Anth1 Wk1 Pt2
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Anth1 Wk1 Pt2

on

  • 1,017 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,017
Views on SlideShare
1,016
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Anth1 Wk1 Pt2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Sub-fields of cultural anthro Economic anthropology: Prof. Fortier doing research on clay pipe making in South Asia
  • 2. Sub-fields of Cultural Anthropology
    • Psychological Anth
    • Medical Anth
    • Religious Anth
    • Symbolic Anth
    • Ecological Anth
    • Development Anth
    Development Anthropologists helped Mixtec vendors sell traditional crafts at Linda Vista Multicultural Fair
  • 3. Archaeology
    • Study of human behavior and cultural patterns and process through the culture’s material remains
    Jon Erlandson & Debby Head examine artifacts in Alaska
  • 4. Archaeology
      • Archaeological record provides unique opportunity to look at changes in social complexity over time
    • Archaeologists use paleoecological studies to establish ecological and subsistence parameters within which given groups lived
  • 5. Archeology
    • Archaeologists study the past cultures of people, to infer info about beliefs, religion, social organization, etc.
    Just as modern dog lovers pamper their pets with morsels from the table and space on the bed, it seems that ancient Peruvians also treated their dogs like members of the family. -Nat’l Geog.
  • 6. Biological Anthropology
    • Study of human biological variation in time and space
    • Includes evolution, genetics, growth and development, and primatology
    • Draws on biology, zoology, geology, anatomy, physiology, medicine, public health, osteology, and archaeology
    Courtesy: www.bioanth.cam.ac.uk
  • 7. Biological Anthropology: Specialties
      • Paleoanthropology – Human evolution in the fossil record
      • Human genetics
      • Human growth and development
      • Human biological plasticity – Body’s ability to change
      • Primatology – Study of primate biology, evolution, behavior, and social life
  • 8. Example: Human Genographic Project
    • Nat’l Geographic
    • Deep ancestry (10kya+)
    • Y chromosome allele mutations/differences
    http://www.daylife.com
  • 9. Linguistic Anthropology
      • Historical linguists – reconstruct ancient languages and study linguistic variation through time
      • Sociolinguistics – Studies relationship between social and linguistic variation... discovers patterns of thought in different cultures
    • Study of language in its social and cultural context across space and time
  • 10. Historical Linguistics: Indo-European Langs 1,500 yrs ago
  • 11. IE Languages Today
  • 12. Applying Anthropology
    • Applying the data, perspectives, theories, & methods to real situations
    • Helping solve contemporary social problems
    • E.g., in Public health, cultural resource management, & business
    Tongva (Gabrielino) seed beater of willow & redbud boughs; used to collect seeds for pi ñole (sage, tarweed, acorns, Madia flowers, cherry stones
  • 13. Anthropology Interacts with Other Academic Fields
    • Example: Sociology
    • Sociology shares an interest in social relations, organization, and behavior
    • Originally, sociologists focused on industrial West
    • Sociologists use surveys extensively
    • Anth & Soc are converging
  • 14. Anthropology as a Science
      • Systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and deduction, to produce reliable explanations of phenomena with reference to the material and physical world
  • 15. Anthropology as an Art
      • Encompasses study of and cross-cultural comparison of languages, texts, philosophies, arts, music, performances, and other forms of creative expression
  • 16. Science, Explanation, and Hypothesis Testing Research methods are the techniques that investigators use to formulate meaningful questions and to collect, analyze, and interpret facts in replicable and reliable ways. Carefully define variables Associations – observed relationships between two or more measured variables
  • 17. Research Methods
    • 1st level of abstraction
    • observation
    • concept formation
    • data
    • facts
    • 2nd level of abstraction
    • Associations
    • Correlations
    • Proportions
    • Relations
    • propositions
  • 18. Research Q: Is there a relationship b/n Education & Experience?
    • What variables?
    • What testable framework?
    • What 1st level abstract concepts?
    • Define/operationalize our terms: family, parent, college experience
    • 2nd level: Are there associations?
    • What is the significance?
  • 19. Theories
    • Theories are never proved, only disproved
    • Theories “build” & expand
    • Theories are never “true,” only verified
    • A “law” is a highly verified theory
    • Models and explanations are high level theories
  • 20. Science & Validity
    • Reliability
    • Replicability
    Balinese Cockfighting
  • 21. Methods of Collecting Data in Cultural Anthropology
    • Field Research
    • Questionnaire
    • Interview
    • Participant-Observation
    • Secondary sources
  • 22. Final Considerations
    • Operationalize or define terms
    • Sampling
    • Independent & dependent variables
  • 23. Anthropologist K. Narayan (right) with U. D. Sood doing Oral Folklore project in India