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People have to develop both new States by their leadership and mutual understanding- Seema-Andhra &Telangana

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  1. 1. Telangana A new State that will be formed by bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. Telangana consists of the 10 districts of Hyderabad, Adilabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and Warangal. 1
  2. 2. District 1 RASMA 2 3 4 ANDRA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 TELGN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Ananthapur Chittoor Cudappah Kurnool East Godavari Guntur Krishna Nellore Prakasam Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vzianagaram W. Godavari Adilabad Hyderabad Karimnagar Khammam Mahaboobnagar Medak Nalgonda Nizamabad Ranga Reddy Warrangal Area (Sq. km) 19,130 15,152 15,359 17,658 10.807 11,391 8,734 13,076 17,626 5,837 11,161 6,539 7,742 16,128 217 11,823 16,029 18,432 9,699 14,240 7,956 7,493 12,846 Population (2001) 36,39,304 37,37,437 25,92,048 35,24,073 48,97,777 44,55,445 41,81,071 26,65,009 30,54,921 25,31,752 38,16,820 22,43,354 37,99,213 24,89,312 38,26,094 35,00,876 25,69,158 35,09,182 26,63,783 32,45,400 23,39,459 35,87,891 32,41,864 Head-quarters Ananthapur Chittoor Cudappah Kurnool Kakinada Guntur Machilipatnam Nellore Ongole Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vzianagaram Eluru Adilabad Hyderabad Karimnagar Khammam Mahaboobnagar Sangareddy Nalgonda Nizamabad Hyderabad Warrangal 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Telangana Telangana is a region within the state of Andhra Pradesh, that was formerly part of Hyderabad State ruled by the Nizams. Andhra Pradesh State has three main cultural regions: Telangana, Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema. The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census) which is 41.6% of Andhra Pradesh state population. The Andhra State came into effect from October 1, 1953 with Kurnool as its capital city. 4
  5. 5. Grievances of Telangana proponents Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite perceived injustices in the distribution of water, budget allocations, and jobs. Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of the catchment area of the Krishna River and 69% of the catchment area of the Godavari River are in the Telangana region. Telangana supporters state that the benefits of irrigation through the canal system under major irrigation projects is accruing substantially, 74.25%, to the Coastal Andhra region, while the share to Telangana is 18.20%. The remaining 7.55% goes to the Rayalaseema region. 5
  6. 6. According to the Backward Regions Grant Fund 2009 –10, of the thirteen backward districts located in Andhra Pradesh: nine (all except Hyderabad) are from Telangana. A Telangana Rebellion happened earlier, that was a peasant revolt supported by the Communists. It took place in the former princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and 1951. It was led by the Communist Party of India. The revolt began in the Nalgonda district against the feudal lords of Reddy and Velama castes. 6
  7. 7. It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the King of Hyderabad State. The violent phase of the movement ended after the central government sent in the army. Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism to India within the framework of Indian democracy 7
  8. 8. Since Telangana was merged with Andhra state to form Andhra Pradesh state in 1956, there have been several agitations in Telangana to invalidate the merger and to form Telangana state. • In 1971 people voted for Telangana by electing 11 of 13 seats to Parliament. • In 2004 people of both Telangana and Andhra voted out TDP Government which went with manifesto of United State, gave a positive verdict for Telangana by electing Congress TRS with huge margin. • In 2009 also people voted for Telangana. 8
  9. 9. On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved to request the Central government to make steps in accordance with the Constitution to form a separate state of Telangana, within a definite time frame. At present Hyderabad is not contiguous with Seemandhra. If the Nalgonda district goes to Seemandhra, then this would enable Hyderabad to be a border city of Telangana and Seemandhra. The city of Hyderabad would serve as the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for ten years. 9
  10. 10. Telangana is on an elevated plateau. Godavari and Krishna, flow through the area, but most of the land is arid. Northern Telangana gets between 900 to 1500mm rainfall per year from the southwest monsoons. Various soil types abound here, including chalks, red sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep b.c. soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and flowers. 10
