Exploration of the new world2

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Exploration of the new world2

  1. 1. H O W T H E D I S C O V E R Y O F T H E A M E R I C A S C H A N G E D W O R L D H I S T O R Y F O R E V E R D A Y 2 Exploration of the New World
  2. 2. Colonial Powers England France Spain Portugal Netherlands
  3. 3. Where did the others go?  England (eventually known as the United Kingdom) colonized the eastern coast of North America.  France colonized Canada and eventually the central portion of North America.  The Dutch (Netherland) colonized portions of the United States and some of South America.
  4. 4. Slavery in North America  The North American Colonies didn’t rely on Native American slaves.  They did however import African slaves. The Dutch brought over the first African slaves to America.
  5. 5. Indentured Servants  Some Europeans agreed to be LIKE slaves. They would serve someone for seven years so they could be brought to America. After that time, they became freed. They were called Indentured Servants.  Others were brought over because they were criminals or owed large sums of money. This type of indentured servant was used primarily in Georgia.
  6. 6. The French and the Indians  The French and the Indians traded for animal pelts.  This created a partnership, much like the European/Asian trade groups.  When the English and French fought in a big war over their colonies, the Indians in large numbers supported the French. That is why it is called the “French and Indian War.”
  7. 7. About that war….  The British and the French began arguing over colonies in North America. This led to one of the first truly global wars.  Americans fought for the British. Canada, controlled by France, fought for the French. Famous Americans, like George Washington, fought in the war.  England won and France lost Canada to England. Many French Canadians moved to Louisiana, still owned by France, and became known as Cajuns.
  8. 8. French and Dutch English  Colonies were governed very loosely. This allowed the colonists a great deal of say in the day to day life.  English colonies were generally governed by representatives they voted for.  This was similar to English government back home. Who ran the Colonies?
  9. 9. Jamestown Plymouth Rock  Jamestown was founded as a trading settlement  Goal was to make money  Puritans (we call them Pilgrims) set up Plymouth Rock so they could have religious freedom. Two Most Famous English Colonies

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