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  • 1. URBAN POVERTY ALLEVIATION SCHEMES / PROGRAMMES – CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Definitions of poverty: • United Nations: Poverty is the inability of getting choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one‟s food or a job to earn one‟s living, not having access to credit. It means insecurity, powerlessness and exclusion of individuals, households and communities. It means susceptibility to violence, and it often implies living in marginal or fragile environments, without access to clean water or sanitation. • World Bank: Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being, and comprises many dimensions. 2
  • 3. DIMENSIONS OF URBAN POVERTY Urban poverty is usually characterised by multiple sources of deprivation: • • • • • • • Inadequate household income; Limited asset base for individuals, households or communities; Inadequate provision of „public‟ infrastructure and services; Inadequate protection by the law; „Voicelessness‟ and powerlessness within the political system; Exploitation and discrimination; Limited access to employment opportunities, adequate health and education opportunities; • Inadequate and insecure housing and unhealthy environment. 3
  • 4. REASONS FOR URBAN POVERTY • • • • • • • • • • • Urbanization Migration from rural to urban High population growth Illiteracy Large families Improper training Slow job growth Unequal distribution of income Livelihood issues and financial insecurities Identity crisis and personal insecurities Political and social exclusion 4
  • 5. CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES AND PROGRAMS IN INDIA India‟s first initiatives to eradicate Urban Poverty were • • • • Community Development Projects (CDP), 1952. Subsidized Industrial Housing Scheme (SIHS), 1952. Economically Weaker Section Housing, 1952. National Extension Service (NES), 1953. Later on, • • • • • • Low Income Group Housing Scheme (LIGHS), 1954. Slum Areas Improvement and Clearance (SAIC) Programme, 1956. Basic Services for Urban Poor, 1958. Urban Water Supply and Sanitation (UWS&S) Scheme, 1961. Special Nutrition Programme (SNP), 1970. Environmental Improvement of Urban Slum, 1972-74. 5
  • 6. CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES AND PROGRAMS IN INDIA • • • • • • • • • • Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT), 1979. Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme, 1980-81. Nehru Rojgar Yojana (NRY), 1989. Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993. Prime Minister‟s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme (PMI UPEP), 1995. National Slum Development Programme (NSDP), 1996. Swarnajayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY), 1997. Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY), 2001. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), 2005. Twenty Point Programme, 2006. 6
  • 7. CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES AND PROGRAMS IN INDIA • Swarnajayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY), 1997. • Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY), 2001. • Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), 2005. • Twenty Point Programme, 2006. 7
  • 8. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) • Launched on 01.12.1997 • Implemented through State/UT Governments • Funded on 75:25 basis between the Centre and State. • 5 Components of the scheme: – Urban Self Employment Programme (USEP) – Urban Women Self – help Programme (UWSP) – Skilled Training for Employment Promotion amongst Urban Poor (STEP-UP) – Urban Wages Employment Programme (UWEP) – Urban Community Development Network (UCDN) 8
  • 9. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Urban Self Employment Programme (USEP): • Assistance to individual urban poor beneficiaries for setting up gainful selfemployment ventures; • Assistance to groups of urban poor women for setting up gainful selfemployment ventures; – This sub-scheme has been titled as “The Scheme for Development of Women and Children in the Urban Areas (DWCUA)“. • Training of beneficiaries, potential beneficiaries and other persons associated with the urban employment programme for up gradation and acquisition of vocational and entrepreneurial skills. Soap Making unit Courier service 9
