Food security-jan-2011

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Proposed legislation for social welfare of the poor in India, that will grant entitlement of foodgrains at subsidized price; modalitis are being discussed.

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Food security-jan-2011

  1. 1. National Advisory Council proposed A broad framework for Food Security January 2011 Expert Commission on Food Security Extends debate; Meet on Jan. 21 again
  2. 2. A broad framework for Food Security• Swift initiation of programmes for relieving disadvantaged citizens from chronic hunger and malnutrition. (pregnant and nursing mothers, infants in the age group of zero to three, and other disadvantaged citizens).• The NAC has stressed that in the design of the delivery system there should be a proper match between challenge and response, (as for example, the starting of community kitchens in urban areas). 2
  3. 3. • The NAC has proposed a phased programme of implementation of the goal of public distribution system. This will start with either one-fourth of the districts or blocks in 2011-12 and may cover the whole country by 2015 .• Required to be developed are the : infrastructure such as grain storage facilities and Village Knowledge Centres and the issue of Household Entitlements Passbooks.• The NAC is hoping to develop inputs for the proposed Food Security Act covering legal entitlements and enabling provisions based on the principle of common but differentiated entitlements, taking into account the unmet needs of the underprivileged. 3
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  5. 5. The proposal supported by the Planning Commission,suggesting that the Tendulkar committee figures forthose living below the poverty line be the cut off forproviding food grains at Rs 3 per kg, could now getgreater weightage.The favoured proposal also recommends that only33% of the urban population be provided subsidizedgrains and provide differential services to differentincome segments. 5
  6. 6. The proposal may allow for the rural population livingabove the Tendulkar poverty line -- or Above PovertyLine beneficiaries -- to get only 25 kg of food grain, at ahigher rate.The step away from universalisation of the PDS scheme,if accepted, would radically reduce the number ofbeneficiaries of the proposed Act as well as pare downthe governments annual subsidy bill by Rs 15,000-20,000 crore. 6
  7. 7. Planning Commission GOI - Indias Nutrition ChallengesFull story: www.youtube.com10 August 2010 New Delhi N.k.sagar _ Sagar Media:Press release -Indias Nutrition Challenges -: India facesthe development paradox of being in the front ranks offast growing global economies, with vibrant economicgrowth rates in stark contrast- around one third of theworlds undernourished children are found in India. Theabove development paradox persists in spite of strongConstitutional legislative, policy, plans and programmecommitments that address the multidimensional natureof the nutrition challenges. 7
  8. 8. Various national programmes are:• Integrated Child Development Services,• National rural Health Mission,• Janani Suraksha Yojana,• Total Sanitation Campaign,• National Rural drinking water Programme,• Mid Day Meals Scheme,• Target Public Distribution System,• National Horticulture Mission,• MGNREG Scheme,• National food Security Mission and• National Rural Livelihood Missions. 8
  9. 9. • Coverage has expanded significantly over past couple of years.• India where every third women is undernourished and every second young child faces the same deficiency.• Planning Commission Government of India has therefore organized Multi stakeholder retreat to address Nutrition Policy, its planning and surveillance. 9
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  12. 12. Explore causes of food insecurity in India• It has been observed that the proportion of the malnourished fell by about one per cent, (FAO,2002) through the nineties in India but their absolute numbers increased by about 18 million.• It is a problem where a certain sector suffer from a shortage of food in a general climate of rising production. There is a near break down of targeted distribution system in many parts of India. 12
  13. 13. Explore causes of food insecurity in India• Problems of India today are the shrinking of agrarian and informal sector incomes and• failures (both due to policy framing as well as implementation) of support led measures to combat poverty. 13
  14. 14. • In developing countries the poor spend upwards of 50% of their income on food – the poorest spend 80% or more. The increase in food prices has increased not just poverty, but also hunger.• Some elements that have influenced the rise in agricultural commodity prices are, among others: scarce water supplies, production costs, droughts and climate change. 14
  15. 15. • We need a new food system, a system that respects political, social, cultural, and environmental rights as well as the economic importance of agriculture.• Governments need to integrate respect for the universal human right to food in all economic policy planning. 15
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  18. 18. Saturday, Nov 27, 2010 Experts group to study NAC proposals on food security Bill• Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has formed an experts group chaired by the chief of Prime Ministers Economic Advisory Council, C. Rangarajan, to examine the recommendations of the Sonia Gandhi-headed National Advisory Council on the proposed food security Bill. Members of the Rangarajan - led group include Chief Economic Adviser to the Finance Ministry Kaushik Basu, Expenditure Secretary Sushma Nath, Agriculture Secretary P.K. Basu, Food Secretary B.C. Gupta, a representative from the Planning Commission and the Registrar-General of India. The panel is expected to give its views in a month. 18
