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Australia india-1

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Democracy,English, Cricket and business besides education are common interests of these two nations.

Democracy,English, Cricket and business besides education are common interests of these two nations.

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  • 1. Compare & contrast Australia and India Members of Commonwealth of NationsIn Asia Pacific region 1
  • 2. National animal EmblemAUSTRALIA INDIABy popular tradition, the kangaroo is accepted • By popular tradition, the as the national animal tiger is accepted as the emblem. national animal emblem. Peacock was accepted as bird emblem. 2
  • 3. National floral EmblemThe golden wattle, The Lotus (NelumboAcacia pycnantha nucifera), wasBenth, was proclaimed the nationalproclaimed the floral emblem.national floralemblem in August1988. 3
  • 4. National AnthemAdvance Australia Fair Jana Gana Mana O! Dispenser of Indias destiny, thouAustralians all let us rejoice, art the ruler of the minds of all people For we are young and free; Thy name rouses the hearts of We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil; Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, the Maratha country, Our home is girt by sea; in the Dravida country, Utkala and Bengal; Our land abounds in nature’s gifts It echoes in the hills of the Of beauty rich and rare; Vindhyas and Himalayas, it mingles in the rhapsodies of the In history’s page, let every stage pure waters of Yamuna and Ganga Advance Australia Fair. They chant only thy name. In joyful strains then let us sing, They seek only thy auspicious blessings. Advance Australia Fair. They sing only the glory of thy victory.Beneath our radiant Southern Cross 4
  • 5. National AnthemAdvance Australia Fair Jana Gana Mana We’ll toil with hearts and hands; The salvation of all people waits in thy To make this Commonwealth of hands, ours O! Dispenser of Indias destiny, thou Renowned of all the lands; art the ruler of the minds of all people For those who’ve come across Victory to thee, Victory to thee, the seas Victory to thee, We’ve boundless plains to Victory, Victory, Victory, Victory to share; thee! With courage let us all combine To Advance Australia Fair. In joyful strains then let us sing, Advance Australia Fair. 5
  • 6. Coat of arms The Australian coat of arms was grantedby King George V in 1912. It consists of a shield containing the badges of the six Australian states, symbolising federation, and the national symbols of the golden wattle, the kangaroo and the emu. By popular tradition, the kangaroo is accepted as the national animal emblem. The golden wattle, Acacia pycnantha Benth, wasproclaimed the national floral emblem in August 1988. 6
  • 7. State Emblem of India An adaptation from the SarnathLion Capital of Ashoka. In theoriginal, there are four lions,standing back to back, mountedon an abacus with a friezecarrying sculptures in high reliefof an elephant, a horse, a bulland a lion separated byintervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. Carved out of ablock of polished sandstone, theCapital is crowned by the Wheelof the Law (Dharma Chakra). 7
  • 8. THE NATIONAL FLAG OF AUSTRALIA 8
  • 9. THE NATIONAL FLAG OFINDIA is in tricolour of deepsaffron (Kesari) at the top, whitein the middle and dark green atthe bottom in equal proportions. The ratio of the width to thelength of the flag is two is to three.In the centre of the white band,there is a wheel in navy blue toindicate the Dharma Chakra, thewheel of law in the Sarnath LionCapital. Its diameter approximatesthe width of the white band and ithas 24 spokes 9
  • 10. People of Australia & India.Population (2008 est.): 21 Population: [2001census] about million. 1,027millions.[Oz is about 2% of Annual population growth rate: 1.6%. Ind! ] Ethnic groups: European U.P [16.17%], Maharashtra 92%, Asian 6%, Aboriginal 2%. [9.42%], Bihar [8.07%], Bengal Religions (2006): Catholic [7.81%], Andhra [7.37%], Tamil 26%, Anglican 19%, other nadu [6.05%], M.P [5.88%], Christian 19%, other non- Rajasthan [ 5.5% ], Karnat [ Christian 1%, Buddhist 5.14% ], Gujarat [4.93% ], Orissa 2.1%, Islam 1.7%, no religion 19% and not stated [3.57%], Kerala [3.10%] and 12%. many others 10
  • 11. Languages spoken Hindi is official language ofIn Australia, English Govt. of India and is the78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, mother tongue of large number of people ofItalian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, North India, India has 20 statutorilyArabic 1.2%, Vietnamese recognized languages;1%, other 8.2%, English is widely learnt and serves as a link and aunspecified 5.7% (2006 international language .Census) 11
