What is copyright?“Copyright is a form of protectiongrounded in the U.S. Constitution andgranted by law for original works ofauthorship fixed in a tangible mediumof expression. Copyright covers bothpublished and unpublished works.”
So, what does that mean?It means that one is notallowed to copy any publishedmaterials like books, music,games, images, software etc.
Who Owns what?The author usually owns what is written, postedor recorded unless someone else is hired toconduct and report the information throughdifferent media outlets.Ownership can be complicated. Somecategories of works that used to be distinct andabout which there were few issues of ownership may now be merged into a singlework.
What is the TEACH Act?… TEACH Act is a copyright law that provides educators with a separate set of rights in addition to fair use, to display and perform other’s works in the classroom and can apply to any work not limiting it to any medium. Basically it opens doors to the education field to enable the use of whatever is needed to engage and enlighten the students as needed.
What is fair use? Fair use is a policy that gives you the opportunity to protect yourself against copyright lawsuits. There are questions/ factors to assess prior to using work that one wishes to use in their own presentations, writing or internet use. Are we using others’ material fairly? Let’s find out!
Four Factor Fair Use Test 1. What is the character of the use? 2. What is the nature of the work to be used? 3. How much of the work will be used? 4. What effects would this use have on the market for the original or for permissions on the use were widespread?
Why is “ownership”important? Knowing who owns a specific media is important so that one does not copy or use it without giving credit where credit is due. Research must be conducted to make sure all is clear and well prior to usage.
What permissions arenecessary? Permission to utilize any work that one wants to “borrow” is crucial. For starters, one must pass a few difficult tasks in order to assure they acquire the correct clearance. For example; If the work is part of a book or a journal article, check the Copyright Clearance Center ("CCC") first. This site will usually yield the results of the copyrighted material you wish to use. Along side this site, there are many others that will offer the same information as to the materials posted.
Getting Permission Contact the owner Several online methods/organizations Confirm the authority Get it written down (documentation is key) Keep good records Still liable
Need to know more? Feel free to visit http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.html for more in depth information on the use of copyright, the laws and what YOU should know!
ReferencesHarper, Georgia K. Retrieved September 1, 2012from: http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.htmlHarper, Georgia K. Retrieved September1,http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/flowofcopyright.htmlHarper, Georgia K. Retrieved September 1, 2012from: http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/teachact.html