Diabetes and hypertension
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Diabetes and hypertension

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causes, effects and risk factors

causes, effects and risk factors

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  • Summary of both types of diabetes
  • Hypertension is caused by several factors. Factors such as:
  • When you have high blood pressure or hypertension you are 3 times the risk to develop cornea disease, 6 times at risk to develop congestive heart disease and 7 time the risk of having a stroke

Diabetes and hypertension Diabetes and hypertension Presentation Transcript

  • Describe the Occurrence ofHypertension and Diabetes Mellitus 2 in Jamaicans 40 years and younger, including their risk factors, prevention, control and the social and economic impacts. Presenters: Jamie- Lee Biggs Sakoya Graf
  • WHAT IS DIABETES?
  • WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS 2?
  • Epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes (3)Prevalence in Jamaica 1960 (>15 years) 1.3% 1970 (25-64 years) 8.1% 1995 (>15 years) 17.9% 1999 (25-74 years) 13.4% Tulloch 1961; Florey et al 1972; Ragoobirsingh et al 1995; Wilks et al 1999
  • WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
  • Types of Hypertension• Primary- develops on its own• Secondary- develops as a result of a secondary condition• Benign- develops in the body but has no visible effect on the body• Malignant- very sever and sudden increase of blood pressure.
  • THE HUMAN HEART
  • Causes of Diabetes Mellitus 2
  • •Fat distribution•Inactive lifestyle•Ethnicity•Family history•Smoking•Age
  • Common Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus 2• Blurry vision• Excess thirst• Frequent urination• Hunger• Weight loss• Fatigue• Skin irritations- slow healing, infections
  • • Erectile dysfunction• Pain or numbness in hands and feet
  • RISK FACTORS
  • • High blood pressure- Hypertension• Gestational diabetes• Certain dietary pattern• Over weight
  • PREVENTION & CONTROL
  • PREVENTIONS• Maintaining a healthy body weight.• Eating healthy• Controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol• Quitting smoking
  • CONTROL• Tablets to control their blood glucose levels. (aspirin)• Exercising• Managing blood glucose with insulin injections.
  • Causes of Hypertension
  • • Age• Family history• Pregnancy• Poor eating habits• Too much salt• Smoking• Ethnicity• Hormones
  • • Too much alcohol• Over weight• Lack of exercise• Life style• Kidney disease• Cardiovascular disorders Stress
  • Symptoms of Hypertension• THERE ARE NO DISTNCT SYMPTOM
  • COMMON SYMPTOMS• Headaches• Dizziness• Blurred vision• Confusion• Coma
  • Can children have Hypertension?
  • RISK FACTORS• Cornea disease• Congestive heart failure• Stroke
  • PREVENTION & CONTROL
  • • Lifestyle changes• Quit Smoking• Diet with less cholesterol and salt• Regular Exercise• Drugs- Antihypertensive drugs; Beta blockers
  • Thank you