  • 10. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Urban Women Self-Help Programme (UWSP): • Assistance to groups of urban poor women for setting up gainful selfemployment ventures - (Loan & Subsidy); • Revolving Funds for Self-Help Groups (SHGs) / Thrift & Credit Societies (T&CSs) formed by the urban poor women – (Revolving Fund). Agri-Horti-Herbal Nursery Eco- friendly palm mat weaving unit 10
  • 11. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Skill Training for Employment Promotion amongst Urban Poor (STEPUP): • Providing assistance for skill formation/ up gradation of the urban poor to enhance their capacity to undertake self-employment as well as access better salaried employment Coffee powder unit Computer assembling unit 11
  • 12. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP): • Provide wage employment to beneficiaries living below the poverty line within the jurisdiction of urban local bodies by utilising their labour for construction of socially and economically useful public assets. • These assets may be Community Centres, Storm water Drains, Roads, Night Shelters, Kitchen Sheds in Primary Schools under Mid-day Meal Scheme and other community requirements like Parks, Solid Waste Management facilities, as decided by the community structures themselves. • There are no restrictions on educational qualifications. 12
  • 13. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP): • The material labour ratio for construction works under this component is to be maintained at 60:40. • The prevailing minimum wage rate, as notified from time to time for each area, has to be paid to beneficiaries under this component. • UWEP will be applicable only to towns/cities with population upto 5 Lakhs, as per the 1991 Census. Solid Waste Management Unit - Final product 13
  • 14. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Urban Community Development Network (UCDN): • Establishing and nurturing community organizations and structures that facilitate sustained urban poverty alleviation. Towards this end, community organizations like Neighbourhood Groups (NHGs), Neighbourhood Committees (NHCs), and Community Development Societies (CDSs) shall be set up in the target areas. • The CDSs will be the focal points for purposes of identification of beneficiaries, preparation of loan and subsidy applications, monitoring of recovery, and generally providing whatever other support is necessary for the programmes. Multipurpose job club Canteen Service unit 14
  • 15. Financial Progress (Cumulative) under SJSRY Rs. in Lakhs OPENING BALANCE TOTAL FUND TOTAL EXPENDITURE TOTAL FUND AVAILABLE UNSPENT FUND (as on 1-12-97) RELEASED (1997-2007) REPORTED SL. STATES/ NO. UTs CENTR CENTR CENTR CENTR STATE TOTAL STATE TOTAL STATE TOTAL STATE TOTAL CENTRAL STATE TOTAL AL AL AL AL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 4686.06 10287.49 7289.35 17576.84 11465.99 10796.91 22262.90 9433.24 9814.85 19248.09 % OF EXPENDITUR E 18 1 Andhra Pradesh 1178.50 3507.56 2032.75 982.06 3014.81 86.46 2 Arunachal Pradesh 304.93 199.11 504.04 220.18 73.39 293.57 525.11 272.50 797.61 515.56 250.44 766.00 9.55 22.06 31.61 96.04 3 Assam 829.65 0.00 829.65 1862.90 1124.72 2987.62 2692.55 1124.72 3817.27 2597.78 213.68 2811.46 94.77 911.04 1005.81 73.65 4 Bihar 648.83 2436.90 3085.73 2749.44 689.26 3438.70 3398.27 3126.16 6524.43 2716.61 2510.01 5226.62 681.66 616.15 1297.81 80.11 5 Chhattisgarh 6 Goa 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 1891.40 522.23 2413.63 1891.40 522.23 2413.63 1165.88 387.02 1552.90 725.52 135.21 860.73 64.34 138.84 83.06 221.90 84.06 35.53 119.59 222.90 118.59 341.49 150.69 75.79 226.48 72.21 42.80 115.01 66.32 Gujarat 1685.26 594.67 2279.93 5103.85 1749.08 6852.93 6789.11 2343.75 9132.86 4877.53 2026.16 6903.69 1911.58 317.59 2229.17 75.59 8 Haryana 293.79 170.97 464.76 2823.20 941.06 3764.26 3116.99 1112.03 4229.02 2818.16 1012.42 3830.58 298.83 99.61 398.44 90.58 9 Himachal Pradesh 257.09 440.94 698.03 