What is Stress?
• Stress is the body and
mind’s reaction to
– Distress is negative
– Eustress is positive
• Stressors are any stimulus that produces
a stress response.
– A person
– An object
– A place
– An event
A stressor can vary from one person to the
Kinds of Stressors
• Biological- Comes from a biochemical imbalance,
mental or physical illness
• Environmental- Such as poverty, pollution,
crowding noise, natural disasters
• Cognitive- The way you perceive a situation
• Personal behavior- Negative reaction in the body or
mind caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or drugs,
or not exercising
• Life situation- Dealing with life’s ups and downs
Stages of Stress on the Body
• Stage 1
• Is the stress response, when the body goes on high alert.
• Adrenaline,”emergency hormone” is secreted by the adrenal
glands to prepare the body to respond to the stressor.
• Fight or flight mode
– When the body tries to repair its damage from the
stressful event and return to normal.
– Physical resistance to the stressor reaches its peak.
This is why people involved in extremely high stress
situations have been known to accomplish incredible
feats of strength.
– If the stage continues for too long, both body and
mind may show ill effects.
– Resulting in a tired feeling that lowers one’s level
Changes in the body
1. Heart beat
2. Breathing is fast and deep
3. Perspiration increases
4. Muscles tense
5. Adrenal glands secrete adrenaline
Stress and the body
• Stress and High Blood
• Stress and Headache
• Stress and Asthma
• Stress and Immune
• Type A- a competitive, high achieving
• Type B- a “laid back”, non-competitive
Type A is more likely to develop heart problems
and type B may be more likely to hold on to
• Identify the problem
• Plan ahead
• Re-channel energy
• Relaxing and laughing
• Seek support
• Develop time
– Using time effective
• Short term goals
• Long term goals
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