Sociology

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Sociology

  1. 1. Poverty in Canada By Krista Cameron & Jamie Cue
  2. 2. Poverty in Canada Today <ul><li>Most children, the disabled, single mothers and immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>33,000 homeless in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 under 25 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to prostitution, panhandling, crimes to survive </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands more survive on social assistance, disability employment etc.. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In 2005 823,856 Canadians used a food bank </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1989 food bank use increased 118% </li></ul><ul><li>650 food banks across Canada </li></ul><ul><li>41% clients are children </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1.7 million children on welfare income </li></ul><ul><li>547,000 working at or below minimum wage in their province </li></ul><ul><li>To live above LICO standards you need to make $10/hr full-time year round </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ages of Under waged Workers
  6. 6. Feminization of Poverty <ul><li>57% of poor adults are women </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 3 single mothers are poor </li></ul><ul><li>10% for single fathers </li></ul><ul><li>3% for teenage mothers </li></ul><ul><li>70% unattached women over 65 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Poverty of Children <ul><li>Canada ranked 19/26 developed countries in child poverty </li></ul><ul><li>1980-2001 # of immigrated children grew 22%-39% </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons <ul><li>Parents are: </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Underemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequately paid </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced social welfare support </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting Fact </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal children that do not live on reserve have almost same poverty rate as non-aboriginal child </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changing Faces of Poverty <ul><li>Rate fluctuate with health of economy </li></ul><ul><li>Rich get richer poor get poorer </li></ul><ul><li>From 1993-2003 poor families income increased 8% </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy families income increased 35% </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty for seniors decreased from 1980-2004 34%-5.6% </li></ul>
  10. 10. Poverty of Young Adults <ul><li>1/2 young adults in Canada not completed post secondary qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Result: poorly educated workers trapped in part-time dead end minimum wage jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Because lack of economic instability many young adults live at home </li></ul>
  11. 11. Personal Experience <ul><li>Affects people’s lives, sense of self, relationships with others </li></ul><ul><li>Feel cut-off from society </li></ul><ul><li>Media stereotypes poor families </li></ul><ul><li>People talk of hopelessness and suicidal depression </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with social workers is a stressful situation for parents </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ To a degree society creates conditions to persistent poverty. A stage to be deeply destructive on the level of the individual, the community, and the larger social order.” (Valetta, 2005; Reiman 2001)
  13. 13. <ul><li>All statistics taken from Society In Question by Robert J. Brym, copyright 2008 Chapter 11 “Poverty in Canada” </li></ul>

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