425.46 189.85 615.31 682.55 630.79 1313.34 633.12 615.97 1249.09 49.43 14.82 64.25 95.11 10 Jammu & Kashmir 490.61 448.60 939.21 502.38 1153.18 1655.56 992.99 1601.78 2594.77 983.93 1520.13 2504.06 9.06 81.65 90.71 96.50 11 Jharkhand 287.11 1137.36 1424.47 788.37 98.34 886.71 1075.48 1235.70 2311.18 0.00 0.00 0.00 1075.48 1235.70 2311.18 0.00 12 Karnataka 2071.86 2816.89 4888.75 7696.58 2329.36 10025.94 9768.44 5146.25 14914.69 8727.01 4740.98 13467.99 13 Kerala 353.75 509.95 863.70 3699.83 1496.58 4053.58 2006.53 3490.22 1690.94 14 Madhya Pradesh 1390.47 1663.48 3053.95 10442.45 3166.09 13608.54 11832.92 15 Maharashtra 3884.94 2715.67 6600.61 10801.93 3936.13 14738.06 14686.87 16 Manipur 299.66 56.38 356.04 469.70 294.97 764.67 769.36 351.35 1120.71 657.97 351.35 1009.31 17 Meghalaya 196.76 128.10 324.86 237.99 114.18 352.17 434.75 242.28 677.03 328.10 150.09 478.19 18 Mizoram 53.67 36.91 90.58 2126.44 759.06 2885.50 2180.11 795.97 2976.08 2063.41 795.97 19 Nagaland 150.62 80.00 230.62 632.29 545.00 1177.29 782.91 625.00 1407.91 769.59 20 Orissa 422.55 693.79 1116.34 2718.36 869.79 3588.15 3140.91 1563.58 4704.49 2631.29 21 Punjab 22 Rajasthan 23 Sikkim 24 Tamil Nadu 25 Tripura 26 Uttranchal 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 A & N Islands Chandigarh D & N Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi 34 5196.41 1041.43 405.27 1446.70 90.30 5181.16 563.36 315.59 878.95 85.50 4829.57 16662.49 10095.96 4449.78 14545.74 1736.96 379.79 2116.75 87.30 6651.80 21338.67 12797.30 4423.81 17221.11 1889.57 2227.99 4117.56 80.70 111.39 0.00 111.40 90.06 106.65 92.19 198.84 70.63 2859.38 116.70 0.00 116.70 96.08 530.41 1299.99 13.32 94.60 107.92 92.33 1542.21 4173.50 509.62 21.37 530.99 88.71 101.88 6060.11 847.37 522.78 1370.15 581.21 329.04 910.25 1428.58 851.82 2280.40 1609.99 713.22 2323.21 -181.41 138.60 -42.81 1328.56 1831.61 3160.17 3393.01 917.07 4310.08 4721.57 2748.68 7470.25 3824.96 2218.77 6043.73 896.61 529.91 1426.52 80.90 37.80 68.36 106.16 337.27 58.14 395.41 375.07 126.50 501.57 352.04 187.34 539.38 23.03 -60.84 -37.81 107.54 3268.38 4246.27 7514.65 7594.90 2265.73 6512.00 17375.28 9540.77 6252.04 15792.81 1322.51 259.97 1582.47 90.89 58.25 39.95 98.20 1401.98 550.11 1952.09 1460.23 590.06 2050.29 1409.66 457.23 1866.89 50.57 132.83 183.40 91.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 662.90 117.90 780.80 662.90 117.90 780.80 200.45 66.82 267.27 462.45 51.08 513.53 34.23 Uttar Pradesh 3112.79 4650.64 7763.43 18308.11 5891.81 24199.92 21420.90 10542.45 31963.35 19309.55 9904.77 29214.32 2111.35 637.68 2749.03 91.40 West Bengal 1035.93 1643.21 2679.14 5172.97 1724.45 6897.42 6208.90 3367.66 9576.56 6197.21 3054.56 9251.77 11.69 313.10 324.79 96.61 100.43 77.70 81.34 81.65 154.83 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 107.70 100.43 77.70 81.34 81.65 262.53 261.06 705.50 287.77 161.63 275.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 339.89 261.06 705.50 287.77 161.63 615.20 361.49 783.20 369.11 243.28 430.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 447.59 361.49 783.20 369.11 243.28 877.73 333.80 234.62 305.56 42.10 154.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 309.85 333.80 234.62 305.56 42.10 463.95 27.69 548.58 63.55 201.18 276.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 137.74 27.69 548.58 63.55 201.18 413.78 92.34 29.96 82.78 17.31 52.86 Pondicherry 85.83 173.30 259.13 950.65 194.11 1144.76 1036.48 367.41 1403.89 978.60 341.05 1319.65 57.88 26.36 84.24 TOTAL 25209 31004 56213 105658 39765 145423 130868 70769 201637 111946 60607 172554 18921 10161 29083 9860.63 10863.28 15 94.00 85.58
