India and pakistan

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India and pakistan

  1. 1. India and Pakistan Let’s make like a banana and split!
  2. 2. The WAY BACK Machine  Way back, around World War I, the British had already begun discussing freeing India.  Meanwhile, the Muslim and Hindu populations of India presented a serious potential for fighting.  The Indian National Congress was primarily Hindu and so the Muslims formed a group called the Muslim League.
  3. 3. Mohandas Gandhi  Gandhi led the independence movement of India, using non- violence.  Led boycotts against British clothing  and of British salt.  He also fasted to show his frustration with the British.  What American event and person does this sound like?
  4. 4. Limited Freedom to Total Freedom  Right before World War II, the British gave India self- rule, meaning they could vote for their leaders.  After World War II, Britain was ready to give them complete independence because it was expensive to run India.
  5. 5. Breaking It In Pieces To Keep The Peace  However, fearing a war might break out between the Muslims and Hindus, Britain divided the country into two: India (for Hindus) and Pakistan (for Muslims) in 1947.  Both groups were happy and began moving to their respective areas.
  6. 6. Violence Came Anyway  In spite of this, one million people died during fighting as groups migrated to the new regions.  A major source of problems has been the Kashmir, a place India controls, but that is predominantly Muslim.
  7. 7. Enter: The UN  The situation got so bad that the UN had to get involved.  India was forced to give 1/3 of the region to Pakistan.  Problems still continue.
  8. 8. Enter: Bangladesh?!  The original division of India and Pakistan made little sense because Pakistan was divided into two parts with India in the middle.  Pakistan’s government was located in Western Pakistan and the eastern portion felt ignored.  With India’s aid, East Pakistan fought for, and gained, independence becoming Bangladesh.

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