INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH FOR ENGLISH 112 Spring 2010 Jami Bryan, Electronic Services Librarian
OUTCOMES FOR TODAY <ul><li>What is Research? What is College Level Research? </li></ul><ul><li>What is credibility?  How d...
WHAT IS RESEARCH?
IS IT SEARCHING AND FINDING? 1. Get the Assignment 4. Turn it in 2. Find some information 3. Do some writing  <ul><li>Go t...
EFFECTIVE  RE SEACH IS NOT LINEAR <ul><li>REpeating </li></ul><ul><li>REvising </li></ul><ul><li>ObsERving </li></ul><ul><...
RE ALLY? <ul><li>You already do this! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply your skills and  experience to  College Level Research <...
COLLEGE LEVEL RESEARCH
COLLEGE LEVEL RESEARCH <ul><li>Creating useful search terms and strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REpeating and REvising </...
CREATING USEFUL SEARCH TERMS
HOW TO SEARCH? <ul><li>Getting Search Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull out key words and concepts from your topic  </li></...
TOPIC:  AIRPORT SCANNERS <ul><li>Basic Concepts: </li></ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul><ul><li>Scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
COMMON SEARCH FEATURES <ul><li>Phrase Searching  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ use quotation marks” to search for that exact mat...
CONNECT TERMS WITH AND, OR, & NOT Dogs DOGS CATS Cat  AND  Dog = Cat Dog = Items with  Both  Cat and Dog Cat  OR  Dog Item...
TOPIC:  AIRPORT SCANNERS <ul><li>Initial Search Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>“ airport scanners”  </li></ul><ul><li>airpo...
KNOWING WHICH TOOLS TO SEARCH
INFORMATION Closed Web: $$$  for access and organization Physical Resources  Books Videos Magazines Newspapers Journals We...
TOOLS AND RESOURCES <ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Library Catalogs  </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul>
GOOGLE GIVES YOU…. Web Resources MySpace Company Sites Shopping Blogs YouTube Government Sites Games
LIBRARIES GIVE YOU…. Databases/ Online Books and Periodicals Closed Web: $$$  for access and organization Physical Resourc...
TOOLS AND RESOURCES <ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publicly available  web resources  </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
WHAT IS A LIBRARY CATALOG?  <ul><li>A listing of all of the items available in a particular library, whether physical or w...
LIBRARY VOCABULARY <ul><li>Circulating – item can go out of the library </li></ul><ul><li>Call number – the item’s locatio...
WHAT ARE YOU GETTING IN A DATABASE? <ul><li>Citations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author, article title, periodical title, date,...
TOPIC:  AIRPORT SCANNERS <ul><li>Later Search Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>“ airport scanners”  </li></ul><ul><li>“ airpo...
EVALUATING INFORMATION
BASIC DISTINCTIONS  <ul><li>Popular vs. Scholarly  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular sources are written for general audiences...
CREDIBILITY...WHO’S GOT IT? <ul><li>capable of being believed; believable: a credible statement.  </li></ul><ul><li>worthy...
BE SKEPTICAL! <ul><li>What you can do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rely on library catalog and databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
CITING SOURCES <ul><li>Display your credibility through your citations/reference list </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By showing the...
IP AND PLAGIARISM <ul><li>Intellectual property: “refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works...
CITATION RESOURCES <ul><li>Library’s list of citation help: </li></ul><ul><li>My recommendations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Us...
TIPS FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENT
YOUR ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Argumentative research paper in the Rogerian style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several credible sources ...
LIBRARY LOGISTICS <ul><li>NOVAcard </li></ul><ul><li>LAN login </li></ul><ul><li>Printing procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Acc...
NEED HELP? HAVE QUESTIONS? <ul><li>Come to the Library </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Contact me </li...
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English 112 Instruction

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  • This is fantastic! I've been trying to work with my students on using key words. I like you explain the idea in a very simple and straightforward way!
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Transcript of "English 112 Instruction"

