, division of bureaucracy and sharing of
assets and resources, including river water and
The GoM includes Ministers for Home, Finance, Law,
Water Resources, Human Resource Development,
Urban Development, Road Transport and Highways,
Power and Personnel Ministers, besides the Planning
Commission Deputy Chairman.
The Cabinet note says that the GoM would ―work out
the various legal and administrative measures to
ensure the safety and security of residents of all the
regions of the State.‖
Since the Cabinet has recommended that ―the
city of Hyderabad will function as the common
capital for both the States for a period of 10
years,‖ the GoM would have to look into the
legal and administrative measures required to
ensure that both State governments function
efficiently from Hyderabad.
The GoM will also study issues related to law
and order in the region.
After five decades of independence, Seemandhra is
better off. It has a superfluous fishing industry, special
economic zone in Vizag and power generation
capacity of nearly 5,626 MW from both thermal and
hydel projects against the demand of 4,000 MW from
all categories of consumers. But the loss of Telangana
which is rich in natural resources and has filled the
combined state's treasury thus far, is still too big. In a
way, after nearly six decades of spoonfeeding, the new
state being born is actually Seemandhra and not
Hyderabad: The task force named by the central
government to study security related issues following
the decision to split Andhra Pradesh began its work
in Hyderabad on 29 Oct (Tuesday) by meeting police
The task force headed by security advisor to central
home ministry K Vijaya Kumar arrived in Hyderabad
on Tuesday and began consultations with top police
officials and former directors general of police. Vijaya
Kumar said the team would stay in Hyderabad for
two to three days.
The panel is expected to go into various issues,
especially law and order in Hyderabad in the next 10
years when it would be the joint capital of Telangana
and residuary state of Andhra Pradesh.
Speeding up the process for formation of
Telangana state, the central government
Monday set up the task force to study the law
and order situation in the state, particularly in
Hyderabad, in the post-bifurcation period.
The task force is likely to submit its report to
the group of ministers set up by the home
ministry to work out modalities for forming a
separate Telangana state.
The panel is expected to go into various
issues, especially law and order in Hyderabad
in the next 10 years when it would be the joint
capital of Telangana and residuary state of
Andhra Pradesh. The people of Seemandhra
(Rayalaseema and coastal Andhra) living in
Hyderabad have been demanding that their
security concerns be addressed before the
Hyderabad as a permanent common capital ?
At present Hyderabad would not be
contiguous with Seemandhra. There is an
alternative proposal for Seemandhra which
could resolve the issue of Hyderabad as a
permanent common capital. This proposal
means that if the Nalgonda district goes to
Seemandhra, then this would enable
Hyderabad to be a border city of Telangana
Seemandhra without Telangana can also
focus on its core strengths like ports, fisheries
etc. As for Hyderabad it's an overrated city,
Vishakapatnam can easily become a BPO.
‗In a separate Telangana state include the 13
Seemandhra districts in the new state,‖ was how antiTelangana protestors in Visakhapatnam demanded.
During our 800-km journey from Hyderabad to
Vijayanagaram – the latest hotspot in Seemandhra —
the first road-block came around 5.00am as we entered
Vijayawada. The activists in Vijayawada – in the news
during the past few days because of the power-cuts –
were civil and eager to convey their views on the
bifurcation Andhra Pradesh to the ―national media‖
It continued till Visakhapatnam, the only big-scale
city in Seemandhra, about 50 km from
Vijayanagaram. And the protesters came in all
shapes, sizes and backgrounds like 13-year-old
Srinivas, who declared: ―I want Hyderabad.‖
At Mallepalli, about 30 km beyond Rajahmundry on
the same highway, a group of students – some
armed with lathis – held up traffic. MR Murty, a 19year-old student, stepped forward as the group
spokesman: ―Hyderabad gives us jobs and
education. If it goes, we‘ll be left with nothing.‖
The mood was different in Visakhapatnam district. ―We
have been out on the streets for two months, but no
Delhi newspaper or TV channel looked at us. When
there is violence against Sonia Gandhi‘s man Botsa
Satyanarayana (the much-maligned state Congress
chief), you came running,‖ said school teacher G
Rajeswari. Durga Prasad, a local farmer, was very
clear why he didn‘t want Telangana. ―We will not get
water if Telangana happens, and this prosperous region
will become barren in a few years.‖ All the major rivers
flow from Telangana to Seemandhra.