Digital Mapping in Kenya, a case study of Map
                                                       Kibera
              ...
Overview
• Geography terminology
• History/background of Map
  Kibera
• Voice of Kibera platform
• Questions, comments and...
What is geography?
• The study of patterns and
  process that take place on the
  earth‟s surface
• Everybody experiences ...
History of new geography tools
 (new media) in 60 seconds…
GIS, GPS, Mapping…
• Geographic Information Systems
  (GIS) (information management for
  geography)– ArcGIS $$$
• Global ...
Internet mapping
• Google (or Yahoo! or Microsoft)
  proprietary software

• Open Street Map (free software)
Internet mapping cont.
• Open Street Map
Free and Open Source
• Data and/or Software itself is
  free
• Anyone can use it and customize
  it
• What else do you nee...
Kibera 500,000 people(?), 2.5 km2
was a blank spot on the map
Existing Data
    satellite imagery
Partners and Allies
NGOs/CBOs: Social Development Network (Infonet), Carolina for Kibera, Kibera
Community Development Age...
*Recruited Mappers
 Recruited Mappers
*The Mappers
 The Mappers
Map Kibera
• Uses Open Street Map (free and
  open source)
• GPS devices (more on this
  later…)
• Phase I and Phase II
• ...
Mappers took to GPS Surveying naturally
* open data ... all Open Data
     Potential of about potential
         Can be a little abstract in Kibera
How does Map Kibera benefit or
     impact the people in Kibera?


•   Develop Entities and Skills
•   Kibera Mappers
•   ...
Phase II
• Health
• Education (informal)
• Security (focus on girl‟s
  security
• Water and Sanitation
Voice of Kibera
• Uses the Ushahidi
  platform to
  aggregate data and
  maps the info on
  the Map Kibera map
• Ushahidi ...
Out-of-the-box
Customized
Customized - Voice of
       Kibera
What is Voice of Kibera?
•   Non-profit and independent community information
    sharing platform by, for and about Kiber...
Reports
One website, lots of
           media!
• Media on the site
  • Video: creating videos and posting
    on the site
    • Ex...
Sending in Reports
There are two ways you can
 submit reports:
 1. Sending an SMS to 3002
   •   Make sure SMS includes th...
SMS Reporting
• Send message to short code, 3002,
  including “Kibera” in the text [cost:
  5 KSH]
• SMS Reporters
• Possi...
SMS Demo
• Submitting a report
  using SMS
  • Include “Kibera” and as
    much detail as possible,
    including location...
Kibera News Network (KNN)
www.youtube.com/KiberaNewsNetwork
(in partnership with KCODA)
Future plans…
Expansion – to other locations in Kenya
Challenges
• Engaging with youth – resources
  (paid vs volunteer)?
• The map is not enough
 – The digital divide is both
...
• large agencies (UN, govt) are
  very interested
• how to support them without
  simply allowing them to co-opt
  the wor...
• without extra effort, open
  source and open data really
  just means, open to the elites
  which is not actually open a...
Regynnah’s story
Other tools
• Budget tracking tool
Constituency Development Funds (CDF)
Budget Tracking Tool (SODNET) http://www.opengovernance.info
SMS 3002 with constiuenc...
Other tools cont.
• Huduma
Recap
• Open Street Map (open source
  data)
• Ushahidi (open source software,
  but remember other inputs needed)
• Front...
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
Map Kibera at YETAM training
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Map Kibera at YETAM training

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Map Kibera and Voice of Kibera background presenting July 21, 2010 at YETAM training, Kwale

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Map Kibera at YETAM training