  11. 11. Southern Telangana gets 700 to 900mm rainfall per year, also from the southwest monsoons. The red earths with loamy sub-soils (chalkas) in these parts facilitate planting oranges, mangoes, vegetables, sapotas and flowers. From Godavari out of 1430 TMC allocated, Telangana is entitled to get 760 TMC whereas the actual allocation is just 200 TMC. Godavari waters irrigate over 12 lakh acres in Andhra while it is only 4 lakh acres in Telangana. 11
  12. 12. About 45% of the forest area in Andhra Pradesh state is located in Telangana, spread across five districts. Around 20% of the coal deposits of India are found in Telangana. The Singareni Collieries Company excavates coal for industrial purposes and for fuelling power generating plants. The power generated here supplies the entire south India. There are limestone deposits in the area, which are exploited by cement factories. Telangana has deposits of bauxite and mica. 12
  13. 13. About 76% of the population of Telangana speak Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 12% speak other languages. Before 1948, Urdu was the official language of Hyderabad State, and due to a lack of Telugu-language educational institutions, Urdu was the language of the educated elite of Telangana. After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new Republic of India, Telugu became the language of government, and as Telugu was introduced as the medium of instruction in schools and colleges, the use of Urdu among non-Muslims decreased. 13
  14. 14. UNIVERSITIES IN ANDHRA Osmania was established by Nizam in 1918 Nagarjuna University- Guntur : 1976 Srikrishna devaraya UniversityAnantapur:1978 Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam Tirupathi : 1983 NTR University of Health Sciences – Vijayawada : 1986 14
  16. 16. UNIVERSITIES 16
  17. 17. Seemandhra (Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema combined which is what will be left after Telangana is formed) is now benefited from Telangana, which is rich in industry and, more primarily from a southern perspective, water. Of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana has the largest area (114,800 square kilometres). The Deccan plateau has two major rivers - the Godavari and Krishna. 17
  18. 18. Of this, Telangana alone has some 69 per cent of the Krishna river and 79 per cent of the Godavari catchment area. Besides, Telangana is also drained by minor rivers such as Manair, Bhima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Munneru, Moosi, Penganga, Praanahita, Peddavagu and Taliperu. Once Telangana and Seemandhra are born, water disputes would have to be faced and solved as more water would be utilized to develop regions of Telangana and the other region will receive far less a share. 18
  19. 19. Telangana is one of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh. The other two - the 13 districts of Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra regions are jointly called "Seemandhra". This region opposes the bifurcation. These were in total shutdown with shops, schools and offices closed following the 48-hour strike called by anti-Telangana protesters. National Highway 5, which connects Chennai to Kolkata, had been blocked at various places in Andhra Pradesh. 19
  20. 20. Anti-Telangana protesters block the road in Ananthapuram on Friday 20
  21. 21. Oct 6, 2013, 12.12 PM IST HYDERABAD: An indefinite strike launched on Sunday by electricity employees of Rayalaseema and the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh hit power supply in six districts of the state and also forced the railways to cancel train services. Hundreds of villages in six coastal Andhra districts plunged into darkness as the electricity employees went on an indefinite strike to protest the Centre's decision to create a separate Telangana state. 21
  22. 22. Union Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde on Friday said a 10-member Group of Ministers (GoM) would give its report within six weeks comprising recommendations on various crucial issues, including the boundary of the new State, so that the bill on the new State could be tabled in Parliament in the winter session. It would make recommendations on the boundaries of Telangana, division of bureaucracy and sharing of assets and resources, including river water and irrigation projects. 22
  23. 23. The GoM includes Ministers for Home, Finance, Law, Water Resources, Human Resource Development, Urban Development, Road Transport and Highways, Power and Personnel Ministers, besides the Planning Commission Deputy Chairman. The Cabinet note says that the GoM would ―work out the various legal and administrative measures to ensure the safety and security of residents of all the regions of the State.‖ 23
