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How to use an encyclopedia for grades 3 and 4.

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  1. 1. W is an encyclopedia? hat An encyclopedia is a reference sourceW would we use an hy encyclopedia? W use an encyclopedia to eget information for a report, to find an answer to a question, or to read about something in which we are interested.
  2. 2. If you are looking for information about a topicfor a report the encyclopedia is a good place tostart. The article will give you a good generaloverview of the topic. You will want to findadditional information sources as well.The encyclopedia gives you information aboutpersons, places and things and answers thequestions “who?” “where?” “when?” and “how?”But an encyclopedia does not usually answer thequestion “why?”
  3. 3. Two types of encyclopedias: print encyclopedias online encyclopedias
  4. 4. What is a print encyclopedia? A print encyclopedia is aset of books that contains information about many different subjects. Because the amount ofinformation cannot all be put into one book, it isdivided into many smaller books. Each book is called a volume.
  5. 5. How are the volumes of an encyclopedia organized?The volumes in each set are arranged inalphabetical order to make it easy to find theinformation. They are also numbered to make iteasy to keep them in order.
  6. 6. How are the subjects in an encyclopedia organized? On the pages, the subjects are arranged in alphabetical order with guide words on each page like a dictionary.
  7. 7. To find a subject, look for theletter it begins with andchoose that volume. Thesubjects on each page areusually printed with large,dark letters. Example: dinosaurs
  8. 8. To find a person, look for the person’s last name. Example: George Washington
  9. 9. If a person has a title, you will find information about him or her under the last part of his/her name. Example: Queen Elizabeth would be found under “E” for Elizabeth
  10. 10. To find a place named with two parts, look for the first part. Example: Grand Canyon
  11. 11. No one knows the answer to everything, but clever people knowwhere to find answers. Many answersto questions can be found in the encyclopedia. But you must know what to look for. When you have a question, look for the most important or specific name (key word or words).This will most likely will be the topic, or subject, to look under for the information you want.
  12. 12. In which volume of an encyclopediawould you find the answers to these questions?
  13. 13. W is a UFO? hat
  14. 14. In what year wasGeorge W Bush . born?
  15. 15. W hen was the first Thanksgiving Daycelebrated?
  16. 16. W is Prince Charles? ho
  17. 17. Where is Easter Island?
  18. 18. What does a python eat?
  19. 19. How many legsdoes an arachnid have?
  20. 20. W hat are the names of the nineplanets in our solar system?
  21. 21. Let’s go find it inthe encyclopedia!