  • 12. About OZ_Ind_2008India is an old civilization with Australia is a stable,variety and heritage. culturally diverse andIndia has good agricultural work democratic society with aculture as well as it is now well skilled workforce and aindustrialized. strong, competitiveRecently it emphasizes trainedservices and knowledge based economy.economy. With a population of moreIndia has tropical monsoon type than 21 million, Australia isclimate affected by two the only nation to govern anseasonal monsoons. entire continent. 12
  • 13. Human Development in India & Australia_2006Australia’s Human India’s HumanDevelopment Index Development Index (HDI) is the128th in the(HDI) is the third best world, with about 30 %in the world, behind of people lackingonly Norway and modern livelihoodIreland (UNDP Human facilities.Development Report (UNDP Human2006). Development Report 2006). 13
  • 14. India _ Geography•Area: About 3.29 Msq- kilometres.•India is located between 8 -4’ and37-6’ north Latitude and 68-7’ and97-25’ Longitude.•Mainland in Geographical terms,is (i) Himalaya mountains, (ii) theriver plains, (iii) The desert and(iv) the peninsula.•India receives 86 % of the rainsduring the South-West monsoon,and NE monsoon is limited to 14southern states.
  • 15. Australia: GeographyClimate: Relatively dry and subject to drought, ranging from temperate in the south to tropical in the far north.Terrain: Varied, but generally low-lying 15
  • 16. Climate and Lifestyle of Australia As the 6th largest country in the world, Australia is 50% larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world. Approximately 85% of Australians occupying only 1% of the continent and live in the capital cities and along the coast. For at least 40,000 years Australias Aboriginal people have lived in Australias unique natural environment, believed to be the worlds oldest civilizations. 16
  • 17. Area ,Population, Currency, Rivers AUSTRALIA INDIAArea: About 7.7 Msq kilometres Area: About 3.29 Msq- kilometres[nearly twice as large as India] [Nearly half area as Australia]Population: [2001] Population: [2001census]about 19.3 millions about 1,027millionsCurrency: Australian dollar Currency: Indian rupees (INR) (AUD) Rivers: Ganga, Jamuna andRivers: Murray River,( 2520 Brahmaputra in North; km), Darling Lake Eyre Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and other small ones in South 17
  • 18. Australia: Importance of CitiesArea: 7.7 million sq. km. (3 million sq. mi.); Cities (2007): Capital--Canberra (pop. 340,000). Other cities--Sydney (4.3 million), Melbourne (3.8 million), Brisbane (1.9 million), Perth (1.6 million), Adelaide (1.2 million), Darwin (117,000), Hobart (207,484). 18
  • 19. Cities in Oz_ 2008 In 2007, Sydney was voted the world’s best city for the second year in a row.Melbourne was sixth (Anholt City Brands Index2007).Five Australian cities have been ranked in the topeleven most liveable cities in the world (EconomistIntelligence Unit 2005). 19
  • 20. Health & Work in Oz:Health: Infant mortality rate--4.7/1,000.Life expectancy--males 78 yrs., females 83yrs.Work force (10.8 million): Agriculture--3.0%;mining--4.9%; manufacturing--10.3%;services--75%; public administration anddefense--3.8%. 20
  • 21. EducationYears compulsory--to Organization aboutage 16 in all states and education in Australia:territories except NewSouth Wales and theNorthern Territorywhere it is 15, andWestern Australiawhere it is 17.Literacy--over 99%. 21
  • 22. Education in India: Role of Central & State GovernmentsThe primary responsibility for school educationis borne by the state governments.Therefore any policy changes must be with thefull participation and involvement of the States.However, positive changes in systems ofschooling will require the active involvement ofthe Central Government as well as StateGovernments.This is not only in the matter of providingresources but also in promoting organizationaland other changes. 22
  • 23. Primary Schools In India Schooling has been fragmented into two main classes – the primary level and the secondary level. The secondary level or high school level is further divided into secondary and higher secondary level. 23
  • 24. In primary level, grades or standards are from I to V.Institutes providing education for thesegrades are called primary schools. Theirnumber is the largest among the schools andeducational institutes in India.Still their number is far less than what actuallyshould be. The enrollment in primary schoolsis also greater than in any other level.But dropout rates have placed limits on largenumber of children of this country to receivethe light of the education. 24