  24. 24. Since the Cabinet has recommended that ―the city of Hyderabad will function as the common capital for both the States for a period of 10 years,‖ the GoM would have to look into the legal and administrative measures required to ensure that both State governments function efficiently from Hyderabad. The GoM will also study issues related to law and order in the region. 24
  25. 25. After five decades of independence, Seemandhra is better off. It has a superfluous fishing industry, special economic zone in Vizag and power generation capacity of nearly 5,626 MW from both thermal and hydel projects against the demand of 4,000 MW from all categories of consumers. But the loss of Telangana which is rich in natural resources and has filled the combined state's treasury thus far, is still too big. In a way, after nearly six decades of spoonfeeding, the new state being born is actually Seemandhra and not Telangana. 25
  26. 26. Hyderabad: The task force named by the central government to study security related issues following the decision to split Andhra Pradesh began its work in Hyderabad on 29 Oct (Tuesday) by meeting police officials. The task force headed by security advisor to central home ministry K Vijaya Kumar arrived in Hyderabad on Tuesday and began consultations with top police officials and former directors general of police. Vijaya Kumar said the team would stay in Hyderabad for two to three days. 26
  27. 27. The panel is expected to go into various issues, especially law and order in Hyderabad in the next 10 years when it would be the joint capital of Telangana and residuary state of Andhra Pradesh. 27
  28. 28. Speeding up the process for formation of Telangana state, the central government Monday set up the task force to study the law and order situation in the state, particularly in Hyderabad, in the post-bifurcation period. The task force is likely to submit its report to the group of ministers set up by the home ministry to work out modalities for forming a separate Telangana state. 28
  29. 29. The panel is expected to go into various issues, especially law and order in Hyderabad in the next 10 years when it would be the joint capital of Telangana and residuary state of Andhra Pradesh. The people of Seemandhra (Rayalaseema and coastal Andhra) living in Hyderabad have been demanding that their security concerns be addressed before the bifurcation. 29
  30. 30. Hyderabad as a permanent common capital ? At present Hyderabad would not be contiguous with Seemandhra. There is an alternative proposal for Seemandhra which could resolve the issue of Hyderabad as a permanent common capital. This proposal means that if the Nalgonda district goes to Seemandhra, then this would enable Hyderabad to be a border city of Telangana and Seemandhra. 30
  31. 31. Seemandhra without Telangana can also focus on its core strengths like ports, fisheries etc. As for Hyderabad it's an overrated city, Vishakapatnam can easily become a BPO. 31
  32. 32. ‗In a separate Telangana state include the 13 Seemandhra districts in the new state,‖ was how antiTelangana protestors in Visakhapatnam demanded. During our 800-km journey from Hyderabad to Vijayanagaram – the latest hotspot in Seemandhra — the first road-block came around 5.00am as we entered Vijayawada. The activists in Vijayawada – in the news during the past few days because of the power-cuts – were civil and eager to convey their views on the bifurcation Andhra Pradesh to the ―national media‖ 32
  33. 33. It continued till Visakhapatnam, the only big-scale city in Seemandhra, about 50 km from Vijayanagaram. And the protesters came in all shapes, sizes and backgrounds like 13-year-old Srinivas, who declared: ―I want Hyderabad.‖ At Mallepalli, about 30 km beyond Rajahmundry on the same highway, a group of students – some armed with lathis – held up traffic. MR Murty, a 19year-old student, stepped forward as the group spokesman: ―Hyderabad gives us jobs and education. If it goes, we‘ll be left with nothing.‖ 33
  34. 34. The mood was different in Visakhapatnam district. ―We have been out on the streets for two months, but no Delhi newspaper or TV channel looked at us. When there is violence against Sonia Gandhi‘s man Botsa Satyanarayana (the much-maligned state Congress chief), you came running,‖ said school teacher G Rajeswari. Durga Prasad, a local farmer, was very clear why he didn‘t want Telangana. ―We will not get water if Telangana happens, and this prosperous region will become barren in a few years.‖ All the major rivers flow from Telangana to Seemandhra. 34