Anth1 Wk1 Pt1
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Intro to Cultural Anth part 1

Intro to Cultural Anth part 1

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  • 1. Intro to Cultural Anthropology: What is Anthropology? Students relaxing after fieldwork in Moquegua, Peru Photo courtesy Paul S. Goldstein
  • 2. Objectives
    • Understand that anthropology is holistic and comparative study of humanity
    • Identify, distinguish, & describe the 4 subfields of anthropology
    • Distinguish ethnology from ethnography
    • Understand that anthropology is both a science & an art
  • 3. Lecture Outline
    • Overview
    • Human Diversity
    • General Anthropology
    • The Subdisciplines of Anthropology
    • Anthropology a nd Other Academic Fields
    • Scientific Methods
  • 4. Overview
      • How we originated.
      • How we have changed.
      • How we are changing still.
    • Anthropology addresses basic questions of human existence and survival.
    Cave art from Bhimbekta, India circa 2,500b.p.
  • 5. Anthropology is holistic
      • Past, present, future
      • Biology
      • Society
      • Language
      • Culture
    Interested in the whole of the human conditions Indus Valley (Pakistan) - clay seal with writing still undeciphered
  • 6. General Anthropology
      • Cultural Anthropology ( or, “Sociocultural Anth”)
      • Archaeological
      • Biological
      • Linguistic
    • Academic discipline of anthropology includes:
  • 7. Four subfields
    • Cultural anthropology – examines human diversity of the present and recent past.
    • Archaeology – reconstructs behavior by studying material remains
  • 8. Four subfields
    • Biological anthropology – study of human fossils, genetics, and bodily growth and nonhuman primates
    Linguistic anthropology – considers how speech varies with social factors and over time
  • 9. Adaptation
    • Adaptation – process by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses
  • 10. Adaptation, Variation, and Change
      • Foraging sole basis of human subsistence for millions of years
      • Rate of change accelerated during past 10k years
    Willow storage basket Photo by Eva Salazar, Kumeyaay (Mission Indian) of San Diego
  • 11. Adaptation, Variation, and Change
    • First civilizations arose ~6000 B.P. (Before the Present)
    • Recently industrial conditions spreading to all cultures
    • Today’s global economy links all people into a world system
    Eva Salazar helped revive Kumeyaay Arts and Crafts
  • 12. Recap 1.1 Forms of Cultural and Biological Adaptation (to High Altitude)
  • 13. Cultural Adaptation
    • Highland Peruvians Chewed coca
    • Made raised fields to avoid killing frosts on crops
    • Freeze-dried potatoes
    • Created inter-altitude trade relations w/ lowlanders
    Peruvian miner, early 1900s
  • 14. History of Anthropology: The Four-field Approach
    • Developed in U.S.
    • Early anthropologists combined studies of customs, social life, language, and physical traits
    Drawing from Tierra del Fuego, during C. Darwin’s Voyage of the Beagle, 19th c.
  • 15. Cultural Anthropology
      • Ethnography – Fieldwork in a particular culture; provides account of that community, society, or culture
      • Ethnology – cross cultural comparison; the comparative study of ethnographic data, of society and of culture
    • Describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences
  • 16. Table 1.2 Ethnography and Ethnology – Two Dimensions of Cultural Anthropology