Zionism and israel
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  • 1. Zionism and Israel
  • 2. Zionism born!  Zionism is Hebrew nationalism.  Since the Romans kicked the Jewish people out of Israel in the second century A.D., the Jewish people have desired to go home.  Due to the rise of Zionism, the desire to go home became huge in the 1800s.  When the British defeated the Ottoman Empire in World War I, they announced the Balfour Declaration, stating their support for Jewish people and Palestinians to both have homes in the
  • 3. Because of the Holocaust  After World War II, the United Nations chose to divide Palastine (modern day name for the land of Israel) into two countries: Palestine and Israel.  They would share Jerusalem (ancient capital of Israel).  Israel became a country in 1948.
  • 4. We all have bad neighbors….  The Palestinians hated this idea and developed their own nationalistic ideas.  Right away, they attacked Israel and lost.  The Palestinians fought Israel in 1948 and 1956.  Israel won both times and claimed part of what was to be the
  • 5. Also Next Door……  The Suez Crisis in 1956 did not help things.  Egyptian President Nasser wanted to take over the Suez Canal, built by the British. Britain obviously wanted to keep it.  With support from Israel and France, Britain beat the Egyptians, but America and the Soviet Union made them give the canal to Egypt anyway. Why?
  • 6. Back to Israel….  The Palestinians did not learn the lesson from the first two wars.  In 1964, Yasir Arafat took over the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).  It is a terrorist organization supposedly dedicated to creating a Palestinian
  • 7. Arafat’s Devious Plans….  Like a bad movie villain, Arafat began creating an alliance of Israel’s enemies to jump Israel.  Knowing it was coming, though, the Jewish people attacked the PLO, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iran and beat them in the Six Day War (1967).  A few years later, Israel was attacked again on Yom-Kippur by the same group.  At first, the Arab invaders were winning but the Israelis quickly fought back.  The U.N. orchestrated a cease-fire officially ending the fighting.
  • 8. On to Camp David….  By this point, Egypt was tired of being beaten by tiny Israel.  At Camp David (an American presidential retreat), Israel and Egypt signed the first local peace treaty.  Egypt got the Sinai Peninsula back and accepted Israel’s right to exist.  Because many Arabs considered this a betrayal, the Egyptian president was soon murdered.
  • 9. The Intifada  In 1987, Palestinians launched the Intifada (a holy war) on Jewish soldiers.  In 1993, the Oslo Accords helped create a degree of peace between the PLO and Israel.  Israel gave the Palestinians land to create their homeland but Yitzhak Rabin (the Jewish Prime Minister) was killed by Jewish
  • 10. Declaration of Human Rights  The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights was also developed as a result of the major atrocities of WWII. ◦ human rights standards for all nations ◦ Defined genocide (mass killings)