  19. 19. Rangarajan panel for diluted version of food security law f e Bureau Posted: Friday, Jan 14, 2011• The UPA government would have to settle for a much more realistic and doable version of its showpiece food security law. An expert panel set up by the Prime Minister has pitched for “calibration” — if not dilution — of the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council’s plan for a near-universal food safety net.• The panel headed by C Rangarajan highlighted constraints of food grain availability and procurement mechanism to contend that the largesse as conceived by NAC might not be feasible. 19
  20. 20. Under the NAC proposal, 75% of the country’spopulation will get legal entitlement to subsidised foodgrain by 2013-14 — 7 kg per person for “priorityhouseholds” and 4 kg per person for generalhouseholds.In its report released Thursday, the expert panel saidNAC had underestimated the food grain requirementfor such an ambitious programme and ignored the factthat if procurement is stepped up beyond a limit 20
  21. 21. it could lead to distortions in the open market. Thepanel, therefore, recommended an alternative: for thetime being, limit the programme to assured delivery offood grain at Rs 2/kg for wheat and Rs 3/kg for rice tothe “really needy households.”Later, depending on the availability of grain, the schemecould be extended to the rest of the target population,but with a varying quantum of entitlement. 21
  22. 22. NAC, however, sought to stand by its proposals.When contacted, council member NC Saxenasaid: “If the concern is about food stocks, thenwhy are exports being allowed? Moreover, ifstocks are not enough, then we should startprocurement from the eastern regions — WestBengal, Orissa and Bihar.” He added that thecouncil would meet January 21 to discuss theissue and take a view on it. “Experience shows that when you pushprocurement, production also increasesbecause farmers start. 22
  23. 23. Draft of proposed National Food Security Bill, 2010 Published by India Together Friday, 01 January 2010
  24. 24. Draft of proposed National Food Security Bill, 2010Whereas the Government has several schemes foraugmenting agricultural production andensuring adequate availability of food for differentsegments, a Bill to provide a statutoryframework to entitle families living below thepoverty line to certain minimum quantities offoodgrains per month through targeted publicdistribution system. This Act may be called theNational Food Security Act, 2010. 24
  25. 25. PROVIDING FOOD SECURITYAssured Food Security to BPL families:Every identified BPL family will be entitled toreceive every month from the Government 25 kgfoodgrains such as rice and / or wheat atsubsidized issue prices fixed from time to time ina manner as may be provided under the Rules.Provided that the Government may makeadditional allocations of foodgrains dependingupon availability and at such prices as may beprescribed. 25
  26. 26. Targeted Public Distribution System1) For ensuring supply of wheat and/or rice to identified BPL families as per their entitlement under section 3 of this Act, the Central Government shall allocate required quantity of wheat and/or rice from the central pool to State Governments under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) for distribution to identified BPL families through the network of Fair Price Shops (FPS).2) For this purpose, TPDS will be implemented jointly by Central and State Governments as provided under Chapter III. 26
  27. 27. Identification of BPL families(2) Guidelines for identification of BPL familieswould be issued by the Central Government.The Central Government shall fix the number ofthe identified BPL families for each State forcoverage under the Targeted Public DistributionSystem on the basis of poverty estimatesnotified by the Planning Commission of Indiaand relevant census data of Registrar General ofIndia taken as reference for the purpose fromtime to time. Additional number by States: 27
  28. 28. (3) However, if a particular State Government isto extend its support of this kind to certainadditional families in the State over and abovethat provided under section 3 , it may do so butonly by separate identification of such additionalfamilies and with its own budgetary resources.While doing this, that State Government shallnot be competent to reduce the scale ofdistribution of wheat and/or rice or foodsecurity allowance payable in lieu thereof toeach identified BPL family as provided by theGovernment of India under the TPDS. 28
  29. 29. Accountability & Transparency• The Central Government and State Governments shall take necessary steps within their respective areas of responsibility to ensure accountability and transparency in the PDS. All PDS-related records are to be placed in the public domain and open to public scrutiny. 29
  30. 30. Source of Draft:• My Green Channel letustalk@mygreenchannel.org• Lakshya Foundation letustalk@mygreenchannel.org• X-56, [2nd floor] This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You• Green Park Main need JavaScript enabled to view it.• New Delhi-110 016 011 - 26510323• 110 016 011 - 26520323• INDIA 30

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