Don’t lose your head

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Don’t lose your head

  1. 1. Don’t Lose Your Head The French Revolution Gets a Little Out of Hand!
  2. 2. First Attempt to Change Things • In 1791, the French established a constitutional monarchy (a monarchy with established laws) o This weakened the power of the king o Gave the people power to elect a legislative body
  3. 3. Sadly…. • The Revolution became more and more radical o Within a few months, they stopped using the constitution o They arrested the king o The Legislature took over the country and became known as the Convention.
  4. 4. Second Round of Changes…. • France became a republic with universal male suffrage (what’s a republic? What’s suffrage?) • Instituted a draft to fight other countries that might attack them. (what’s a draft?)
  5. 5. Introducing the guillotine! • To keep the people in line, France began using the guillotine. • Enemies of the republic (criminals or those rich guys who might try and restore the old ways) were put to death by the guillotine, which was considered a quick death. • Beheadings became popular entertainment.
  6. 6. Introducing the Jacobins • The most radical of the revolutionaries belonged to a group called the Jacobins. • Their leader was Maximilien Robespierre. • Quickly became a dictator and started the “Reign of Terror” (goodbye republic!)
  7. 7. Reign of Terror • 25000-40000 were put to death in the “Reign of Terror” as threats to the republic. • Even the King and Queen were put to death. o Supposedly Marie Antoinette’s last words were “Let them eat cake.” (Not really true)
  8. 8. What goes around…. • In 1794, the National Convention (governing body of the French “Republic”) decided Robespierre was a danger and sent him to the guillotine also. • So now what??!!

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