Of opium and boxers

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Of opium and boxers

  1. 1. Of Opium and Boxers…
  2. 2. China Before the Age of Imperialism  China was self-sufficient in the 1700s and 1800s. What does self-sufficient mean?  They didn’t want to trade with other countries. What is the term for a country that does not want to trade?
  3. 3. But those sneaky British….  The British don’t give up so easily. So they went to plan “B.”  The British began selling opium to the Chinese. Opium is a highly addictive drug.  The Chinese government tried to keep it out of China. Think about how our government tries to keep drugs out of America. Does it work?
  4. 4. Escalation!  The Chinese wanted to stop the opium, so they killed the British in China to keep the opium out.  But the British didn’t appreciate this and declared war.  The Opium War was a big loss for China and allowed the British (and other imperials) in.
  5. 5. And yet, at the same time!  China was already having problems.  The Taiping Rebellion was an attempt to create a China without poverty.  As Western (imperial) countries continued entering to trade, China began to change.  All of this pushed the Chinese Emperor to attempt reforms (think Meiji Restoration) which failed.
  6. 6. The Reaction to the Open Door Policy!  The imperial countries were forcing the Chinese to accept trade.  Eventually, America forced China to follow the “Open Door Policy.” What was that?  Some Chinese formed a group called the “Righteous and Harmonious Fists” (we call them the Boxers) which tried to force Westerners from China by using martial arts!
  7. 7. The Boxer Rebellion  The Boxers attacked Europeans, Americans, and Japanese who had moved to China.  They killed missionaries, businessmen, and others.  They were finally defeated by eight countries that fought against them.
  8. 8. The Results of the Rebellion  China was forced to pay the countries that were attacked.  Imperial countries were allowed to keep their spheres of influence  But nationalism began to grow in China!

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