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH FOR ENGLISH 112 Spring 2010 Jami Bryan, Electronic Services Librarian
  2. 2. OUTCOMES FOR TODAY <ul><li>What is Research? What is College Level Research? </li></ul><ul><li>What is credibility? How do I evaluate resources? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some effective search strategies? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s in a library catalog? What’s in a library database? </li></ul><ul><li>What tools are best for this assignment? </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHAT IS RESEARCH?
  4. 4. IS IT SEARCHING AND FINDING? 1. Get the Assignment 4. Turn it in 2. Find some information 3. Do some writing <ul><li>Go to Google </li></ul><ul><li>Type in Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Use whatever comes up </li></ul>
  5. 5. EFFECTIVE RE SEACH IS NOT LINEAR <ul><li>REpeating </li></ul><ul><li>REvising </li></ul><ul><li>ObsERving </li></ul><ul><li>FiltERing </li></ul><ul><li>DiscovERing </li></ul>
  6. 6. RE ALLY? <ul><li>You already do this! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply your skills and experience to College Level Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning this now will help you EXCEL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At other schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. COLLEGE LEVEL RESEARCH
  8. 8. COLLEGE LEVEL RESEARCH <ul><li>Creating useful search terms and strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REpeating and REvising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ObsERving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowing which tools to search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ObsERving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DiscovERing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluating what you find </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FiltERing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DiscovERing </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CREATING USEFUL SEARCH TERMS
  10. 10. HOW TO SEARCH? <ul><li>Getting Search Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull out key words and concepts from your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine Synonyms, Related Terms, or other Variations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think Nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REvise Terms as Searching </li></ul><ul><li>REpeat across different tools (Catalog, Databases) </li></ul>
  11. 11. TOPIC: AIRPORT SCANNERS <ul><li>Basic Concepts: </li></ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul><ul><li>Scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Related Terms: </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Full-Body </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>Start with what you already know and think about what you might like to know!
  12. 12. COMMON SEARCH FEATURES <ul><li>Phrase Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ use quotation marks” to search for that exact match </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. airport security vs. “airport security” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wildcards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the * (or ? or $) with the root of a word to search for variant forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>scan* searches scan, scan s , scan ner , scan ners, scan ning </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. CONNECT TERMS WITH AND, OR, & NOT Dogs DOGS CATS Cat AND Dog = Cat Dog = Items with Both Cat and Dog Cat OR Dog Items with Cat , Items with Dog , and Items with Both Cat and Dog Cat NOT Dog Items with Cat Only , not Items with Both Cat and Dog Cat Dog
  14. 14. TOPIC: AIRPORT SCANNERS <ul><li>Initial Search Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>“ airport scanners” </li></ul><ul><li>airport scan* </li></ul><ul><li>airport scanner AND security </li></ul><ul><li>airport scanner AND full-body </li></ul><ul><li>“ airport scanners” OR “airport full-body scanners” </li></ul>
  15. 15. KNOWING WHICH TOOLS TO SEARCH
  16. 16. INFORMATION Closed Web: $$$ for access and organization Physical Resources Books Videos Magazines Newspapers Journals Web Resources Facebook Company Sites Shopping Blogs YouTube Government Sites News E-books Online Periodicals
  17. 17. TOOLS AND RESOURCES <ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Library Catalogs </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul>
  18. 18. GOOGLE GIVES YOU…. Web Resources MySpace Company Sites Shopping Blogs YouTube Government Sites Games
  19. 19. LIBRARIES GIVE YOU…. Databases/ Online Books and Periodicals Closed Web: $$$ for access and organization Physical Resources Books Videos Magazines Newspapers Journals
  20. 20. TOOLS AND RESOURCES <ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publicly available web resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library Catalogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books (including e-books) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals, Magazines and Newspapers Titles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles in Journals, Magazines and Newspapers </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. WHAT IS A LIBRARY CATALOG? <ul><li>A listing of all of the items available in a particular library, whether physical or web-based. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazine and Journal titles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What you won’t find in the Catalog: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual articles from magazines, journals and newspapers (go to the Databases for these) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. LIBRARY VOCABULARY <ul><li>Circulating – item can go out of the library </li></ul><ul><li>Call number – the item’s location on the shelf in the library </li></ul><ul><li>Periodicals – newspapers, magazines and journals </li></ul><ul><li>Journal – periodical dedicated to a particular subject </li></ul>
  23. 23. WHAT ARE YOU GETTING IN A DATABASE? <ul><li>Citations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author, article title, periodical title, date, volume, issue, page number. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summary of the article, useful in evaluating and filtERing the content. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often Full-text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entire content of the article. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Things to obsERve: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terms to use for better results and better searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full-text in that database? </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. TOPIC: AIRPORT SCANNERS <ul><li>Later Search Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>“ airport scanners” </li></ul><ul><li>“ airport scanners” and full-body </li></ul><ul><li>airline passengers AND scanners </li></ul><ul><li>airline passenger* AND scan* </li></ul><ul><li>airline passengers AND security </li></ul><ul><li>airport security </li></ul>
  25. 25. EVALUATING INFORMATION
  26. 26. BASIC DISTINCTIONS <ul><li>Popular vs. Scholarly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular sources are written for general audiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarly sources are written by experts for experts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary vs. Secondary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary sources are firsthand accounts by a participant or direct observer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary sources provide an analysis, explanation or restatement </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. CREDIBILITY...WHO’S GOT IT? <ul><li>capable of being believed; believable: a credible statement. </li></ul><ul><li>worthy of belief or confidence; trustworthy: a credible witness. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictionary.com Unabridged . Random House, Inc. 12 Nov. 2009. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/credibility >. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. BE SKEPTICAL! <ul><li>What you can do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rely on library catalog and databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for scholarly or academic sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out who's responsible for the information, such as the author and publisher. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the purpose of the source (e.g., to entertain or educate?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the date. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See each source for what it offers. </li></ul>
  29. 29. CITING SOURCES <ul><li>Display your credibility through your citations/reference list </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By showing the types of sources you used, you allow others to find and judge those sources for themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By citing quotations and ideas taken from other works, you: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>show respect for that author’s intellectual property </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>avoid plagiarism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. IP AND PLAGIARISM <ul><li>Intellectual property: “refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WIPO. (n.d.). What is intellectual property? World Intellectual Property Organization . Retrieved April 2, 2010 from http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism: “the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soanes, C. & Stevenson, A. (Eds.). (2005). Plagiarism. The Oxford Dictionary of English . Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. CITATION RESOURCES <ul><li>Library’s list of citation help: </li></ul><ul><li>My recommendations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Cite This or similar feature in the databases or use Citation Machine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CAUTION: These aren’t always accurate, so check the citations yourself </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OWL: Handouts: Research and Documenting Sources </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. TIPS FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENT
  33. 33. YOUR ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Argumentative research paper in the Rogerian style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several credible sources on BOTH sides of the argument/position </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommended Tools: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Issues and Controversies on File </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opposing Viewpoints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Search Complete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proquest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject-specific databases based on topic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library Catalog </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. LIBRARY LOGISTICS <ul><li>NOVAcard </li></ul><ul><li>LAN login </li></ul><ul><li>Printing procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Access from Off-campus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. NEED HELP? HAVE QUESTIONS? <ul><li>Come to the Library </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Contact me </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>703-323-3867 </li></ul></ul>Make our day – Ask for help!

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