The presentation shows the idea of creating a regional approach to collaborate around Open Educational Resources (OER) in the Nordic countries. Which are the main barriers and recommendations / actions to overcome those.
The Nordic Alliance for OpenEducation: State-of-the-Art,Challenges and OpportunitiesJan M. Pawlowski, Ebba Ossiannilsson, Alastair Creelman,Henri Pirkkalainen, Tore Hoel, Tapio Varis, Petri Lounaskorpi,Oystein Johannessen, Gard Titlestad, Jan Hylen, ChristianHjorth Lund, Olavur EllefsenEDEN Conference, Oslo, 14.06.2013http://www.nordicOER.org
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Open Education on the MoveUNESCO ParisOER DeclarationEU Horizon 2020:Opening Up Educatione. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.Support institutions, train and motivate teachers and other personnel to produce and share high-quality, accessible educational resources, taking into account local needs and the full diversity oflearners. Promote quality assurance and peer review of OER. Encourage the development ofmechanisms for the assessment and certification of learning outcomes achieved through OER.f. Foster strategic alliances for OER. Take advantage of evolving technology to createopportunities for sharing materials which have been released under an open license in diversemedia and ensure sustainability through new strategic partnerships within and among theeducation, industry, library, media and telecommunications sectors.g. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and culturalcontexts. Favour the production and use of OER in local languages and diverse cultural contexts toensure their relevance and accessibility. Intergovernmental organisations should encourage thesharing of OER across languages and cultures, respecting indigenous knowledge and rights.
How to make an “OERdifference” on a global scale?
Nordic OpennessOpen for Ideas andInnovationOpen Pedagogiesand CurriculaSociety open for teachers’appreciationEducation open for anyone(schools, universities, adulteducation)
Nordic OEREMUMaterialeplatformen nationalrepository for all Danishlearning resourcesportal for academic lectures byDanish Public BroadcastingDuda.dkinks and information bySkolverketprojectOER - Open opportunities for learninginvolves nine universitiesUR access byUtbildningsradion (UR)Spindeln search engineLibguides iportal for resourceson OERNDLA icooperation between 18countiesNRK: nrk.no/skoledelogbruk.no Norwegian Web2.0 initiativeutdanning.no official nationaleducation and career portal,.ovttas.no is a collection ofpedagogical articlesEDU.fi by the Finnish NationalBoard of Educationlearning resources in Swedishedu.fi/hitta_material/digitala_larresurserLä nkhåvenInstructions for teachersteacher cardsSmall Highschools in FinlandLeMill, collaboration withEstoniaSnar.fo public portal foreducational content
Barriers (1/2)Aspect Barriers Opportunities / Impact ActionsStrategies and Policies:Specific OER StrategiesLack of Nordic policies onOERLack of national policiesProvide political guidance,support and engagementBuild a Nordic position on OERCreate national OER policiesEnabling environments:Connectivity, mobility, literacy,standardsLack of interoperabilityLack of easy-to-use systemsCreating access to a variety ofOER through national /regional portals andcommunitiesUtilize OER across platformsand systemsCreate flexible portals andcollaboration environmentsSupport the development anduse of (international) standardsUse and Awareness: Inclusion,access & equalityLack of awareness andattitudes on policy and userlevelLack of support by middlemanagement in institutionsAllow collaborations within andacross the Nordic countries aswell as internationallyCreate Nordic communitiesConnect to internationalcommunitiesCreate and support universitypolicy developmentOpen Licensing Frameworks(understanding, public funding)Lack of knowledge on openlicenses (eg CreativeCommons)Make simple licensingmechanisms, understandableto educators and othersSupport and enforce use ofopen licensesSustainable Development andQuality: Supporting teachers,quality, peer reviewLack of uptake by teachersinsecurities on qualitylack of quality mechanismsCreating collaborations andshared teachingIncrease qualityProvide collaboration supportand incentivesCreate user-based qualitymechanisms
