AS Week 8 Sex, Gender and the Key Issue

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AS Week 8 Sex, Gender and the Key Issue

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  • The first is Gender Identity which happens at about 2 years of age, and it is where the child recognizes they are male or female and other people are as well.The next stage happens at about 4 years and is called Gender Stability and the child now understands that their gender is fixed and will be male/female when they're older.Finally is Gender Constancy which happens between 5 and 7 years and is the stage at which the child understands that cosmetic changes will not alter sex. For example, a girl wearing jeans is still female.Are you a boy or girl?How do you know? When you were born where you a boy or a girl? How do you know? Now I’m going to show you a doll that I have – is this a boy doll or a girl dollHow do you know? Now, if I take this dress and put it on the doll – now is it a boy or a girl? How do you know?  
  • AS Week 8 Sex, Gender and the Key Issue

    1. 1. Complete the Questionnaire on Sex and Gender
    2. 2. www.jamiesflipped.co.uk @jamiesflipped
    3. 3. Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson you … • Must be able to describe (AO1) gender and sex. • Should be able to identify (AO1) the difference between gender and sex. • Should be able to apply (AO2) the learning approach to explaining gender development.
    4. 4. On your table: Define the terms SEX and GENDER
    5. 5. Sex refers to biological differences; chromosomes, hormonal profiles, internal and external sex organs. Gender describes the characteristics that a society or culture delineates as masculine or feminine.
    6. 6. Klinefelter syndrome (KS) occurs in some men who have more than one X chromosome (XXY). XXY occurs in approximately 1 out of 580 live male births, but many men with it do not develop KS. When KS does develop, it usually goes undetected until puberty or sometimes much later.
    7. 7. XYY syndrome is a disorder in which a male infant is born with an extra Y chromosome. (1-1000) Boys with XYY syndrome tend to be tall and have difficulties with language. Their IQ tends to be slightly lower than that of their family members. Many experience learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, and minor behavioural disorders.
    8. 8. Turner syndrome (XO) is a genetic condition that only affects females. It is caused by an abnormal sex chromosome and affects about 1 in every 2,000 baby girls. Females with Turner syndrome often have a wide range of symptoms and some distinctive characteristics. Two that occur in almost all cases of Turner syndrome are: being shorter than average underdeveloped ovaries (female reproductive organs), resulting in a lack of monthly periods and infertility. As height and sexual development are the two main characteristics, Turner syndrome is often undiagnosed until a girl reaches puberty (sexual maturity).
    9. 9. Feminine Androgynous Undifferentiated Masculine low Feminine Traits high Bem SRI low high Masculine Traits
    10. 10. Gender Development
    11. 11. Describe the difference between SEX and GENDER using examples. 5 marks
    12. 12. Gender: The Learning Approach Emphasises the crucial role played by observational learning and reinforcement. It is sometimes found that children are more likely to imitate same-sex models than opposite-sex models; they are also reinforced more when they do so. Using as many terms, definitions and concepts from the learning approach explain how someone learns their gender behaviours.
    13. 13. • Must be able to describe (AO1) gender and sex. • Should be able to identify (AO1) the difference between gender and sex. • Should be able to apply (AO2) the learning approach to explaining gender development.
    14. 14. Key terms revision Complete the worksheet of key terms in the learning approach.
    15. 15. Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson you … • Must be able to describe (AO1) the learning approach key issue. • Should be able to apply (AO2) the learning approach to explaining a key issue. Pg. 30-31
    16. 16. Identify Describe Explain • What is the question? • Phrase this as a question. • What is the key issue? • Describe the issue without using psychological terms and concepts. • How would psychologists explain it? • Using psychological terms, concepts, studies and theories as examples explain why these behaviours happen.
    17. 17. Key Issue The media and eating disorders.
    18. 18. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterised by immoderate food restriction and irrational fear of gaining weight, as well as a distorted body self-perception. Anorexia is simply a medical term for lack of appetite, and people with anorexia nervosa do not, in fact, lose their appetites.
    19. 19. The key issue in the Learning approach is can the media have an effect on our perception of our bodies, body dysmorphia and eating disorders? Make sure that the key issue is phrased as a question.
    20. 20. Identify Describe Explain • What is the question? • Phrase this as a question. • What is the key issue? • Describe the issue without using psychological terms and concepts. • How would psychologists explain it? • Using psychological terms, concepts, studies and theories as examples explain why these behaviours happen.
    21. 21. How could the media effect our perception of our bodies?
    22. 22. Identify Describe Explain • What is the question? • Phrase this as a question. • What is the key issue? • Describe the issue without using psychological terms and concepts. • How would psychologists explain it? • Using psychological terms, concepts, studies and theories as examples explain why these behaviours happen.
    23. 23. Social Learning Theory Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning
    24. 24. Identify Describe Explain • What is the question? • Phrase this as a question. • What is the key issue? • Describe the issue without using psychological terms and concepts. • How would psychologists explain it? • Using psychological terms, concepts, studies and theories as examples explain why these behaviours happen.
    25. 25. • Must be able to describe (AO1) the learning approach key issue. • Should be able to apply (AO2) the learning approach to explaining a key issue.
    26. 26. www.jamiesflipped.co.uk @jamiesflipped

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