  • 25. Need for further Expansion of functional literacy in IndiaNational Knowledge Commission (2008)stressed a focus on expanding functionalliteracy among the population.Illiteracy remains a major problem, evenamong the age-group 15-35 years. Therefore literacy programmes must beexpanded rather than reduced, and given adifferent focus that is directed towardsimproving life skills and meeting felt needs,especially (but not only) among the youth. 25
  • 26. Organization about education in Australia-1School education - the Australian TechnicalColleges, further investment in school education inAustralia, financial assistance for reading tuition andflagpoles for schools.Career development - career guidance,employability skills, skills shortages, career educationquality, vocational education in schools, and goals forschooling.Training and skills - language, literacy andnumeracy; training and skills at school; skillsshortages; and the Backing Australias Abilitypackage. 26
  • 27. Organization about education in Australia-2Higher education - assuring quality, learning andteaching, rationalising responsibility for highereducation.Research Current - research quality, nationalresearch priorities, commercialisation, theinfrastructure of national collaborative research.International education - additional promotion andpresence in overseas markets, quality assurance inonshore and offshore higher education, scholarshipsfor high achieving students, international centres forexcellence, a national centre for language trainingand the annual registration charge. 27
  • 28. A World Class Country Australia, as befits a developed prosperous society, has a well-developed education system with participation rates and secondary school completion rates among the highest in the world. Australian governments at all levels are continually reviewing and reforming education and training to address the issues that arise from social and economic change. Australian education attracts international attention and Australia is involved in co-operating with the development of educational programmes in a number of overseas countries. 28
  • 29. Establishment of universities The first Australian university was the University of Sydney, founded in 1850 in New South Wales. Three years later the University of Melbourne was established by the Colony of Victoria. By 1912 a university had been founded in each State: the University of Adelaide in South Australia in 1874, the University of Tasmania in 1890, the University of Queensland in 1909 and the University of Western Australia in 1911. In 1946, the Commonwealth Parliament established the Australian National University in the nation’s capital, Canberra. 29
  • 30. Global educationAustralia is internationally competitive inproviding education and training both inAustralia and offshore for students fromoutside Australia, known as overseasstudents.Australian universities have expandedglobally by creating offshore campuses,centres and programs.Monash University, for example, hasestablished campuses in Malaysia and SouthAfrica as well as centres in the UK and Italy. 30
  • 31. Global education for over-seas studentsUniversity courses are reflecting this globalfocus with programs being designed to caterfor international students whether locatedwithin Australia or offshore.Can the Aussi edu sys transform Indianyoung things into benign & benevolent globalcitizens made & certified from Down Under ;curry bashing may be a minor tool in theprocess to be used sparingly and only onthose who will learn from it? Play the Guru! 31
  • 32. Nobel Prize for Literature Australia IndiaPatrick White (1912–90): In Rabindranath Tagore1973, Patrick White became (1861-1941) The Nobelthe first Australian to be Prize in Literature 1913.awarded the Nobel Prize for He was educated at home and England. InLiterature. He published 12 his mature years, he hadnovels, two short-story many-sided literarycollections, eight plays, and activities, he managedworks of non-fiction. Widely the family estates, aregarded as one of the major project which broughtEnglish language novelists of increased interest in social reforms. He alsothe 20th century, he had a started an experimentallove–hate relationship with his school at Shantiniketanhome country. where he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education. 32
  • 33. Nobel Prize for LiteratureWhite dealt with the Tagore wrote in all literaryestablished themes of genres, but he was first of allAustralian literature and was a poet. He wrote fifty volumesinspired by Australians’ of poetry: Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat], Gitanjalirelationship with the land. He (1910) [Song Offerings],drew deeply from, and Gitimalya (1914) [Wreath ofilluminated, what he Songs], and Balaka (1916)described as the average, [The Flight of Cranes]. Tagoreboring, ordinary and ugly. wrote many plays; he was theHis major works include The author of several volumes ofAunt’s Story (1948), The short stories and a number ofTree of Man (1955) and novels, among them GoraVoss (1957). (1910), Ghare-Baire (1916) [The Home and the World], and Yogayog (1929) [Crosscurrents]. 33
