Nationalism in germany
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Nationalism in germany Presentation Transcript

  • 1. » Prior to this time period, Germany was a collection of 39 independent states that helped each other out. ˃They shared cultural and language ˃Two most important: Austria and Prussia
  • 2. » Most Prussians were Germans. » It had a big army. » It had a liberal (based on Enlightenment principles) constitution.
  • 3. » Wilhelm was in charge of Prussia. He was supported by a conservative (supported old ideals) group called the Junkers. » Wilhelm appointed Otto Von Bismark the prime minister. (position similar to the president) » Bismark believed in realpolitik (real life politics). This means he wasn’t a supporter of idealistic, enlightened politics.
  • 4. » Bismark vowed to govern Germany using blood and iron, not speeches. In other words, talk is cheap but he was going to be a man of action. » He embarked on a path of German unification. (What does unification mean?)
  • 5. » Bismark convinced Austria to help Prussia take German lands from Denmark. » He then manipulated Austria into a fight with Prussia and its allies, weakening Austria.
  • 6. » Bismark’s final move to unify Germany was to provide an external enemy. » He lured France, led by Napoleon III, to declare war on the German states. This convinced them it was time to become one country.
  • 7. » After the defeat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War, German unification was complete. » Austria was left on the cold.