Digital Innovation Oer Theses Pawlowski20091111


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theses on the future of open education and open educational resources, in particular business and research challenges

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Digital Innovation Oer Theses Pawlowski20091111

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources – Research and Business Challenges <ul><li>Jan M. Pawlowski </li></ul><ul><li>Tampere, 11.11.2009 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Licensing: Creative Commons <ul><li>You are free: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to Remix — to adapt the work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Under the following conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attribution . You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noncommercial . You may not use this work for commercial purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share Alike . If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. JYU: Global Information Systems <ul><li>Focus areas </li></ul><ul><li>Global Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting globally distributed workgroups </li></ul><ul><li>Open Educational Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting international education settings </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization & Quality Management </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile & Ambient Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative tools and solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>OpenScout: OER for Management </li></ul><ul><li>COSMOS, Open Science Resources: Exchange of Scientific Content </li></ul><ul><li>ASPECT: Open Content and standards for schools </li></ul><ul><li>iCOPER: New standards for educational technologies </li></ul><ul><li>LaProf: Language learning in ICT and agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>NORDLET: Nordic Baltic Network for Learning, Education and Training </li></ul>
  4. 4. Contents <ul><li>Open Content and Re-Use </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study Results: How does it work in the real life in Finland? </li></ul><ul><li>5 challenges: OER now and then… </li></ul>
  5. 5. Open…?
  6. 6. Open Source…
  7. 7. Open…
  8. 8. Open Educational Resources…
  9. 9. Open Educational Resources…
  10. 10. So, why doesn’t it work in Education? <ul><li>Barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ not invented here” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Education is something special!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I have no time” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Googling might not be enough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insecurities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potentials & needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on new stuff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation and synergies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills in the use of ICT and tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enormous resource pools </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Experiences from our Case Study: How much have you…
  12. 12. Experiences from our Case Study: Would you…
  13. 13. Experiences from our Case Study: International concerns…
  14. 14. Experiences from our Case Study: International concerns of re-use
  15. 15. Conclusion: The Key Factors <ul><li>Experiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Willingness but something is missing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still some key factors to be improved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Cultural) Awareness and Competencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust and quality </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Challenge 1: Global Collaboration <ul><li>Currently, only English contents are re-used widely </li></ul><ul><li>But: The Finnish educational system has a high reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exporting Finnish education and materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building adaptation models and methods </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Challenge 2: Cultural Awareness <ul><li>Culturally diverse materials should be developed and used </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness is a key issue to international success </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating cultural awareness in global settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying cultural aspects (and potential conflicts / adaptation needs) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Challenge 3: Business Models <ul><li>Only high-quality content can be sold, decent quality content is available for any given topic </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating services around OER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OER brokerage and adaptation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accreditation and recognition </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Challenge 4: Tools and Services <ul><li>Tools for adaptation are necessary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Editing and improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translation and adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search and (re-)publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating tools for a wide audience (wiki-alike?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating open services for automated user support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration support (online editing, group awareness, …) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Challenge 5: Trust and Quality <ul><li>Users do not trust OER because of a lack of (perceived, contextual) quality </li></ul><ul><li>Ex-ante QA is not possible </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating trust-based quality mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating trusted networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommender systems as quality instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User-assured quality </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Summary <ul><li>OER as a promising concept for education </li></ul><ul><li>Current acceptance still low </li></ul><ul><li>New research and business opportunities, in particular for Finnish actors </li></ul><ul><li>Lets try it  </li></ul>
  22. 22. Contact us… Prof. Dr. Jan M. Pawlowski GLIS on the web… NORDLET
  23. 23. Resources <ul><li>ICOPER: </li></ul><ul><li>COSMOS: </li></ul><ul><li>OpenScout: </li></ul><ul><li>ASPECT: </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBE: </li></ul>