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Intro to Cultural Anthropology:  What is Anthropology? Students relaxing after fieldwork in Moquegua, Peru Photo courtesy ...
Objectives <ul><li>Understand that anthropology is holistic and comparative study of humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, ...
Lecture Outline <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Human Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>General Anthropology </li></ul><ul><l...
Overview <ul><ul><li>How we originated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we have changed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we ...
Anthropology is holistic <ul><ul><li>Past, present, future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
General Anthropology <ul><ul><li>Cultural Anthropology ( or, “Sociocultural Anth”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaeologic...
Four subfields <ul><li>Cultural anthropology  – examines human diversity of the present and recent past. </li></ul><ul><li...
Four subfields <ul><li>Biological anthropology  – study of human fossils, genetics, and bodily growth and nonhuman primate...
Adaptation <ul><li>Adaptation  – process by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses </li></ul>
Adaptation, Variation, and Change <ul><ul><li>Foraging sole basis of human subsistence for millions of years </li></ul></u...
Adaptation, Variation, and Change <ul><li>First civilizations arose ~6000 B.P. (Before the Present)  </li></ul><ul><li>Rec...
Recap 1.1  Forms of Cultural and Biological Adaptation (to High Altitude)
Cultural Adaptation <ul><li>Highland Peruvians Chewed coca </li></ul><ul><li>Made raised fields to avoid killing frosts on...
History of Anthropology:  The Four-field Approach <ul><li>Developed in U.S.  </li></ul><ul><li>Early anthropologists combi...
Cultural Anthropology <ul><ul><li>Ethnography  – Fieldwork in a particular culture; provides account of that community, so...
Table 1.2  Ethnography and Ethnology – Two Dimensions of Cultural Anthropology
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Anth1 Wk1 Pt1

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Intro to Cultural Anth part 1

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Transcript of "Anth1 Wk1 Pt1"

  1. 1. Intro to Cultural Anthropology: What is Anthropology? Students relaxing after fieldwork in Moquegua, Peru Photo courtesy Paul S. Goldstein
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Understand that anthropology is holistic and comparative study of humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, distinguish, & describe the 4 subfields of anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish ethnology from ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>Understand that anthropology is both a science & an art </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lecture Outline <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Human Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>General Anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>The Subdisciplines of Anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology a nd Other Academic Fields </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Methods </li></ul>
  4. 4. Overview <ul><ul><li>How we originated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we have changed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we are changing still. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anthropology addresses basic questions of human existence and survival. </li></ul>Cave art from Bhimbekta, India circa 2,500b.p.
  5. 5. Anthropology is holistic <ul><ul><li>Past, present, future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul></ul>Interested in the whole of the human conditions Indus Valley (Pakistan) - clay seal with writing still undeciphered
  6. 6. General Anthropology <ul><ul><li>Cultural Anthropology ( or, “Sociocultural Anth”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaeological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linguistic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Academic discipline of anthropology includes: </li></ul>
  7. 7. Four subfields <ul><li>Cultural anthropology – examines human diversity of the present and recent past. </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology – reconstructs behavior by studying material remains </li></ul>
  8. 8. Four subfields <ul><li>Biological anthropology – study of human fossils, genetics, and bodily growth and nonhuman primates </li></ul>Linguistic anthropology – considers how speech varies with social factors and over time
  9. 9. Adaptation <ul><li>Adaptation – process by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses </li></ul>
  10. 10. Adaptation, Variation, and Change <ul><ul><li>Foraging sole basis of human subsistence for millions of years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate of change accelerated during past 10k years </li></ul></ul>Willow storage basket Photo by Eva Salazar, Kumeyaay (Mission Indian) of San Diego
  11. 11. Adaptation, Variation, and Change <ul><li>First civilizations arose ~6000 B.P. (Before the Present) </li></ul><ul><li>Recently industrial conditions spreading to all cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s global economy links all people into a world system </li></ul>Eva Salazar helped revive Kumeyaay Arts and Crafts
  12. 12. Recap 1.1 Forms of Cultural and Biological Adaptation (to High Altitude)
  13. 13. Cultural Adaptation <ul><li>Highland Peruvians Chewed coca </li></ul><ul><li>Made raised fields to avoid killing frosts on crops </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze-dried potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Created inter-altitude trade relations w/ lowlanders </li></ul>Peruvian miner, early 1900s
  14. 14. History of Anthropology: The Four-field Approach <ul><li>Developed in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Early anthropologists combined studies of customs, social life, language, and physical traits </li></ul>Drawing from Tierra del Fuego, during C. Darwin’s Voyage of the Beagle, 19th c.
  15. 15. Cultural Anthropology <ul><ul><li>Ethnography – Fieldwork in a particular culture; provides account of that community, society, or culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnology – cross cultural comparison; the comparative study of ethnographic data, of society and of culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences </li></ul>
  16. 16. Table 1.2 Ethnography and Ethnology – Two Dimensions of Cultural Anthropology
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