  • 16. PHYSICAL PROGRESS (CUMULATIVE) UNDER SJSRY SL. No. 1 States / UTs Andhra Pradesh COMMUNITY STRUCTURE (CS) No. of No. of No. of Beneficiaries Towns Town UPE identified Under Cell forned under CS CS (in lakhs) USEP No. of CDSs formed No. of towns BPL Survey Conducted UWEP No. of Beneficiaries assisted under USEP No. of COs Appointed No. of Persons Trained No. of Women Beneficiaries under DWCUAs No. of DWCUAs formed No. of Mandays Created (in lakhs) No. of T & Cs Formed 117 117 34.94 145 117 36 90777 51097 16131 54380 73872 89.59 17 4 0.01 8 17 82 442 314 6 75 6 12.05 87 122 110 13 148 68 87 122 75 0 117 68 0.90 12.02 3.82 1.57 14.00 9.41 87 122 90 13 192 265 87 122 75 13 149 68 7 122 55 9 251 0 7039 15429 10088 480 35734 17192 8864 4860 9474 996 50883 25635 120 2120 448 4 7203 396 225 19245 1142 30 194 3832 200 0 5524 1 1968 810 8.28 28.15 4.71 1.41 22.73 3.40 49 49 0.14 49 49 13 1649 3882 54 397 29 6.11 70 5 0.09 3 25 98 11384 20657 135 304 49 1.67 0 215 58 0 216 58 0.00 9.00 10.26 0 226 59 0 215 58 0 282 115 0 60562 18291 0 128363 40562 0 1661 1796 0 12520 16469 0 12752 8632 0.00 73.46 2.91 337 337 30.30 512 337 236 99626 105561 3529 9651 9949 29.46 247 28 6 22 11 103 133 183 46 719 13 63 624 126 237 28 6 3 8 102 131 0 1 719 13 50 624 126 14.44 4.60 0.44 0.55 1.45 9.46 10.57 23.51 0.00 40.06 0.49 0.04 56.23 58.20 868 32 5 3 11 0 177 0 0 763 13 71 1251 305 245 28 6 3 11 103 133 183 46 719 13 63 623 126 189 32 6 10 14 70 0 0 4 263 16 0 0 233 74803 0 1710 160 812 25189 8566 47014 479 28976 4270 812 130592 18686 158825 2506 1345 5369 2303 20127 14061 22774 1487 37974 12262 1414 122638 77900 5454 96 11 337 179 1789 48 304 12 6342 109 2 3363 319 31538 0 1 0 2982 12237 220 1027 0 14353 1840 20 9732 1404 22014 88 1 30 370 2102 106 432 20 15865 156 23 8437 11995 36.92 5.24 1.83 15.38 2.27 23.66 5.09 23.15 3.58 64.37 5.37 0.07 68.99 36.39 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal 29 A & N Islands 1 1 0.01 1 1 1 47 0 10 0 4 5.55 30 Chandigarh 1 1 0.21 8 1 3 252 3154 7 23 34 0.00 31 D & N Haveli 2 0 0.00 0 2 0 67 219 5 0 1 0.94 32 Daman & Diu 2 2 0.04 1 2 1 68 0 0 0 0 0.04 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 33 34 Delhi Pondicherry 9 5 1 1 12.23 1.81 198 7 0 5 0 11 1124 1748 2570 9743 47 362 58 3089 16 56 1070 0.00 4.09
  • 17. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Financial Progress: Year-wise central release of funds (Rs. In crores) under SJSRY from 1997-98 onwards is as under: 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 98.63 158.47 118.77 85.13 38.31 100.92 100.74 122.01 155.88 Cumulative Financial Progress - Rs. Lakhs Total opening balance as on 01.12.97 Total fund released (1997-2007) Total fund available Total expenditure reported Unspent fund Percentage of expenditure 56213.91 145423.98 201637.88 172554.40 29083.48 85.58% 17
  • 18. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) Physical Progress: USEP No of beneficiaries No of persons trained No of DWCUA's formed No of women beneficiaries under DWCUA No of T&C's formed UWEP No of man days created (in lakhs) Community Structures (CS) 714068 947819 52399 196988 176596 586.86 No of Towns under CS 3755 No of town UPE cell formed 3309 No of beneficiaries identified under CS(in lakhs) 337.4 No of CDS formed No of towns BPL survey conducted No of COs appointed 5485 3645 2159 18
  • 19. CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES AND PROGRAMS IN INDIA • Swarnajayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY), 1997. • Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY), 2001. • Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), 2005. • Twenty Point Programme, 2006. 19
  • 20. Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY) • Launched on 15.08.2001 • Funded on 50:50 basis between the Centre and State. Financial and Physical Progress: Year Allocation (Rs. in Lakhs) 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 Total 6900.00 25685.01 23850.00 28058.00 24900.00 109393.01 GOI subsidy released (Rs. in Lakhs) 7356.000 21835.030 23854.600 26941.161 16713.420 96700.211 GOI Subsidy refunded (Rs. in Lakhs) Net Releases (34) (Rs. in Lakhs) 488.650 2505.745 39.035 0.000 311.600 3345.030 6867.350 19329.285 23815.565 26941.161 16401.820 93355.181 No. of Dwelling Units targeted for construction/ up gradation 25150 105449 108160 112143 89772 440674 No. of Toilet Seats targeted for construction 4342 21393 3090 35086 1420 65331 20
