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Week 4 Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Theory
 

Week 4 Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Theory

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Week 4 Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Theory

Week 4 Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Theory

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    Week 4 Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Theory Week 4 Operant Conditioning and Social Learning Theory Presentation Transcript

    • www.jamiesflipped.co.uk @jamiesflipped
    • Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson you … • Must be able to describe (AO1) Operant Conditioning. • Must be able to describe (AO1) the components of OC (PR,NR,PP,NP). • Should be able to describe (AO1) Social Learning Theory.
    • Approach Theories Studies Methods Learning Approach Classical Conditioning Aversion Therapy Operant Conditioning
    • Punishment Reinforcer Decrease chance of undesirable behaviour Increase chance of desirable behaviour Positive the addition of something / doing something. Negative the removal of something / stop doing something Adding something after an undesirable behaviour to decrease the chance of replication. E.g. Hitting a child after a bad behaviour Adding something after a desirable behaviour to increase the chance of replication. E.g. Reward of chocolate after good behaviour. Removing something after an undesirable behaviour to decrease the chance of replication. Eg. Taking a mobile off a child after bad behaviour. Removing something or something bad NOT happening after a desirable behaviour to increase the chance of replication. Eg. Stop shouting at a child when they behave.
    • Conversion Task Define each of the following terms in relation to operant conditioning and give an example of each. – Reinforcer – Punishment – Positive Reinforcement – Negative Reinforcement – Positive Punishment – Negative Punishment Pg. 17-18 / 10 minutes
    • THEORIES Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Social Learning Theory Defining Component Key Terms Voluntary or Involuntary behaviour (Eg…) Key Researcher(s) Linked Study / Treatment
    • Approach Theories Studies Methods Learning Approach Classical Conditioning Aversion Therapy Operant Conditioning Social Learning Theory Bandura (1961)
    • Bandura
    • Attention • Pay attention to the features of the modelled behaviour. Retention • Remember details of the behaviour in order to learn and reproduce Reproduction • The opportunity to reproduce must be available Motivation Social Learning Theory • Observation • Imitation (copying) • Role Models
    • • Motivation from the environment • Eg. Approval / Reward / ItemsExternal • Motivation from a feeling or want. • Eg. Happiness / Enjoyment / FunInternal • Motivation by watching others. • Eg. Friend gets reward : you wantVicarious
    • THEORIES Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Social Learning Theory Defining Component Key Terms Voluntary or Involuntary behaviour (Eg…) Key Researcher(s) Linked Study / Treatment
    • Operant SLTClassical
    • Application Question Using all of the key terms of Social Learning Theory describe how a child might learn to be aggressive. 10 minutes explain the same behaviour using classical conditioning or operant conditioning.
    • • Must be able to describe (AO1) Operant Conditioning. • Must be able to describe (AO1) the components of OC (PR,NR,PP,NP). • Should be able to describe (AO1) Social Learning Theory.
    • Find all the key terms … … when you find a word write a definition next to the word in the clue list.
    • Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson you … • Must be able to describe (AO1) Social Learning Theory. • Must be able to describe (AO1) Bandura’s (1961) study of learned aggression. • Should be able to evaluate (AO2) Bandura’s (1961) study of learned aggression. Pg. 23-26
    • Approach Theories Studies Methods Learning Approach Classical Conditioning Aversion Therapy Operant Conditioning Social Learning Theory Bandura (1961)
    • Attention • Pay attention to the features of the modelled behaviour. Retention • Remember details of the behaviour in order to learn and reproduce Reproduction • The opportunity to reproduce must be available Motivation Social Learning Theory • Observation • Imitation (copying) • Role Models
    • • Motivation from the environment • Eg. Approval / Reward / ItemsExternal • Motivation from a feeling or want. • Eg. Happiness / Enjoyment / FunInternal • Motivation by watching others. • Eg. Friend gets reward : you wantVicarious
    • Participants 6 boys with same sex model. 6 boys with opposite sex model. 6 girls with same sex model. 6 girls with opposite sex model. 6 boys with same sex model. 6 boys with opposite sex model. 6 girls with same sex model. 6 girls with opposite sex model. Aggressive Model Condition (24 participants) Non-aggressive Model Condition (24 participants) Control Group (24 participants)
    • Stage One Child is placed in a room with a bobo doll and is a passive witness to either the aggressive or non- aggressive role model. Stage Two Mild aggressive arousal. Stage Three Child is taken to a play room where there is a bobo doll along with other toys. Observed for 20 minutes.
    • A • Aim • What did they hope to find? What was their research question? What theory is the study attempting to support? How is it going to support it? P • Procedure • What did they do? How did they do it? Who did they do it to? When did they do it? Page 23-26 Time line activity Starting with the initial observations prior to the experiment and ending with the 20 minutes of observation at the end plot a timeline of the study ensuring that you have all stages in detail.
    • Following on from the timeline that you have completed give two examples of quantitative results from the study and two examples of qualitative results from the study. (5 minutes)
    • 1. Briefly explain Bandura’s social learning theory? 2. What type of method did Bandura use? 3. What type of design did Bandura use and why did he use it? 4. What are the IVs in the study? 5. How did Bandura match the children? 6. Why were the children exposed to ‘mild aggression arousal’? 7. Describe a possible weakness with the sample 8. What were the main controls in the study? 9. Describe how the dependent variables were measured 10. How else could the DV have been measured? 11. Why was both imitative and non-imitative aggression observed? 12. In what ways does Bandura’s study lack ecological validity? 13. What does this study tell us about aggression? 14. Boys were more likely to imitate physical aggression than girls. Why is this the case according to Bandura? 15. According to Bandura how could we reduce aggression? DescriptiveMoreChallenging
    • • Must be able to describe (AO1) Social Learning Theory. • Must be able to describe (AO1) Bandura’s (1961) study of learned aggression. • Should be able to evaluate (AO2) Bandura’s (1961) study of learned aggression.
    • www.jamiesflipped.co.uk @jamiesflipped