Violence against women


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Violence against women

  1. 1. Violence Against Women
  2. 2. Violence Against Women In all countries from the UK to Uganda, women and girls experience violence. Within these countries, it happens to women at different ages, classes, faiths and cultures. Womankind believes that violence against women happens because men and women are not equal. While men also experience violence, the number of women who are hurt and the severity of their injury are far greater.
  3. 3. Preventing Violence Against Women 1. Providing services such as counselling and safe housing to women and girls affected by violence. 2. Supporting community education to end acceptance of violence. 3. Working to change laws and practices for the better.
  4. 4. What is violence against women? The term ‘violence against women’ means any act of genderbased violence that results in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, threat or random deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. Some women experience violence at home by their boyfriend, husband or other relative. Others face sexual harassment at work. In some countries, women are subjected to harmful traditional practices, such as female genital mutilation, or many be forced to marry at an early age. Women may also be forced into prostitution by traffickers and in times of conflict, it is women who are most likely to be the target of sexual violence especially rape.
  5. 5. What are the effects if violence against women? 1. 2. 3. Violence stops women accessing their most basic rights – to safety, health, schooling and work. Due to violence women experience injury, mental health and emotional problems. Violence limits women’s access to land, water and food and their ability to participate in work, education, travel and community meetings. It also stops women and their families from making positive changes in their own lives in order to end the poverty they and their communities experience. Violence against women has economic costs for both the individual and society, including missed work, health care for survivors, emergency shelters and legal cases. For these reasons, violence against women constitutes a major obstacle to development, peace and security. The issue of violence against women cannot be separated from other important issues affecting women, such as HIV and AIDS. Women are at a heightened risk of infection due to violence, but are also subject to violence of their positive status is disclosed.
  6. 6. What causes violence against women? Womankind believes that discrimination and unequal power relations lie at the heart of women’s greater vulnerability to violence and that addressing the inequality that is at the heart of all societies must be our priority. Violence is used as a way of controlling women, both in families and wider society, to keep them in a subordinate position to men. Inadequate laws to challenge violence, negative media image, cultural practices, government complacency and the absence of educational programmes to address the causes and consequences of violence all add to the violence women experience.
  7. 7. What is Womankind doing to tackle the problem of violence against women? Womankind supports women around the world to end the violence they, their family and friends are experiencing. Through their active partner organisation in Africa, Asia, Latin America, they support local solutions to violence against women including counselling, safe houses and community education to reduce acceptance of violence. They also work with women’s organisations to carry out research and to persuade decision makers with the power to change laws and policies to benefits women, both in the UK and internationally. They encourage women and men to work together and to involve the wider community in order to bring about community in order to bring about lasting change in attitudes and behaviours. They also bring partners together to share information about lessons learnt and new strategies and to use this information to inform future planning and to shape the views of decision-makers.
  8. 8. Sex Discrimination at Work
  9. 9. Sexual Harassment Sexual harassment can be a source of much irritation, anger and misery in the workplace, and anyone (female or male) suffering from unwelcome sexual attentions in entitled to the protection of the law. The criminal law covering the field of ‘offences against the person’ deals with the most serious forms of sexual misbehaviour such as indecent assault or rape. An employee committing such acts would certainly be accountable to instant notice for gross misbehaviour.
  10. 10. All this has to Stop! But How?
  11. 11. Women Self-Defence (Just learn to fight) • • Many women interested in self-defence enter some sort of martial arts program. These programs vary widely in style, philosophy and approach. For the purposes of this paper a discussion of martial art styles and their subsequent strengths and weaknesses in relationship to women's self defence would be an inordinate undertaking. However, a brief discussion of sexism in martial arts is warranted. Women have been excluded from martial arts education either directly or indirectly for most of its history. Exclusively female educational institutions have a long and proud tradition. Some research on women's colleges includes findings that these colleges encourage leadership skills in women, provide women with more female role models, and that they encourage women to focus on traditionally male-dominated fields of study. However, other research finds that factors such as the level of selectivity of the college may play a part in the institution's positive effects on students. One of the responses to female exclusion and sexism in martial arts is the emergence of all-female schools and a general discussion among female martial artists about how to deal with sexism in co-ed schools. Organizations like the National Women's Martial Arts Federation and schools like Brooklyn Women's Martial Arts and Valley Women's Martial Arts, Inc. offer women the opportunity to train in an all female environment devoted exclusively to women's self-defence issues and physical attributes.
  12. 12. Role Models For Women!