  • 21. Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY) • VAMBAY and the discontinued National Slum Development Programme (NSDP) have been subsumed in a new scheme called Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) along with JnNURM. • IHSDP aims at having an integrated approach to ameliorate the conditions of the urban slum dwellers, who do not possess adequate shelter and reside in dilapidated conditions. • IHSDP is funded on 80:20 bases between Central Government and State Government/ULB/Parastatals and 90:10 basis between Central Government and Special category States. • The scheme is applicable to all cities and towns as per 2001 Census except cities/towns covered under JNNURM. 21
  • 22. CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES AND PROGRAMS IN INDIA • Swarnajayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY), 1997. • Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY), 2001. • Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), 2005. • Twenty Point Programme, 2006. 22
  • 23. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) • Launched on 03.12.2005 • Sub-Mission for Urban Infrastructure and Governance: This will be administered by the Ministry of Urban Development through the SubMission Directorate for Urban Infrastructure and Governance. The main thrust of the Sub-Mission will be on infrastructure projects relating to water supply and sanitation, sewerage, solid waste management, road network, urban transport and redevelopment of old city areas with a view to upgrading infrastructure therein, shifting industrial and commercial establishments to conforming areas, etc. • Sub-Mission for Basic Services to the Urban Poor: This will be administered by the Ministry of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation through the Sub-Mission Directorate for Basic Services to the Urban Poor. The main thrust of the Sub-Mission will be on integrated development of slums through projects for providing shelter, basic services and other related civic amenities with a view to providing utilities to the urban poor. 23
  • 24. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) • The share of grant funding by the central government can vary from 35% in the largest cities to up to 90% in cities in the Northeast. Most cities receive grants covering 50% or 80% of costs depending on size. • Currently, ten projects are covered by JNNURM funds pertaining to road network, storm water drains, bus rapid transit system, water supply, solid waste management, sewage treatment, river and lake improvement, slum improvement and rehabilitation etc. Financial and Physical Progress: Mission cities Projects approved Total no of dwelling units approved Total project cost approved (Rs. Crores) Total central share approved Total state share approved 1st instalment sanctioned 2nd instalment sanctioned 3rd instalment sanctioned 4th instalment sanctioned 65 525 1003754 29770.71 14700.24 15056.17 3689.58 2875.03 1993.29 1225.52 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. 26
  • 27. CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES AND PROGRAMS IN INDIA • Swarnajayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY), 1997. • Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY), 2001. • Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM), 2005. • Twenty Point Programme, 2006. 27
  • 28. Twenty Point Programme (TPP) • TPP was launched by the Government of India in 1975. The Programme was first revised in 1982 and again in 1986. The Twenty Point Programme 1986 has been restructured in conformity with the priorities of the Government as contained in the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations and the SAARC Social Charter. The restructured Programme was called Twenty Point Programme – 2006. • Launched on 01.04.2007 • TPP – 2006 consists of 20 points and 66 monitor able items. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) is the nodal Ministry for the following three points: – Garibi Hatao (Poverty Eradication) – Subke Liye Awas (Housing For All) – Basti Sudhar (Improvement Of Slums) 28