  • 34. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)Australia is one of the few countriesbelonging to the Organization for EconomicCo-operation and Development (OECD)where general government net debt has beeneliminated.According to the OECD’s 2006 economicsummary of Australia, living standards havesteadily improved since the start of the 1990sand now surpass those of all theindustrialized nations that form the Group ofEight except the United States. 34
  • 35. Australian exports Australian exports, which in 2007 totaled $218 billion, are a mix of minerals and energy, manufacturing, rural products and services. 35
  • 36. "The dynamism shown by India in the last 15 years isphenomenal.” Paul Wolfowitz, President World Bank 36
  • 37. Australia-India ComplementaritiesWe are the two biggest It is well known thatdemocracies in the we share a commonregion, with a free press, colonial heritage.well established Hence many inheritedinstitutions of institutions andgovernment and arenas of interaction include:administration, and anindependent judicial the English language, parliamentary system. democracy and We share English as the friendly competitionmain language of on the cricket andcommerce and industry. hockey fields. 37
  • 38. INDIA-AUSTRALIA ECONOMIC RELATIONSAustralian coking coal, worth US$1.2 billion,is used in more than 50 per cent of steelproduced in India; Indian companies have purchased twocopper mines and three coal mines inAustralia. Indo-Australian Coal and MiningForum with their Indian counterparts to put inplace mechanisms to further deepencommercial and technical linkages. 38
  • 39. LNG, a resource for India• LNG, a relatively new commodity for India, has the potential to be another resources lynchpin in our longer- term commercial relations. Australian LNG has been provided to India through spot sales.• In August 2009, Australia has secured its first long- term liquefied natural gas supply deal with India, with Indias Petronet LNG signing a 20-year agreement to take gas from the massive Gorgon project. Gorgon joint venture partner Exxon Mobil Corp and Petronet, Indias largest LNG importer, signed the deal in Perth 39
  • 40. Australia to play the India card now Australia has much in common with India; besides China and Japan. The idea of a shared Australia- China and Australia - Japan economic enterprise has come first in Aussi consciousness. India seems more distant, less familiar and less dynamic, though the cultural bonds are similar. Now, global environment requires a synergy in South Asia. 40
  • 41. Australia-India Council (AIC)The Australia-India Councils purpose is tobroaden the relationship between Australiaand India by encouraging and supportingcontacts and increasing levels of knowledgeand understanding between the peoples andinstitutions of the two countries. 41
  • 42. High CommissionAustralian High Indian HighCommission address: Commission address:1/50 G Shantipath, The High Commission of IndiaChanakyapuri – 3/5 Moonah PlaceTelephone: 4139 9900 Yarralumla,- Fax: 4149 4490 ACT - 2600 42
  • 43. Australian Studies Fellowships for IndianUniversity Teaching Staff and Postgraduates The Australian Studies Fellowships are a major component of the Australian Studies program of the Australia-India Council. The primary purpose of the Fellowships is to more fully acquaint Indian scholars with Australian Studies centers and programs in Australia. The Fellowships are managed by a consortium of Universities, led by Monash University and consisting of the Australian National University, the University of New South Wales, the University of South Australia and the University of Queensland. 43
  • 44. Australian Renewable Energy Website This site is published by the Australian Greenhouse Office to promote the use of renewable energy and develop the Australian Renewable Energy Industry 44
  • 45. Understanding AustraliaThe Understanding Australia website offersinternational students, visitors andbackpackers information about the continentand its people. (English) 45
  • 46. Australia-India Focuswww.aibc.org.au / newsletter/ htmwww.dfat.gov.au/aicSubscription to Australia-India Focus is free.To receive Australia-India Focus by email,simply provide your Email Address, Nameand Mailing Address to: info@aibc.org.auThe Australia-India Focus newsletter isproduced bi-monthly by the Australia-IndiaCouncil and the Australia India BusinessCouncil. Please direct your editorial enquiriesto info@aibc.org.au 46

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