Private Applications of Local Government Risk Metrics

  • 501 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
501
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5

Actions

Shares
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. PRIVATE APPLICATIONS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT RISK METRICS American Society for Public Administration 2014 Annual Conference 14 March 2014 – 355e3b63b69c James P. Howard, II School of Public and International Affairs
  • 2. COLUMBIA ASSOCIATION, INC.
  • 3. About Columbia ◦ Established in Howard County, Maryland in 1967 ◦ Fully planned community ◦ Designed by one developer, the Rouse Company ◦ Approximately 100,000 residents 3
  • 4. About the Columbia Association ◦ Established by the Rouse Company ◦ Provides parks and recreation services ◦ Not a governmental entity ◦ Structured as a membership organization 4
  • 5. Columbia Association Finances ◦ Annual revenues of approximately $63 million (FY2013) ◦ Used borrowing extensively in early years to fund capital and operating costs ◦ Accessed capital markets initial through private placement ◦ Now borrows directly in lending markets 5
  • 6. FINANCIAL CONDITION MEASURES
  • 7. Solvency and Liquidity Measures ◦ Liquidity measures use ratios to identify short-term issues ◦ Solvency measures use ratios to identify long-term issues ◦ Ratios can be compared across different governments ◦ Can be calculated from publically-available data ◦ There are many ratios to choose from, but four stand out1 1 Judy Wesalo Temel. The Fundamentals of Municipal Bonds. 5th ed. John Wiley & Sons, 2001, p. 176. 7
  • 8. Debt Service Burden2 debt service burden = total debt service revenues (1) 2 Steven A. Finkler et al. Financial Management for Public, Health, and Not-for-Profit Organizations. 4th ed. Prentice Hall, 2012, pp. 574–576. 8
  • 9. Debt Burden3 debt burden = total debt population (2) 3 Ibid., pp. 574–576. 9
  • 10. Debt Carrying Capacity debt carrying capacity = total debt assessed value (3) 10
  • 11. Debt Finance Capacity debt finance capacity = per capita debt per capita income (4) 11
  • 12. THE CA'S FISCAL HEALTH
  • 13. Sample Ratios, FY 20064 Howard Annapolis CA General Obligation Debt 541,323,315 48,264,854 63,035,000 Debt Service 67,132,766 2,838,210 12,703,000 Assessed Value 29,852,994,080 4,150,982,690 8,034,858,000 Revenue 996,345,521 46,079,248 52,923,000 Property Tax 353,894,412 23,245,058 26,060,000 Operating Expenses 931,195,501 42,951,755 30,775,000 Population 276,287 37,300 98,383 Per Capita Income 54,924 44,927 54,924 debt service burden 6.74 6.16 24.00 debt burden 1,959 1,294 641 debt carrying capacity 1.81 1.16 0.78 debt finance capacity 3.57 2.88 1.17 4 James P. Howard, II et al. Measuring the Financial Health of the Columbia Association. Budget Advisory Committee. Columbia, Maryland: Columbia Association, Inc., February 8, 2007. 13
  • 14. Debt Carrying Capacity 0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Percent Jurisdiction Annapolis CA Rockville 14
  • 15. Debt Service Burden 10 20 30 40 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Percent Jurisdiction Annapolis CA Rockville 15
  • 16. CLOSING
  • 17. Conclusions ◦ The CA can use traditional municipal debt metrics ◦ The results can be misleading and out of proportion ◦ This should be applicable to other private corporations that collect leins 17
  • 18. Acknowledgements ◦ Sean Harbaugh, Columbia Association ◦ Susan Krabbe, Columbia Association ◦ Gavin Cohen, City of Rockville ◦ Melissa S. Leaman, City of Annapolis ◦ Ed Gibson, University of Baltimore 18