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  • Computerworld: http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9002540&source=rss_topic88The Rise of the Virtual Machine: http://www.xensource.com/files/VM_Whitepaper_TWP.pdf
  • Computerworld: http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9002540&source=rss_topic88The Rise of the Virtual Machine: http://www.xensource.com/files/VM_Whitepaper_TWP.pdf
  • Linus quote: https://lists.linux-foundation.org/pipermail/desktop_architects/2007-August/002446.html
  • Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager is a comprehensive management solution for the virtualized data center. It enables increased physical server utilization, centralized management of virtual machine infrastructure, and rapid provisioning of new virtual machines by the administrator and certified end users.

Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V Presentation Transcript

  • Windows Server 2008Hyper-V
    Jeff Woolsey
    Senior Program Manager
    Windows Virtualization
    Microsoft Corporation
  • Objectives And Takeaways
    Objective(s):
    Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V
    Architecture
    Security
    Virtualization Demo
    System Center
    Virtual Machine Manager
    Operations Manager
    Configuration Manager
    Data Protection Manager
    Compare current Microsoft offerings with Windows Server virtualization
  • Virtualization in the Industry
  • Virtualization Benefits
    Utilization
    Server consolidation
    Flexibility
    Business Continuity
  • Virtualization Market Today
    Computerworld
    “Although virtualization has been the buzz among technology providers, only 6% of enterprises have actually deployed virtualization on their networks, said Levine, citing a TWP Research report. That makes the other 94% a wide-open market.”
    The Rise of the Virtual Machine and the Real Impact It Will Have
    “We calculate that roughly 6% of new servers sold last year were virtualized and project that 7% of those sold this year will be virtualized and believe that less than 4% of the X86 server installed base has been virtualized to date.
  • Virtualization 2010
    Information Week Oct. 2007
    “The [virtualization field] is nowhere near saturated. IDC estimates that only 17% of the worldwide server market will be virtualized by 2010, up from 5% in 2005.”
  • Virtualization Investments
    Management
    Infrastructure
    Applications
    Interoperability
    Licensing
    Terminal Services
    Create agility
    Better utilizeserver resources
    Partner with AMD and Intel
    Ease consolidationonto virtual infrastructure
    Better utilizemanagementresources
    Free up IT spending
    Supportheterogeneityacross thedatacenter
    OSP (Open Specification Promise) VHD
    Acceleratedeployment
    Reduce the cost of supportingapplications
    Turn applications into dynamic, real-time services
    Deliver cost-effective, flexible and simplified licensing
    Royalty Free VHD format
  • Microsoft Virtualized InfrastructureProviding the best solutions
    Management
    Presentation
    Virtualization
    Application
    Virtualization
    Desktop
    Virtualization
    Server
    Virtualization
  • Machine Virtualization
    Virtualization enables multiple computers in software
  • Microsoft IT Going Green
    Test/Development Use
    Virtual Server in heavy use for 18+ months
    500+ virtual machines
    Consolidation Ratios
    16 servers to 1 server
    Production Use
    Virtual Server in heavy use for 18+ months
    2,000+ virtual machines
    ~100 new VMs per month
    Consolidation Ratios
    8 servers to 1 server
    Test/Development Savings:
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Windows Server 2008
    Server Roles
    Active Directory Certificate Services
    Active Directory Domain Services
    Active Directory Federation Services
    Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
    Active Directory Rights Managements Services
    Application Server
    DHCP Server
    DNS Server
    Fax Server
    Server Roles
    File Services
    Hyper-V
    Network Policy and Access Services
    Print Services
    Streaming Media Services
    Terminal Services
    UDDI Services
    Web Server/IIS 7.0
    Windows Deployment Services
    Windows SharePoint Services
  • Hyper-V
    Description:
    Hypervisor based virtualization platform
    Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition technology
    Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter Editions
    Standards based
    Hardware Requirements
    Hardware assisted virtualization
    AMD AMD-V or Intel VT
    Hardware enabled Data Execution Prevention (DEP) required
    AMD (NX no execute bit)
    Intel (XD execute disable)
  • Hot off the Press
    eWEEK Labs Tests Windows Server 2008 Virtualization
    “Along with the Release Candidate 0 build of Windows 2008 that Microsoft recently released came the debut public appearance of Microsoft's Windows Hypervisor, once known by the code name Viridian. Based on eWEEK Labs' early tests of the RC0 code, Microsoft's VMware challenger appears to be off to a good start.”
