Annotation and the marginalia of everyday life

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What is the value of Tweets and status updates: an analysis from the perspective of the annotation and marginalia

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  • From LoC Blog
  • Not new (confucius, proverbs,notes etc)
  • www.flickr.com/photos/ auntycookie/2668980765/ July 15, 2008by Aunty Cookie CC
  • http://www.37days.com/2005/11/always_carry_a_.html PATTI DIGH 2 NOVEMBER 2005 Always carry a pencil
  • Annotation and the marginalia of everyday life

    1. 1. Annotation of Everyday life James Stewart University of Edinburgh Marginalia? The world, Our lives? Add email: j.k.stewart@ed.ac.uk Maybe add a picture here, don’t really like blank sides
    2. 2. <ul><li>“ Every public tweet, ever, since Twitter’s inception in March 2006, will be archived digitally at the Library of Congress. That’s a LOT of tweets, by the way: Twitter processes more than 50 million tweets every day, with the total numbering in the billions.” </li></ul>
    3. 5. Gossip
    4. 6. <ul><li>What is the Value of these new text forms? </li></ul><ul><li>Value to whom, why, how long for etc </li></ul><ul><li>Value in creation, value in reading, value in aggregation? </li></ul>
    5. 7. Mutual shaping of media, formats and forms: <ul><li>New media technologies – paper, sound recording, telegraph etc </li></ul><ul><li>New formats: newspaper, book, television channel etc </li></ul><ul><li>New forms of expression: the novel, the sitcom, the jingle, the album, the collection of poetry…. </li></ul>time space cost and control
    6. 8. Social Learning in Innovation <ul><li>The media support does not predetermine the form of expression or its use. </li></ul><ul><li>New forms and formats based on existing and new ones created. </li></ul><ul><li>Social processes and individual invention shape emergence of new media, forms and formats </li></ul><ul><li>We are in a period of rapid change (still), with constantly changing and emerging practices. </li></ul>
    7. 9. New texts <ul><li>1. Standardised, formalised, machine records </li></ul><ul><li>2. Freeform: SMS, emails, bulletin posts, comment posts, Blog posts, web pages, twitter posts, twitter feeds, infinite hypertext documents, Google search results, wiki texts, Online chats, Facebook status updates, tags… </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to untangle the formats and the forms – constantly changing. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge popularity of short texts – these texts are pervading our lives. </li></ul>
    8. 10. Appropriation and innovation <ul><li>Professionals, industry and government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The usual suspects and some new ones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ content’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People in their everyday lives. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massification of text production: We are all able to create. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading new texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing new texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practices of TEXT </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. Practices of text <ul><li>Communication with others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1, 2, multi-way, broadcast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information exchange, broadcast, rhetoric, ‘stroking’… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life performed in ‘realtime’ though electronic communications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making sense of the world and one’s place in it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practices of recording and remembering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diaries, logs, minutes, photos, search logs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why record, how we use. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 12. Memory Spaces
    11. 13. Practices of Text Communication Interpretation Memory Expression Power
    12. 14. Old texts to new <ul><li>Brands to Tags </li></ul>
    13. 15. Linking the ‘virtual’ and the real
    14. 16. The tag <ul><li>Tag - sign, brand, logo, link, classifier, badge, mark, stamp, touch, seal, signifier, instruction, command, call to action, identifier, ticket, rule etc etc </li></ul>
    15. 18. Tags and Tagging <ul><li>Form: E.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Label </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Markup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formal and Informal </li></ul><ul><li>What does a tag do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classify </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark track – memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives instructions, directions (to use) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trad: tagging controlled. </li></ul><ul><li>Now: Anyone can tag, anything can be a tag, anything can be tagged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of tag spaces, tag communities etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergent, folksonomy, context dependent, ambiguous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic, multiple media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electronic Tag systems can be used to explore, search and recombine texts, spaces, communities etc using software tools </li></ul><ul><li>Need some more focused idea… </li></ul>
    16. 21. Annotation and Margin Notes <ul><li>A Type of Tagging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal : markup, classification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short, Ambiguous, Context dependent, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Everyday commenting (oral) interpretive, communicative </li></ul><ul><li>Textual, Critical, interpretive tagging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Margin Notes < Marginalia, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Memory and Interpretive work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used ‘going along’ and for later access and commentary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A richer, more personal, contingent practice than simple tagging. (possibly) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now shared, linked, communicative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitters, status updates, youtube comments, comments on online journals etc etc </li></ul></ul>
    17. 22. Issues <ul><li>Ambiguity: the good and the bad </li></ul><ul><li>Decontextualised – but also deeply contextualised </li></ul><ul><li>Short text – infinite text </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-voice, but few dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>Infinitely recombinable, and lacking internal structure </li></ul>
    18. 23. Marginalia of everyday life: How are they valuable and where are these texts going? <ul><li>How do we use them: why do we create and read them? </li></ul><ul><li>How might we use them in the future: memory work </li></ul><ul><li>What can we learn from them as academics? </li></ul><ul><li>What concepts, tools form the humanities can be applied to these new corpori of text? And v.v. </li></ul><ul><li>Can we get scholars to share annotations? </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-disciplinary </li></ul>

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