Brief history of the 'Virtual'
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Brief history of the 'Virtual'

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10Min presentation to Sociology- ISSTI meeting on the 'Virtual'

10Min presentation to Sociology- ISSTI meeting on the 'Virtual'

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Brief history of the 'Virtual' Brief history of the 'Virtual' Presentation Transcript

  • A short history of “the virtual”
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  • 1975 MUD
  • 1978 BBS
  • Anonymity
    • > JK Jacobus: Hi …
  • Anonymity
  • Avatars
  • Identity
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  • Academics
    • Psychology of online gaming, BBSs and workplace email
    • Social psychology of Computer mediated communication (CMC)
      • R educed Cues theories etc
      • E nhanced social cues
      • E ffects on communities and decision making
    • Identity in MUDs (e.g. Turkle)
  • Virtual Community
  • 1990s Community threats
    • Putman – Bowling Alone, social capital argument
    • Trust, social cohesion, social exclusion
    • Kraut et al 1997 – reduction in community participation
    • Wellman et al 1998 – Reverse. networked individualism
    • Social network analysis. Weak tie/strong tie
    • ‘ Glocalism’
    • I m agined Communities, Third Spaces
    • C ommunity online or online community
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  • Cyberspace
    • Where the banks ‘keep’ your money
  • Virtual Worlds
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  • Information Society theories
    • Surveillance Society
    • Digital Economy
    • Virtual organisations
    • Post-industrial society
    • Post-modern society
    • Virtual Community
    • Post-nation-state
    • Space of Flows
    • Flexible, non-hierarchical
    • Death of Distance
    • Simulations
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  • 2000s Use of internet
    • USA 76% of adults (Pew May 08) 24%
    • UK 67% (OxII 2007) 33% non-users
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  • Gossip
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  • Participation
    • Posting to the Internet
    • OIS 2005
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  • Dense communications: multi-modality
  • New Virtual
    • Data trails become a shadow of reality
    • ‘ Real’ virtual spaces, Simulations of ‘reality’
    • e,.g. Maps, databases
    • How is real world modelled, controlled, virtual world linked to ‘real’ world?
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  • Virtual Presence
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  • Pure virtual - M ixed reality
    • No longer a minority interest – core to all social, economic and political activities
    • Mediated sociality. IT appropriated to facilitate forms of symbolic interaction
    • New forms of community, new structures of society
  • Concerns
    • Dangers – esp children, policy for this. Stalking, bullying
    • Relationships between children and parents
    • Transferable social capital from purely online domains.
    • Generation issues in participation
    • Building trust – experience of trust
    • Digital exclusion
    • Microsocial habits
    • How do communities work in age of network individualism, CMC etc
    • Global subcultures
    • Criminality
    • Migration – international networks
    • Privacy – changing concepts of privacy
    • Privatisation of public space
    • Networked organisation of work
    • ‘ Flexiblity’
    • telework
    • New forms of interactions and communities
    • New roles for virtual objects and exchanges
    • Intimacy and the net
    • Memory that never dies
    • Future of neighbourhood
    • New politics
  • Implications for methods
    • Stage 1 – study how people interact using electronic media
    • Stage 2 – study of ‘virtual’ spaces and relationships
    • Stage 3 – electronic comms, organisation, community and identity in everyday life – look at the interactions
    • Stage 4 – Normalisation of CMC – any social research includes virtual spaces, sources and relationships
  • Sources
    • Email exchanges
    • Blog posts
    • Mailing lists and discussion groups
    • Chat and ‘realtime’ online logs
    • Video and audio communocations – prerecorded and ‘live’
    • Social network sites
    • Microblogging – twitter etc
    • Realtime recording of everything
    • PO at a distance.
    • Huge datasets
    • Crowdsourcing
    • Mobile logging
    • R eal-time questionnaires
    • Transparent communities
    • Status of texts
    • Ethics of PO