Japan, Germany, and Italy displayed militaristic
aggression against other countries. Other countries
and the League of Nations did little to stop them.
Frustration with the Treaty of Versailles
The Causes - Overview
Italy was extremely upset
that they did not get lots
of money and large
amounts of land for
joining the Allies in World
War I, like originally
Why didn’t they get what
they were promised?
Germany was very upset it was blamed for World
War I. Why was it blamed?
Reparations hurt the already weakened German
economy. This led to a worsened depression in
Germany than elsewhere. Why have we mentioned
this for the last two sections?
Germany, Japan, and Italy began building their armies.
Once their armies were armies were strong, they began to
Mussolini ordered an
invasion of Ethiopia in
Hitler sent troops to the
Rhineland, the border of
France and Germany.
The League of Nations?
The World’s Axis
Italy and Germany
supported a fascist,
General Franco, as he
took over Spain. Much
like Italy during World
War I, though, he didn’t
help them during World
In 1936, Germany, Japan,
and Italy formed the Axis
Alliance. What is an axis
What about US?
The US became an isolationist (what is that again?)
Passed a series of Neutrality Acts, designed to keep
Americans from selling weapons or loaning money
to countries at war. We knew what was coming in
And the other Allies?
Britain and France hoped
they could appease (give
stuff to get people to do
what you want them to)
Hitler and prevent the
Hitler took advantage of
this and took the
Rhineland, Austria, the
Sudetenland, and finally
all of Czechoslovakia with
the Allies’ blessings.
The Powder Keg
World War II officially begins when Hitler (and the
Soviet Union!) invades Poland in September of 1939.
Britain and France (Poland’s allies) declared war on
Germany, finally abandoning appeasement.
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