    Source: http://www.eweek.com/slideshow/0,1206,a=215966,00.asp
  • Architecture
  • VMM Arrangements
    Hypervisor Virtualization
    Hosted Virtualization
    Guest 1
    Guest 2
    Guest 1
    Guest 2
    VMM
    Host OS
    VMM
    Hardware
    Hardware
    Examples:
    • VMware Workstation
    • KVM
    • Virtual PC & Virtual Server
    Examples:
    • VMware ESX
    • Xen
    • Hyper-V
  • Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Drivers
    Monolithic vs. Microkernelized
    Monolithic hypervisor
    Simpler than a modern kernel, but still complex
    Contains its own drivers model
    Microkernelized hypervisor
    Simple partitioning functionality
    Increase reliability and minimize TCB
    No third-party code
    Drivers run within guests
    VM 1
    (Admin)
    VM 2
    VM 3
    VM 2
    (“Child”)
    VM 3
    (“Child”)
    VM 1(“Parent”)
    Virtual-
    ization
    Stack
    Hypervisor
    Hypervisor
    Hardware
    Hardware
  • Provided by:
    Hyper-V Architecture
    OS
    ISV / IHV / OEM
    VM Worker Processes
    Microsoft Hyper-V
    Microsoft / XenSource
    Parent Partition
    Child Partitions
    Applications
    Applications
    Applications
    Applications
    User Mode
    WMI Provider
    VM Service
    Windows Kernel
    Windows Kernel
    Xen-Enabled Linux Kernel
    Windows Server 2003, 2008
    Windows Server 2008
    Non-Hypervisor Aware OS
    Linux VSC
    VSC
    VSP
    IHV Drivers
    Kernel Mode
    VMBus
    Hypercall Adapter
    Emulation
    VMBus
    VMBus
    Windows hypervisor
    Ring -1
    “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware
  • Applications
    Parent Partition
    Child Partitions
    Provided by:
    Windows
    Hyper-V
    ISV
    User Mode
    OEM
    iSCSIprt
    StorPort
    Volume
    Partition
    Windows File System
    Disk
    Disk
    StorPort
    Miniport
    Windows hypervisor
    Kernel Mode
    “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware with HAV
    Hardware
    VMBus
    Fast Path Filter (VSC)
    Virtual Service
    Client (VSC)
    Virtual Service
    Provider (VSP)
    VM Worker Process
    Storage VSP/VSC Design
  • Hyper-V
    Built-In Capabilities
    32-bit (x86) & 64-bit (x64) VMs
    Large memory support (64 GB) per VM
    SMP VMs (up to 4 cores)
    Integrated cluster support for Quick Migration and HA
    Volume Shadow Service integration for data protection
    Pass-through disk access for VMs
    Virtual Machine snapshots
    New hardware sharing architecture (VSP/VSC/VMBus)
    Disk, networking, input, video
    Robust networking: VLANs and NLB
    DMTF standard for WMI management interface
    Support for Full or Server Core installations
  • Windows Server Core
    Windows Server frequently deployed for a single role
    MustdeployandservicetheentireOS in earlier Windows Server releases
    Server Core a new minimal installation option
    Provides essential server functionality
    Command Line Interface only, no GUI Shell
    Benefits
    Fundamentally improves availability
    Less code results in fewer patches and reduced servicing burden
    Low surface area server for targeted roles
    More secure and reliable with less management
  • Security
    Isolation
    No sharing of virtualized devices
    Separate VMBus per vm to the parent
    No sharing of memory
    Each has its own address space
    VMs cannot communicate with each other, except through traditional networking
    Guests can’t perform DMA attacks because they’re never mapped to physical devices
    Guests cannot write to the hypervisor
    Parent partition cannot write to the hypervisor
  • Virtualization Demo
  • Windows Virtualization High Availability & Quick Migration
  • Virtualization and High-Availability
    Traditional Non-Virtualized Environment
    Downtime is bad, but affects only one workload
    Virtualized Environment
    Value of the physical server goes up
    Downtime is far worse because multiple workloads are affected
