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The enlightenment and the beginning of the american
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The enlightenment and the beginning of the american

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  • 1. The Enlightenment and the Beginning of the American Revolution
  • 2. How to pay for the Seven Years War?  The British had spent a great deal of money fighting the French.  The war began in the American Colonies and the British blamed them for it. They began pushing for the Americans to pay back for the war.  Also, the British had made an agreement with the Indians to keep the Americans out of Indian territories.  The Americans wanted the freedom to go where they wanted to go, regardless of what the British said.  The colonists wanted the British to keep them safe from the Indians.
  • 3. How to raise the money  King George III and Parliament raised taxes on the colonies to pay for:  War debts  Protection from the Indians  Colonists weren’t happy though because they had no say in Parliament. “No taxation without representation!”
  • 4. Colonists’ response and the “Boston Massacre”  The colonists began protesting.  One day, a collection of protesters began throwing snowballs (and some say rocks and sticks) at British soldiers.  Something happened (no one knows) and the British fired on the people. Five people died.
  • 5. Boston Tea Party  After the “massacre,” the British began tightening down on the Boston.  Taxes increased. Soldiers were in control of the city.  A group of colonists called the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Indians and began throwing British tea in the sea.
  • 6. And the Enlightenment?  Colonists became interested in the Enlightenment.  Locke taught everyone had a right to life, liberty, and property. This greatly influenced Thomas Jefferson.  He also taught that a government that tramples these rights should be replaced.
  • 7. The end of the beginning  The colonists wrote a letter to the king asking for rights and freedoms. This was called the “Olive Branch Petition.”  The king ignored this.  At that point, Thomas Jefferson and several others were tasked with writing a “Declaration of Independence.”  It borrowed many of Locke’s ideas (specifically:
  • 8. Jefferson, Franklin, and the Enlightenment  Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, two of the authors of the Declaration of Independence, spent a great deal of time in France learning from the Enlightenment philosophers.