  • 29. Twenty Point Programme (TPP) Garibi Hatao (Poverty Eradication): • The eradication of poverty has been an integral component of the strategy for economic development in India. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation of basic needs, poor health, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. • Providing employment is the most important method of eradicating poverty. To deal with urban poverty “Swaran jayanti Sehhari Rojgar Yojana” has been identified. Physical Progress under SJSRY component No of beneficiaries under USEP - loan and subsidy 876816 Women beneficiaries under DWCUA group 281158 No of beneficiaries under USEP - skill training 1256282 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. Twenty Point Programme (TPP) Subke Liye Awas (Housing For All): • The Government is committed to a comprehensive programme for Urban renewal and to massive expansion of housing in town and cities and also housing for weaker section in rural areas. The Point Subke Liya Aawas has the item - EWS/LIG Houses in Urban areas. • To deal with the problem of houses for economically weaker sections and low income groups in urban areas, the items “EWS/LIG Houses in Urban areas” has been included. EWS/LIG Houses Constructed in Urban Areas Target 2008-09 119504 Target April 2008 to December 2008 89573 Achievement April 2008 to December 2008 34841 Percentage Achievement April 2008 to December 2008 39% 31
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  • 33. Twenty Point Programme (TPP) Basti Sudhar (Improvement Of Slums): • Slums grow as a result of structural inequities in the development of the urban sector. Due to the high price of land and housing and low purchasing power, the urban poor are forced to join the existing slums for cheap shelter or to occupy any vacant land/areas wherever available in the city. • With a view to paying particular attention to the needs of slum dwellers the Point titled Basti Sudhar will monitor number of urban poor families assisted under the seven point charter viz. land tenure, housing at affordable cost, water, sanitation, health, education and social security. No of Urban Families Assisted under Seven Point Charter Target 2008-09 84502 Target April 2008 to December 2008 63348 Achievement April 2008 to December 2008 19519 Percentage Achievement April 2008 to December 2008 31% 33
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  • 35. CONCLUSION • Basic Services to the Urban Poor, is an essential component of any poverty alleviation strategy. • The Urban Poverty Alleviation/Eradication Programme of the Government has recognized many of the inter-related problems associated with poverty. • The national programme recognizes that the needs of women and children must be an integral part of the national strategy, with women's participation forming the framework for concerted action. • In project cities and communities, with neighbourhood groups moving towards self-reliant action, dramatic improvements have been seen in health and education indicators, with the communities and families themselves taking greater responsibility than earlier, with government playing a facilitating role. • Related improvements in community environments; increased employment opportunities, and efficient means of thrift and savings has resulted in credit systems which can now reach the poorest enabling them to directly improve their homes and settlements. 35
  • 36. CONCLUSION • While millions more need to be reached, indications are that a solid foundation is in place demonstrating on a large scale the positive potential of the poverty alleviation strategy. • It is hoped that these inter-related themes will be a part of the National Action Plans and will be considered integral to settlements planning for the future. • We can then come closer to realizing locally and in the cities as a whole, the global goals set forth. 36
  • 37. REFERENCES • http://india.gov.in/official-website-ministry-housing-and-urban-povertyalleviation-0 • http://mhupa.gov.in/programs/housing/twenty_point.htm • http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/hud/wg_Fin al_Urb_Pvt.pdf • http://ideas.repec.org/a/icf/icfjme/v04y2006i3p79-89.html • http://jnnurm.nic.in • web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTURBANDEVEL OPMENT/EXTURBANPOVERTY • http://www.niua.org/publications/working_papers/nakul_ruchira_urban_po verty.pdf • Picture courtesy: Google images and MHUPA website 37
  • 38. THANK YOU 38