The brightest day!
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The brightest day! The brightest day! Presentation Transcript

  • The Brightest Day! Fighting for the Peace Might be More Difficult than Fighting for the Peace
  • On November 11, 1918, fighting finally ended. Officially, though, the war could restart until a peace treaty was signed. 16 million people died and 20 million were wounded. Of those 16 million deaths, 7 million were civilians. No one wanted the war to restart, so global leaders met in France at Versailles to discuss peace. They drafted the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the war. November 11, 1918
  • Remember President Wilson, America’s college professor, who became president? Wilson went to the conference with “14 Points” which he said would correct the problems that caused the war. His plans were to eliminate the M.A.I.N. causes of the war. Wilson Returns!
  • No military build-ups No secret alliances The right to self-determination (ability to choose leadership as you see fit) The creation of a League of Nations, an international organization that would resolve conflicts and avoid future wars. What group do we have today based on this idea? The 14 Points
  • The other allies though wanted Germany to PAY!!! And while Wilson wanted to build a lasting peace, the other allied leaders wanted to WEAKEN Germany. And they wanted to INCREASE their standing in the world (MAKE THEIR EMPIRE BIGGER!) The Other Side?
  • Not surprisingly, the rest of the allied leaders chose not to listen to the American president. Remember, we were only in the war for the last year. The only major issue they agreed with him on was the creation of the League of Nations. In an odd turn of events, America did NOT join the League of Nations, which our president came up with. Which Side Won Out?
  • The Treaty (1919) was designed to punish Germany: “War Guilt Clause” – Germany was blamed for the war and had to pay reparations (pay the winners) Limited Germany’s ability to have a large army and no subs or air force Demilitarization of the Rhineland (a part of Europe along the border of Germany, Belgium, and France) And a loss of their empire (Alsace- Lorraine and all oversee lands) The Treaty of Versailles
  • Germany was not happy with this situation. But the bigger problem was that it was not able to pay the debt, leading to years of financial turmoil. Because Russia had already signed an agreement with Germany, was not allowed any say in the peace treaty, making them unhappy. Other countries also were kicked out of negotiation, making them have little desire to follow or enforce its rulings. Other Nations’ Responses