Barriers (2/2)Strategic Alliances: acrossborders, Public PrivatePartnerships (PPP)Lack of policy instrumentslack of partnershipsIncreased internationalcollaborationSupporting educational globalcollaborationsProvide programs forinternational shared teachingSupport PPP and businessmodel creationDevelopment / adaptation forculture / language: adaptation,accessibilityLack of long-termcollaborationsLack of accessibilityLack of tool to collaborateacross bordersAllowing diversity and supportof languages and cultureCreate access for specialneedsProvide accessibility andadaptation guidanceResearch: development,efficiency, qualityLack of research on OER, inparticular business models,acceptance, sector-specificuptake and effectsIncrease research for OERand related topics, in particularapplied researchCreate specific OER researchprogramsFinding / retrieving: Servicesand tools, interoperabilityLack of knowledge onavailable toolsCreate easy opportunities tofind, adapt and embed OERUse good practices andvalidated tools frominternational projects andcollaboratorsChange / adoption processes Lack of balanced approaches(bottom up and top down)Create good practices of both,bottom up (eg initiated bystudents) and top down (egproviding institutionalstrategies)Collect and synthesize mixedapproaches to adoption andchange
The Nordic SituationPerfect ground for Nordic andglobal collaboration“Open” Approaches widely usedBUT….– Lack of awareness on all levels– No policies in place– Very few Nordic collaborations….and unfortunately: a stronglack of global collaboration!OER
The Nordic Open Education AllianceTo contribute in utilizing OER for educationaldevelopment in the Nordic countries and to enable andsupport collaborative actions in these countriesTo contribute to global educational developmentTo support the implementation of the Paris OERDeclaration and future EU OER initiatives in the NordiccountriesTo analyze opportunities and barriers for a successfulimplementation of the Paris Declaration as well ascurrent EU strategies in order to provide guidance forpolicy makers in governments, institutions andorganizationsTo build and exchange knowledge on OER and OEP inthe Nordic Region as a basis for good practices,inspiration for policy building and policy implementation
Nordic OE Alliance: Position Paperhttp://www.tinyurl.com/nordic-positionGoals and ObjectivesBarriersActionsRecommendations– Policy– Institutions– IndividualsHow to make itwork?How to create long-term, trusted,mutualpartnerships?
Nordic OE Alliance: Vision 2017The Nordic countries are a leading area regarding global and EuropeanOERMinistries and universities acknowledge and support use of OEREducators are aware of OER and how to access and utilize OER“Opening up Education values” are shared by a majority ofeducatorsAll schools and institutions have the freedom to choose between theirown, commercial or open materialsOER creation is rewarded in tenure and evaluation proceduresCommunities have formed on research and teachingAccess to OER exists through communitiesCost of educational materials has decreasedNew businesses have been formed providing educational servicesAll publicly funded materials are shared and distributed with openlicensesQuality mechanisms are available and knownAll schools and educational institutions are involved in long-termeducational collaborations, nationally as well as internationallyMaterials and expertise are made available globallyIndividuals and institutions engage in cross-border collaborations
Towards Nordic-GlobalCollaborationsPolicy Level– Create multi-lateral educational partnerships– Support development of OER in different languages– Enforce collaborative research– Provide Nordic OER access pointsInstitutions– Commit to OER development: rewards and recognition– Utilize existing partnerships (ERASMUS, e-twinning, …)– Support and encourage collaborative teachingIndividuals– Create awareness– Create, collaborate, innovate!– Try out new ways of mutual collaboration!
SummaryNordic Open Education Alliance provides anaccess point to Nordic Open EducationGrowing initiative to represent Nordic interestsand opportunitiesSupport of global collaboration instead ofexportPromoting innovation – e.g. idea sharing, trustbuilding, collaboration– Emotional (and collective) ownership– Co-creation in collaborations– Creating long term emotional bindings– OER as a dynamic process in groups oftrusted colleaguesJoin the partnership!
Contact us…Prof. Dr. Jan M. Pawlowskijan.firstname.lastname@example.orgGLIS on the web…http://users.jyu.fi/~japawlowNordic Open EducationAlliancehttp://www.nordicOER.org