    Virtualization and High-Availability Go Hand in Hand
  • Windows Server VirtualizationHigh Availability
    Providing solutions for both planned and unplanned downtime
    Planned downtime
    Quickly move virtualized workloads to service underlying hardware
    More common than unplanned
    Unplanned downtime
    Automatic failover to other nodes (hardware or power failure)
    Not as common and more difficult
  • Quick MigrationFundamentals
    Save state
    Save entire vm state
    Move virtual machine
    Move storage connectivity from origin to destination host
    Restore state and Run
    Restore vm and run
    Done
    VHDs
    SAN Storage
    Network Connectivity
  • Quick Migration Video
  • Microsoft System Center
  • Microsoft System Center
    Operations Manager 2007
    Comprehensive, overall view of the health of your IT environment
    Track thousands of event and performance monitors across hundreds of operating systems and applications
    Best-of-breed, end-to-end service management
    Configuration Manager 2007
    Secure and scalable operating system and application deployment
    Desired configuration management, enhancing system security
    Comprehensive asset management of servers, desktops, and mobile devices
    Data Protection Manager 2007
    Delivers consistent data protection
    Supports near-continuous data protection with centralized backup of branch offices and backup enhancements within the data center
    Virtual Machine Manager…
  • VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    VM
    A centralized management application solution for the virtual data center
    Maximize Resources
    • Centralized virtual machine deployment and management
    • Intelligent placement of virtual machines
    • Fast and reliable Physical to Virtual (P2V) and Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion
    • Comprehensive service-level enterprise monitoring with Microsoft® Operations Manager
    Increase Agility
    • Rapid provisioning of new and virtual machines with templates and profiles
    • Centralized library of infrastructure components
    • Take advantage and extend existing storage infrastructure
    • Allow for delegated management of virtual machines
    Take Advantage of Skills
    • Familiar interface, common foundation
    • Monitor physical and virtual machines from one console
    • Fully scriptable using Windows PowerShell™
  • Virtual Machine Manager
    Host
    Groups
    Context-Sensitive
    Actions
    Virtual Machine
    Views
    Centralized
    Library
    Live
    Thumbnail
  • Virtual Server 2005 vs. Hyper-V
  • 2008
    Windows Server Virtualization Preview
    with Windows Server 2008 RC0
    System Center Virtual Machine Manager RTM
    Support for Virtual Server
    System Center Operations Manager RTM
    System Center Configuration Manager RTM
    System Center Data Protection Manager RTM
    Virtual Server R2 SP1 RTM
    Microsoft Roadmap
    Now
    Windows®Server BETA Hyper-V Release
    with Windows Server 2008 RTM Release
    Windows®Server Virtualization Release
    within 180 days of Windows Server 2008 Release
    System Center Virtual Machine Manager “Next”
    Adds support for Windows Server Virtualization
  • Online Resources
    Microsoft Virtualization Home:
    http://www.microsoft.com/virtualization
    Windows Server Virtualization Blog Site:
    http://blogs.technet.com/virtualization/default.aspx
    Windows Server Virtualization TechNet Site:
    http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/servermanager/virtualization.mspx
    Windows Server Virtualization CTP (with RC0) Release Notes:
    http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=3ED582F0-F844-40BA-B692-230845AF1149&displaylang=en
    Windows Server Virtualization CTP Step-By-Step Installation Guide:
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/virtualization/install.mspx
  • © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.
    The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.