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Containment

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  • 1. CONTAINMENT
  • 2. REVIEW  At the end of World War II, America and the Soviet Union disagreed over politics (freedom versus unlimited governments) and economics (capitalism versus socialism).  These disagreements created the Cold War – a heated disagreement between the countries after World War II.
  • 3. CONTAINMENT  After the war, the Soviet Union wanted to spread communism.  America wanted to contain (limit or stop) the spread of communism and instead spread democracy (voting).
  • 4. PAY-OFFS  President Truman was worried communism would spread and eventually take over the United States.  Because of this, he came up with a US foreign policy where America gave money to countries to convince them not to become communist.
  • 5. THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE  This idea was called the Truman Doctrine.  It was used as a way to help stave off another depression in Europe which might lead to European countries becoming communist like Russia had to solve their depression.  $400 million dollars was given to Greece and Turkey.
  • 6. THE MARSHALL PLAN  The Marshall Plan was (to a degree) an extension of the Truman Doctrine. $12.5 billion dollars was given to Western Europe to help rebuild and keep the entire region from becoming communist.
  • 7. GOODBYE LEAGUE OF NATIONS  Because the League of Nations failed to stop World War II from happening, the League of Nations was replaced by the United Nations. (same concept; new name)  The UN’s job is to stop global conflicts and prevent wars.
  • 8. WHAT’S THE DEAL WITH THE UN?  It has two major differences from the League of Nations:  It has access to a military if it needs to stop war.  America became a member right away.  It actually got involved in the Korean War and the division of Germany.

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