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Dpc & mpc

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    Dpc & mpc Dpc & mpc Presentation Transcript

    • DISTRICT PLANNING COMMITTEE & METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE
    • DISTRICT PLANNING COMMITTEE
    • INTRODUCTION • District Planning Committee (DPC) is the committee created as per article 243ZD of the Constitution of India at the district level for planning at the district and below. • The Committee in each district should consolidate the plans prepared by the Panchayats and the Municipalities in the district and prepare a draft development plan for the district. • The Government of Karnataka amended the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act to incorporate the provisions of District Planning Committees (DPCs) as provided in the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts (CAA). • Provisions were made to establish DPCs in all the districts of the State as per section 310 of the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act. • The Government has issued a circular No. RDP ZPS 2000 dated 12-4-2001 describing the roles and responsibilities of DPCs. 3
    • ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF DPC • 20% of the size of DPC - consists of members of the house of the people and members of the council of states representing the district, chairperson of Zilla Panchayat and mayor or president of the district head quarter municipal body. • 80% of the size of DPC - to be elected from among the members of the Zilla/Taluk/Gram Panchayats and Municipal Bodies in proportion of rural and urban areas of the district. • The Zilla Panchayat president is the chairperson of the DPC and Mayor/President of the head quarter municipality is its vice-chairperson. 4
    • FUNCTIONS OF DPC • To prepare 20 years perspective plan, mission and vision for the district based on the study of the existing problems and growth potential of both the rural and urban areas of the district. • To prepare 5 Years development plans based on the above perspective plan. • To prepare annual plans. • To prepare projects/schemes and evaluation of the implementation of plan program. • To co-ordinate in planning and related matters between the rural and urban local bodies on consensus building for the overall development of the district. • To conduct expert studies in this direction. • To promote innovative strategies and administrative arrangements. 5
    • AS PER THE GUIDELINES • The DPC has to conduct meetings regularly once in every three months. • To implement the resolutions of the DPC, a separate subcommittee is required to be formed under the supervision of the chief planning officer. This committee would work under the chief executive officer of the Zilla Panchayat. • A separate urban unit has to be formed to prepare and implement plans for all the 18 functions given to ULBs under 74th CAA. • To seek the professional support of experts and agencies, and also conduct special studies and research for not only to prepare the plans but also to assess the impact of plan implementation. • Expert Committee for each core area such as health and sanitation, water supply, poverty alleviation, infrastructure services, etc., need to be set up. • The members of the expert committees shall be drawn from town planning department, all the district level officers, NGOs, private firms and the elected members. 6
    • FINANCIAL RESOURCES OF DPC • The two types of finances for local bodies are internal and external resources. • The internal resources are generated from taxation, fees, charges and penalties etc. • The external resources are from Finance Commission/special grants, subsidies, government schemes, loans etc. The funds are mainly available through annual contribution from the rural and urban local bodies as given in the table. Local Body Gram Panchayat Taluk Panchayat Zilla Panchayat Town Panchayat TMC CMC City Corporations Annual Contribution (Rs.) 5,000/25,000/2,00,000/7,500/25,000/1,00,000/2,00,000/7
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA State DPC Functions as listed in State Act Karnataka RDP-229ZPS 2000, Dated 12th April, 2001 1. Prepare and update atleast once in five years, a perspective plan for the development of the district defining the goals of development in each sector and outlining the strategy to be followed for the development of each sector with reference to the local conditions. Perspective plans may also be prepared with Taluk as a unit for the rural areas and town/city as the unit for the urban areas. 2. Guide the local bodies to ensure that the widest possible consultation and discussions precede the preparation of the annual and five year plans by the local bodies. 3.Commission studies and organize seminars, workshops etc on matters like the status of indicators like enrollment and drop-out rates in primary schools, extent and quality of road lengthavailability of safe drinking water, health indicators like infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, incidence of AIDS, malaria etc. 4. Evaluation of progress in various sectors and schemes from time to time. 5. Physical integration of the plans of rural and urban local bodies with the elements of the State Plan that are physically implemented within the geographical confines of the district. Assistance from Institutions / organizations / experts 1. May utilize the services of individual experts, academic institutions and research organizations in the preparation of perspective plans, conducting special sectoral studies and in carrying out evaluation of plan programmes. 2. A technical support group may be constituted in each district to assist the DPC in preparing the vision document. 3. The DPC may fund innovative development programme formulated by various departments or the NGOs on the pilot basis. 8
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA • The DPCs in Karnataka were constituted quite early as compared to other states – they were constituted in 2002. However, since then the DPC in Mandya has met only thrice while the Mysore DPC has met 4 times. • The five year plans for the districts have not been prepared by them. Financial contributions from all local bodies have also been irregular and only partly received. • The only function that the DPCs have performed is approval of annual budgets of the rural and urban local bodies in the district. • Mysore DPC constituted several committees – on agriculture, poverty alleviation, health, education, social justice, infrastructure services and administration. • These committees are working towards preparation of 20 year perspective plan for their respective sectors. No such effort has taken place in 9 Mandya.
