Past Perfect Ex: Juan habíaabiertolaspuertas. Ex: (yo) Habíavivido. I had lived.
Subjunctive Perfect We use the present perfect subjunctive when we want to express a reaction to something that has happened (already). We need a conjugation of the verb Haber and a past participle. The only difference is that we conjugate Haber in the present Subjunctive.
Impersonal ‘se’ 1. Use se to avoid specifying a person who is doing the action of the verb. Se vendefruta en la fruteria. 2. When using se, the verb is always in 3rd person. Aqui se habíaespañol. 3. Se can be used in all tenses. Se hizo mucho Se haría mucho. Se habíahecho.
Mono Verbs 1) if object pronouns are used, they must be attached to the end of affirmative commands, and this will always require a written accent in the nosotros forms 2) the first s of the affirmative reflexive ending is lost Ex: ¡Comamosafueraestanoche!
Trigger Phrases Impersonal Expressions vs. Conjunctions of Time The impersonal phrases come before the subjunctive and the time phrases come after the independent clause to indicate when to use a subjunctive.
esinútilque it's useless that (there's no point) esjustoque it's fair that
I. Verbs/expressions of will or want aconsejarque to advise decirque to tell dejarque to let, allow desearque to desire that eshoraque it's time that esimportanteque it is important that esnecesarioque it is necessary that esperarque to hope that esprecisoque it is necessary that evitarque to avoid
Frequently, the sentences that contain a subjunctive verb are used to express doubt, uncertainty, denial, desire, commands or reactions to the clause containing the subjunctive verb.
Expressions of Emotion Cont. Trigger Phrases Cont. III. Verbs/expressions of doubt, possibility, opinion aparecerque to appear, seem that buscar ... que* to look for detestarque to hate dudarque to doubt esdudosoque it is doubtful that esimposibleque it is impossible that es improbable que it is improbable that esposibleque it is possible that es probable que it is probable that