  1. 1. Digital Mapping in Kenya, a case study of Map Kibera YETAM workshop, July 21, 2010 GroundTruth Initiative OpenStreetMap photo: http://gallery.me.com/dbullington#100816&view=null&bgcolor=black&sel=12
  2. 2. Overview • Geography terminology • History/background of Map Kibera • Voice of Kibera platform • Questions, comments and discussion
  3. 3. What is geography? • The study of patterns and process that take place on the earth‟s surface • Everybody experiences their own geography each and every day! …citizen geography! (also known as neogeography)
  4. 4. History of new geography tools (new media) in 60 seconds…
  5. 5. GIS, GPS, Mapping… • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) (information management for geography)– ArcGIS $$$ • Global Positioning System (GPS) • Digitize and Geo-reference • The expansion of: – The internet – Cheap GPS devices – Software that is less technically demanding (on the user and data processing)
  6. 6. Internet mapping • Google (or Yahoo! or Microsoft) proprietary software • Open Street Map (free software)
  7. 7. Internet mapping cont. • Open Street Map
  8. 8. Free and Open Source • Data and/or Software itself is free • Anyone can use it and customize it • What else do you need to think about? – Human resources, skills, time, training, etc – Technical customizations (vs out- of-the-box)
  9. 9. Kibera 500,000 people(?), 2.5 km2 was a blank spot on the map
  10. 10. Existing Data satellite imagery
  11. 11. Partners and Allies NGOs/CBOs: Social Development Network (Infonet), Carolina for Kibera, Kibera Community Development Agenda (KCODA) Broadcast and Community Media: Pamoja FM, Kibera Journal, Kibera WorldWide Tech Community: Ushahidi, OpenStreetMap Funding partner: Jumpstart, International – American NGO
  12. 12. *Recruited Mappers Recruited Mappers
  13. 13. *The Mappers The Mappers
  14. 14. Map Kibera • Uses Open Street Map (free and open source) • GPS devices (more on this later…) • Phase I and Phase II • Walking Paper • Digitizing and georeferencing
  15. 15. Mappers took to GPS Surveying naturally
  16. 16. * open data ... all Open Data Potential of about potential Can be a little abstract in Kibera
  17. 17. How does Map Kibera benefit or impact the people in Kibera? • Develop Entities and Skills • Kibera Mappers • Kibera News Network • Citizen journalism • Voice of Kibera • SMS Reporting
  18. 18. Phase II • Health • Education (informal) • Security (focus on girl‟s security • Water and Sanitation
  19. 19. Voice of Kibera • Uses the Ushahidi platform to aggregate data and maps the info on the Map Kibera map • Ushahidi does not run the website; VoK Advisory/Editorial Board runs the site • http://ushahidi.co m
  20. 20. Out-of-the-box
  21. 21. Customized
  22. 22. Customized - Voice of Kibera
  23. 23. What is Voice of Kibera? • Non-profit and independent community information sharing platform by, for and about Kibera • It uses a. articles, photos, videos and SMS b. a unique information mapping tool and c. moderation of content to ensure accurate reporting • A unifying and catalytic agent to contribute to positive change in Kibera and Kenya • A citizen journalist website sharing the real story of what Kibera is • Aims to fill current information gaps in terms of emergency and accurate information adding location data when relevant
  24. 24. Reports
  25. 25. One website, lots of media! • Media on the site • Video: creating videos and posting on the site • Examples: Kibera News Network & Kibera TV • Photos: featuring work by local photographers • Reports: sending SMS to 3002 or submitting online • Twitter: see „tweets‟ about Kibera • Local Media • Report may be featured in other media • Creating awareness through radio and print
  26. 26. Sending in Reports There are two ways you can submit reports: 1. Sending an SMS to 3002 • Make sure SMS includes the word “Kibera” and as much detail as possible, including location. 2. Clicking SUBMIT A REPORT on the website.
  27. 27. SMS Reporting • Send message to short code, 3002, including “Kibera” in the text [cost: 5 KSH] • SMS Reporters • Possibilities of things to submit: • Things happening right now in the community whether good or bad (e.g. a fire, street festival) • Info about local organisations (e.g. events) • Opinions on local businesses or services (e.g. experience at a clinic) • Other news and events
  28. 28. SMS Demo • Submitting a report using SMS • Include “Kibera” and as much detail as possible, including location in message • Send the message to 3002 • Check the site to see your report!
  29. 29. Kibera News Network (KNN) www.youtube.com/KiberaNewsNetwork (in partnership with KCODA)
  30. 30. Future plans…
  31. 31. Expansion – to other locations in Kenya
  32. 32. Challenges • Engaging with youth – resources (paid vs volunteer)? • The map is not enough – The digital divide is both infrastructral and social – Otherwise, you're simply contributing to status quo of inequality
  33. 33. • large agencies (UN, govt) are very interested • how to support them without simply allowing them to co-opt the work the citizens are doing
  34. 34. • without extra effort, open source and open data really just means, open to the elites which is not actually open at all.
  35. 35. Regynnah’s story
  36. 36. Other tools • Budget tracking tool
  37. 37. Constituency Development Funds (CDF) Budget Tracking Tool (SODNET) http://www.opengovernance.info SMS 3002 with constiuency#issue (eg: matuga#education)
  38. 38. Other tools cont. • Huduma
  39. 39. Recap • Open Street Map (open source data) • Ushahidi (open source software, but remember other inputs needed) • FrontlineSMS • Budget tracking tool (3002 plus constituency #issue 3002: kwale #water) • Huduma • Flip cameras (YouTube)

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