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA • A major limiting factor has been lack of planning skills among the members. Effective convergence of rural and urban bodies as well as line departments for integrated planning is also not visible. • The members have voiced the need for support staff and regular financial inflow for the DPC, the absence of which is an inhibiting factor in the performance of the mandated functions by the Committees. • Functioning of DPCs is satisfactory. The planning at present takes place in a disjointed approach in the urban and rural areas. For instance, the projects of water supply, roads, schools, or hospitals etc., are implemented by the respective municipalities or the grama sabhas. • At present, not much co-ordination is visible. There is a need for coordination of mutual sharing of amenities. This could be done by the DPC at the time of preparation and implementation of new plans. The individual municipalities or the rural local bodies could request the DPC to co-ordinate the common issues that could effectively solve conflicts and enable them to share resources with mediation of DPC. 10
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA • The DPC is constituted with elected members and all of them need basic training. There is a need for orientation on planning and why and how the short term, medium term and long term plans are prepared and implemented. • The objectives and roles of the DPC and its members need to be made clear. • The local bodies have to evolve strict measures to collect internal resources. The resources generated internally and externally should be enough to meet the local plan implementation. But at present, internal resources collected by them are not sufficient. External resources are not adequate and dependent on the state and central government or external agencies. • The expert committee members drawn from the departments and NGOs including the elected members need basic training in the integrated action 11 planning, medium term planning and long term planning.
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA • Training in planning for social, financial, spatial/physical, economic etc., need to be given to all the experts and elected members of DPC. • DPC is concentrating more on the matters of individual projects and schemes of rural development. Focus should be to prepare the medium and long term plans within which the annual plans are to be chalked out for both rural and urban areas. • The expert sub committees have been formed in Mysore. But they are yet to prepare the plans. These sub committees are to be legalized and adequate legislative binding need to be placed over them in order to make them prepare and implement plans. • The DPC need to be strengthened with adequate technical and managerial and financial support from the town planning, engineering, financial, economic and social and all other departments of the government. • It is observed that the ULBs and the rural local bodies are preparing their own annual plans without considering the medium and long term vision and overall integrated development, which are just placed before the DPC for customary approval. This needs to be reviewed in the context of the 12 DPC’s role.
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA • Each subcommittee should have experts such as planner, financial expert, economist, engineer, developmental expert, socialists, NGO representative, representatives from private firms and all the related departmental experts. • The training should be tailor made in two phases, first phase training is on the planning process and preparatory work for the different plans, and the second phase training could be after a gap of 3 months on preparation of plans based on the data and preparatory work the members have carried out. Once the plan is prepared by the DPC, implementation plan is to be prepared. The long term plan is sum total of medium plans and short term action plans. • The focus should be on implementation and monitoring, and monitoring has to be constantly done to review and modify the implementation process to get the desired output. 13
    • STATUS OF DPCs IN KARNATAKA • At present the representation of urban local bodies in DPC is negligible. There are only three to five members. It is essential to give equal thrust to urban areas as they could act as engines of rural development. • The PURA (Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) concept and scheme needs to be fully integrated into the medium and long term plan of the district. • All the central and state government schemes and projects meant for the rural and urban areas have to be scanned and brought under one roof so that these schemes are implemented in an integrated manner to achieve the long term objective of the district development plan. • The district Officers is to be made responsible to implement the plan as per the time schedule of the plan implementation. 14
    • METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE
    • CONSTITUTION OF INDIA As per article 243ZE, Part 9A of Constitution of India: • There shall be constituted in every Metropolitan area a Metropolitan Planning Committee to prepare a draft development plan for the Metropolitan area as a whole. • The Legislature of a State may, by law, make provision with respect to– The composition of the Metropolitan Planning Committees; – The manner in which the seats in such Committees shall be filled: Provided that not less than two-thirds of the members of such Committee shall be elected by, and from amongst, the elected members of the Municipalities and Chairpersons of the Panchayats in the Metropolitan area in proportion to the ratio between the population of the Municipalities and of the Panchayats in that area; – The representation in such Committees of the Government of India and the Government of the State and of such organisations and institutions as may be deemed necessary for carrying out the functions assigned to such Committees; – The functions relating to planning and coordination for the Metropolitan area which may be assigned to such Committees; – The manner in which the Chairpersons of such Committees shall be chosen. 16
    • CONSTITUTION OF INDIA As per article 243ZE, Part 9A of Constitution of India: • Every Metropolitan Planning Committee shall, in preparing the draft development plan, - have regard to– the plans prepared by the Municipalities and the Panchayats in the Metropolitan area; – matters of common interest between the Municipalities and the Panchayats, including coordinated spatial planning of the area, sharing of water and other physical and natural resources, the integrated development of infrastructure and environmental conservation; – the overall objectives and priorities set by the Government of India and the Government of the State; – the extent and nature of investments likely to be made in the Metropolitan area by agencies of the Government of India and of the Government of the State and other available resources whether financial or otherwise; • Consult such institutions and organisations as the Governor may, by order, specify. • The Chairperson of every Metropolitan Planning Committee shall forward the development plan, as recommended by such Committee, to the 17 Government of the State.
    • MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS ACT The Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, Article 503B, stipulates that: • The Metropolitan Planning Committee shall consist of thirty persons of which: – such number of persons, not being less than two-thirds of the members of the Committee, as may be specified by the Government shall be elected in the prescribed manner by, from amongst, the elected members of the corporations, the Municipal Councils and town Panchayats and the Adhyakshas and Upadhyakshas of Zilla Panchayats, Taluk Panchayats and Grama Panchayats in the Metropolitian area in proportion to the ration between the population of the city and other municipal area and that of the areas in the jurisdiction of Zilla Panchayat, Taluk Panchayat and Grama Panchayat. – Such number of representatives of the Government of India and the State Government as may be determined by the State Government and nominated by the Government of India or as the case may be, the State Government – Such organizations and institutions as may be deemed necessary for carrying out of functions assigned to the committee, nominated by the State Government 18
    • MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS ACT The Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, Article 503B, stipulates that: • All the members of the House of the People and the State Legislative Assembly whose constituencies lie within the Metropolitan area and the members of the Council of State and the State Legislative Council who are registered as electors in such area shall be permanent invitees of the Committees. • The Commissioner of BDA shall be the Secretary of the Committee • The Chairman of the Metropolitan Planning Committee shall be chosen in such manner as may be prescribed. 19
    • METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE ACT Karnataka Metropolitan Planning Committee Act, 2009: • An Act to provide for the constitution of Metropolitan Planning Committee/s in Karnataka, for the purpose of preparation of draft development plan for the ‘Metropolitan Areas’ , declared as such. • Whereas it is expedient to provide for the constitution of Metropolitan Planning Committee,/s in every ‘Metropolitan Area’ declared as such, in Karnataka State for preparation of draft Development Plan for the relevant Metropolitan Area, so declared. • It is hereby enacted in the 59th year of the Republic of India, by the Legislature of Karnataka. 20
    • METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE ACT Karnataka Metropolitan Planning Committee Act, 2009: • The “Metropolitan Planning Committee” shall in preparing the draft development plan – – may co-relate with not only to the Plans of village Panchayat, Nagar Panchayat, Municipalities, Corporation as the case may be, which are immediately adjacent to the’ Metropolitan Area’ ; and – have regard to the plan/s prepared by the Municipalities and the Panchayats in the Metropolitan area, if any; • Matters of common interest between the Municipalities and the Panchayats regarding – – – – – – co-ordinated spatial planning of the areas, Sharing of water; Other physical and natural resources; the integrated development of infrastructure and environmental conservation; Overall objectives and priorities set by the Government of India and the State Government; 21
    • METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE ACT Karnataka Metropolitan Planning Committee Act, 2009: • Matters of common interest between the Municipalities and the Panchayats regarding – – the extent and nature of investments likely to be made in the Metropolitan area by agencies of the Government of India & the State Government; – Consult such institutions and organizations, in this regard, as the Governor may specify by order. – The committee shall also take into consideration that the planning aspects does not contradict or conflict with Laws enacted by the State Legislature and the Parliament in general and with local laws applicable in the Metropolitan area; – Village, Town or Urban planning Schemes, Preparation of Town Plans , Layout plans, Building bye-laws as the case may be, in the Metropolitanarea, Municipal Corporation/Committees; – approval of residential colonies. security and scrutiny for environmental point of view of ‘NOC’ cases , concerning ,cinema sites, petrol pump sites, brick kiln sites, Housing colonies/Apartments, and other land use establishment; 22
    • METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE ACT Karnataka Metropolitan Planning Committee Act, 2009: • Matters of common interest between the Municipalities and the Panchayats regarding – – scrutiny of land acquisition proposals; scrutiny of land ceiling cases; scrutiny of building applications of local bodies and Urban Estate Department; programs of integrated urban development of cities and towns; – Preparation of Development Schemes; – Preparation of Five – Year Integrated Urban Development Plans; – Preparation of Master Water Supply Schemes and Master Sewerage Schemes; – Planning/proposals for regulations for Building Lines, Control Lines, Road margins; – Retention Dams to prevent flooding, mini hydel plants, 23
    • DRAFT PLAN - MUNICIPALITIES The draft planning may consist in respect of Municipalities within the Metropolitan area, aspects of: • • • • • • • • Urban Planning including Town Planning; Regulation of land use and construction of buildings; Planning for economic and social development; Planning for Roads and Bridges; Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes; Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management; Fire services; Urban Forestry, Protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects; • Safeguarding the interest of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded; 24
    • DRAFT PLAN - MUNICIPALITIES The draft planning may consist in respect of Municipalities within the Metropolitan area, aspects of: • Slum improvement and up gradation; • Urban Poverty alleviation; • provision of urban amenities and facilities such as Parks, Gardens, Playgrounds; • Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects; • Burials & Burial grounds, Cremations, cremation grounds and electric crematoriums; • Cattle Pounds, prevention of cruelty to animals; • Statistics including the Registration of births and deaths; • Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops, and public conveniences; • Regulation of slaughter house and tanneries; 25
    • DRAFT PLAN – VILLAGE PANCHAYATS The draft plan in respect of Village Panchayats in the Metropolitan Area may consist on aspects of: • agriculture & agricultural extension, • Land improvement, implementation of Land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation; • Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development; • Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry; • Fisheries; • Social Forestry and farm forestry; • Minor forest produce; • Small scale industries including food processing industries, • Khadi, village & cottage industries; • Rural Housing; • Drinking water; • Fuel & fodder; 26 • Cultural activities;
    • DRAFT PLAN – VILLAGE PANCHAYATS The draft plan in respect of Village Panchayats in the Metropolitan Area may consist on aspects of: • Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways and other means of communication; • Rural electrification including distribution of electricity; • non-conventional energy sources; • poverty alleviation programme; • education including primary and secondary schools; • Technical training & vocational education; • Adult & non formal education; • Libraries; • Markets & fairs; • Health and sanitation including hospitals, primary health centre and dispensaries; • Family welfare - Women & child development and Social welfare including 27 welfare of the handicapped & mentally retarded;
    • THE MPC SHALL • Publish the draft plan, in the offices of the local authorities in the Metropolitan area; for a period of 15 days; • Suggestion/Communications received by the Secretary, in this regard shall be registered, tabulated and presented to the Committee. • The Committee shall consider all the suggestions and make such modifications in the plan as may be decided; the reasons for such of the suggestions not being implemented shall be recorded. • The Chairman of the Metropolitan Planning Committee shall forward the draft plan to the State Government. • Thereafter, all developments and implementation s of the Municipalities and the Nagar Panchayats , City Corporations , in the Metropolitan area, shall conform to the draft plan. 28
