Sets
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Sets

on

  • 919 views

helps you to understand the definition of sets.......and other datas

helps you to understand the definition of sets.......and other datas

Statistics

Views

Total Views
919
Views on SlideShare
919
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
72
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Sets Sets Presentation Transcript

  • SETS A = {1, 3, 2, 5} n(A) = | A | = 4 Sets use “curly” brackets The number of elements in Set A is 4 Sets are denoted by Capital letters A3∈ A7∉ 3 is an element of A 7 is not an element of A
  • A set is a distinct collection of objects. The objects are called elements. {1, 2, 3, 4} = {2, 3, 1, 4} Order does not matter. If a set contains the same elements as another set, the sets are equal. {1, 3, 2, 3, 5, 2} We never repeat elements in a set.{1, 3, 2, 5} This symbol means "is a subset of" This is read "A is a subset of B".A ⊂ B A = {1, 2, 3} B = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} {1, 2, 3, 5} In ascending order
  • If a set doesn't contain any elements it is called the empty set or the null set. It is denoted by ∅ or { }. NOT {∅}  It is agreed that the empty set is a subset of all other sets so: where is any set.A A∅ ⊆ List all of the subsets of {1, 2, 3}. ∅ Notice the empty set is NOT in set brackets. {1} {2} {3} {1, 2} {1, 3} {2, 3} {1, 2, 3} A⊂∅
  • ? Number of Elements in Set Possible Subsets Total Number of Possible Subsets 1. {A} {A} ∅ 2 2. {A , B} {A , B} {A} {B} ∅ 4 3. {A , B , C} {A , B , C} {A , B} {A , C} {B , C} {A} {B} {C} ∅ 8 4. {A , B , C, D} {A , B , C , D} {A , B , C} {A , B , D} {A , C , D} {B , C , D} {A , B} {A , C} {A , D} {A , B} …… {D} ∅ 16 The number of possible subsets of a set of size n is ?2n
  • A ∪ B This is the union symbol. It means the set that consists of all elements of set A and all elements of set B. = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9} Remember we do not list elements more than once. A ∩ B This is the intersect symbol. It means the set containing all elements that are in both A and B. = {1, 3, 5} A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} B = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}
  • These sets can be visualized with circles in what is called a Venn Diagram. A ∪ B A B Everything that is in A or B. A B A ∩ B Everything that is in A AND B. A B
  • Often will have a set that contains all elements that we wish to consider. This is called the universal set. All other sets are subsets of this set. Universal Set A B A ∩ B = ∅ There are no elements in both A and B. When this is the case they are called disjoint sets. A This means the complement of A, and means the set of all elements in the universal set that are not in A. A A
  • 100 people were surveyed. 52 people in a survey owned a cat. 36 people owned a dog. 24 did not own a dog or cat. Draw a Venn diagram. universal set is 100 people surveyed C D Set C is the cat owners and Set D is the dog owners. The sets are NOT disjoint. Some people could own both a dog and a cat. 24 Since 24 did not own a dog or cat, there must be 76 that do. n(C ∪ D) = 76 This n means the number of elements in the set 52 + 36 = 88 so there must be 88 - 76 = 12 people that own both a dog and a cat. 12 40 24 Counting Formula: n(A ∪ B) = n(A) + n(B) - n(A ∩ B)