Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
OPEN SOURCE: THE NEXT BIG THING IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO DEVELOPING NATIONS
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

OPEN SOURCE: THE NEXT BIG THING IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO DEVELOPING NATIONS

752
views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
752
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • FOS should be one of the least expensive and most effective solutions for technology and knowledge transfer to developing nations.
  • Transcript

    • 1. OPEN SOURCE: THE NEXT BIG THING IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO DEVELOPING NATIONS JAMIL ALKHATIB : Handasa Arabia MOHAB ANIS : ECE Dept., University of Waterloo HAMID NOORI : School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University
    • 2. Outline
      • Introduction
      • Technology Transfer (TT) in Developing Nations
      • Free Open Source (FOS)
      • FOS TT vs. other TT Approaches
      • Advantages of FOS TT to Developing Nations
    • 3. Tech. Transfer Problems in Developing Nations
      • Asymmetric Information Dilemma
      • Market Power and incentive demands
      • Free Movement of People
      • Intellectual property rights
      • No focus on customization for local needs
      • Absence of investment in Technology
      • Current main TT approaches:
        • Machinery purchasing
        • No customization to the local needs
    • 4. Technology Transfer Market A substantial part of technology transfer occurs outside the technology transfer market itself. That is technical knowledge spreads internationally by noncommercial forms means, and it may even be transmitted free of charge . (UNIDO, 1996)
    • 5. Free Open Source
      • The source code must be freely available
      • Free to use for any purpose
      • Free to modify and to customize
      • Free to redistribute
      • Free to create derivative work
      • Free to join the development and cooperation
      • Applied to Software, Contents, Hardware and Courses
    • 6. Effective Technology Transfer
      • Diffusion of technology and knowledge through human activities
      • Direct communication between the technology developers and users
      • Communication channel is not affected by noise caused from legal issues
    • 7. TT Approaches Comparison
    • 8. FOS TT for Developing Nations
      • Cost advantage
          • low adoption costs
          • low technology acquisition costs
          • low technology development costs
      • No IP Rights Barriers
      • Availability of Information with recognition
      • Better utilization of Expatriates
      • No Bureaucracy Barriers for Adoption & Planning
    • 9. Recommendations
      • Governments must define policies and plans to support the introduction of FOS concepts
      • Give it to the community and leave it decide how it will go on
    • 10. Thank you
    • 11. Incentives
      • Social Factors (Intrinsic)
        • Knowledge sharing
        • Satisfaction of achieving something valuable
        • Professional reputation and recognition among peers
        • Learning and improving personal skills
        • Group problem solving
        • Challenge proprietary software
        • Sense of belonging to the community
        • Enjoyment of developing projects
      • Economic Factors (Extrinsic)
        • Control the costs of software licensing and upgrades
        • Control and increase the access to intellectual properties
        • Reduce the reliance on proprietary software
        • Promote software use in the public sectors
      • Open Source Business Models

    ×