    • FUNDS OF MPC • The metropolitan Planning Committee shall maintain a Fund for its activities. All Receipts and Payments of the Committee shall be charged to the Fund; • The Chairperson of the Metropolitan Planning Committee shall cause maintenance of necessary books of accounts. • The Chairperson shall forward the bi-annual Accounts to the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Area; • The Commissioner, Metropolitan Area, shall transfer to the Metropolitan Planning Committee Fund, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out its activities; • The Funds of the Metropolitan Planning Committee shall be met out of the resources of ‘Metropolitan Area’, in proportion to the ratio of the area of Panchayat, Nagar Panchayat, Municipality, Municipal Corporation, respectively as the case may be, within the Metropolitan Area. 29
    • FUNCTIONS OF MPC As per 74th Constitution Amendment Act legislature of the State may, by Law, make provisions regarding functions relating to planning and coordination for the metropolitan area which may be assigned to MPC. Accordingly, it is suggested that the following functions may be assigned to MPCs: • Preparation of Draft Development Plan for Metropolitan Area • Coordination of plans prepared by the Municipalities and Panchayats in the Metro area including coordinated spatial planning of the area. • Co-ordination and sorting out of common issues involving Panchayats and Municipalities in the metro area including sharing of water and other physical and natural resources. • Allocation of resources made available by the state and central government to local level institutions. 30
    • FUNCTIONS OF MPC • Phasing and prioritization of development works or works involving number of Panchayats or urban area. • Advice and assistance to local bodies in preparation of development plans. • Serving as a link to disseminate development objectives, policies and priorities of Central and State Governments among various local bodies by formulating operational guidelines so that the same may be considered while preparing plans of the respective local bodies. • Resolution of conflicts and to avoid areas of overlap between different agencies operating in the metropolitan area. 31
    • STATUS OF MPC IN KARNATAKA • The State government has begun the process of constituting the muchdelayed Metropolitan Planning Committee (MPC) for Bangalore. Under the 74th amendment of the Constitution, MPC is mandatory for a city with a population of more than 10 lakh. Bangalore is home to over 85 lakh (as per census 2011). • Though an enabling law was passed by the Government in 1994, the committee did not come into existence. • As a first step, the government has taken the initiative of amending the Karnataka Municipal Corporations (Amendment) Act, 1994, to repeal Section 45 of the Act which specified that the Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA) would have to be dissolved once the MPC is constituted. • The then government had felt the BMRDA could be scrapped once the MPC was formed. 32
    • STATUS OF MPC IN KARNATAKA • However, an expert committee headed by K.Kasturirangan, constituted to review the institutional situation in the metropolitan region, thought otherwise. The committee in its recommendation submitted in 2008 proposed extensive responsibilities in the expanded BBMP as well as retaining BMRDA. • The amendment bill to retain BMRDA even after the constitution of the MPC will be taken up for consideration in the next legislature session. • However, the government is likely to notify only Bangalore Urban revenue district as the metropolitan area deviating from recommendations of the Kasturirangan Committee, which specified that besides Bangalore Urban, the districts of Bangalore Rural and Ramanagara be brought under MPC. • This means the MPC will have BBMP, Anekal Town Municipal Council and 110 gram panchayats in the four taluks of Bangalore Urban in its jurisdiction. • The government, at the same time, has decided to put its ambitious proposal of having Bangalore Metropolitan Region governance legislation on the back burner at least for the time being. 33
    • STATUS OF MPC IN KARNATAKA • The proposed legislation is to create an overarching council which would plan and supervise the development of the Bangalore Metropolitan Region. • Once the amendment bill to retain BMRDA was passed by the legislature, the process of constituting the MPC could be simultaneously taken up. • Two-third of the members of the MPC shall be elected from among members of the corporation, municipalities and president and vicepresidents of zilla, taluk and gram panchayats in the metropolitan area. Besides, the State government can nominate experts to the committee. • The main aim of constituting the MPC is to bring all stakeholders involved in urban development on a single platform. • The MPC will also have to prepare a development plan, for instance the Master Plan for Bangalore, indicating vision and strategy for integrated and co-ordinated development of metropolitan area. • These tasks, at present, are usually outsourced to the third parties and except for calling for objections from the public, there is not much transparency while finalising zoning in the master plan. 34
    • REFERENCES • civicspace.in/sites/default/files/attachments/Study on Setting up a Metropolitan Planning Committee for Bangalore-20.09.09-1-f.pdf • www.civicspace.in/sites/default/files/attachments/Suggested Draft Bill on a Metropolitan Planning Committee for Bangalore-2009-1-f.pdf • Metropolitan plan panel for City taking shape • http://www.bmrda.kar.nic.in/bmrdact.htm • http://mumbaisuburban.gov.in/html/district_planning_committee.htm • District planning committees in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia THANK YOU 35