Socialism and communism were the main
ideologies of the Soviet Union, which was
what the new government of Russia
named itself after the Bolshevik
The goal of communism:
◦ Empower the Proletariat (working man)
◦ Weaken the capitalist businessman (guy who
builds businesses and makes money)
◦ Industry and businesses are controlled by the
people (ends up being the government “for
Money and Drive
Wealth was to be
to the people.
Instead of owning
as a group)
became the goal
Communism’s goal is
to change society. To
do this, democracy
your own money) are
done away with.
It did away with
religious beliefs and
The economics of communism.
The goal is to create an economic system
where everyone shares in the wealth
created by business and government owns
the businesses for the people’s benefits.
How Children See It!
How Americans Push For It!
Reality of It!
When Lenin died,
Joseph Stalin began
working to take over
the Soviet Union.
In 1928, he became
the leader of the
He began by exiling
his rival Leon Trotsky
was murdered soon
Pros and Cons
Made the Soviet
Union an industrial
5 Year Plans –
(military items and
Created a secret
police to monitor
Censored the news
Heavily relied on
(regular people stuff)
was not built as
The Great Purge
Even communists were not safe! He put to
death thousands of communists he didn’t
Slaughtered the Russian Orthodox Church
leaders and killed many believers.
Everyone had to give up their farms.
Remember no private ownership was
allowed. The government then
created huge farms and made people
People with nice farms who tried to
keep their farms were killed.
The economy and educational level in
the Soviet Union increased, but
people lost their rights.