Open Source Hardware

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Introduction to Open Source Hardware

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Open Source Hardware

  1. 1. Open Source Hardware Jamil Khatib Birzeit University 18.04.2007
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Open Hardware concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers & Difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Business models </li></ul><ul><li>Open Hardware for developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Handasa Arabia organization </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
  3. 3. Open Hardware Definition <ul><li>Availability of information needed to reproduce the design/device </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HDL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schematics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PCB </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concept of operation </li></ul><ul><li>Testing, verification & Models </li></ul><ul><li>Interfaces and interconnections </li></ul><ul><li>Software drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Production and fabrication </li></ul>
  4. 4. Advantages for developing countries <ul><li>Knowledge transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Cost reduction of design process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation & Cost distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explore and encourage innovators </li></ul><ul><li>Different point of views (Market, developers, users, etc) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Barriers <ul><li>EDA design software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source EDA software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HDL languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation on PLDs (Programmable chips ( </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test and measurements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online test and measurement devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared (online) labs </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Intellectual Property (Protection) <ul><li>Copyrights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HDLs & schematics (The description) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration process </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Problems in Arab world <ul><li>Lack of technical expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of industrial R&D activities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of cooperation between the industry and the universities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of cooperation between universities </li></ul>
  8. 8. Business Models <ul><li>Design distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenTech </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ASICS.ws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flextronics </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. OpenTech Package <ul><li>10 CDs </li></ul><ul><li>More than 300 Electronics design software </li></ul><ul><li>More than 350 Hardware designs </li></ul><ul><li>More than 5 free books & tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>More than 650 sold CDROMs </li></ul>
  10. 10. Advantages to Local Unis <ul><li>New source of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Share the development </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback & support </li></ul><ul><li>Source of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Show the prodcuts/projects of the university </li></ul><ul><li>Free tools and Designs to build upon (Complete system) </li></ul><ul><li>Possible business models </li></ul>
  11. 11. Handasa Arabia
  12. 12. Handasa Arabia Organization <ul><li>Made in Palestine Competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arab Science & Technology Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Electronics Design contest for students (IEDCS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE ICM & Waterloo Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Source hardware platform </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Transfer Support </li></ul>
  13. 13. Contribution to Technological Development <ul><li>International Contests </li></ul><ul><li>IEDCS04 , 05 , 06, 07 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Electronics Design Contest for Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winners’ Papers published at IEEE ICM Proceedings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local/International Conferences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ASTF Technology meeting (Syria, 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALECSO Open Source meeting (Tunis, 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cairo ICT 2005 (Cairo, 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE ICM'03,04, IEDCS04 contest (Tunis, 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalism Syndicate and Scientific Society of Telecommunication Engineers (Cairo, 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The IEEE Egyptian Engineering Day (Cairo, 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source workshop (Syria, 2004) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Open Source EDA <ul><li>Design Entry (Schematics) </li></ul><ul><li>Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Verification </li></ul><ul><li>VHDL & Verilog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Icarus Verilog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FreeHDL (VHDL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance (VHDL) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Examples
  16. 16. gEDA
  17. 17. Kicad
  18. 18. KiCAD
  19. 19. gtkwave
  20. 20. Magic
  21. 21. Open Source Hardware <ul><li>Board Designs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test boards, Processors boards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logic Analyzer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HDL Cores </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenCores </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Model Foundry </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. OpenCores
  23. 23. OpenCores
  24. 24. Open Hardware resources <ul><li>www.handasarabia.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.opencollector.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.opencores.org </li></ul>
  25. 25. Thank you

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