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Geography: Is There Hope For Sudan?

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Geography: Is There Hope For Sudan? Presentation Transcript

  • 1. IS THERE HOPE FOR SUDAN IN THE FUTURE? What problems has Sudan faced? What solutions are Sudan faced with? Where is Sudan? What opinions are there?
  • 2. Where is Sudan? North Hemisphere It is the largest country in Africa and the tenth largest in the world. North East of the Continent of Africa Bordered by Egypt (north), Red Sea (north-east), Eritrea and Ethiopia (east), Kenya and Uganda (south-east), Democratic Republic of Congo and Central African Republic (south-west), Chad (west) and Libya (northwest). It’s capital is Khartoum It’s largest city is Omdurman The river Nile splits it between the east and west sides.
  • 3. Africa Sudan Capital Could You Imagine That Poverty, Slavery and Great Civil Wars Were Happening in Sudan?
  • 4. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? Sudan used to be under British rule from 1899 to 1955 – but in 1956 (as Sudan became independent) pressure grew. The country had to be ruled by a ‘make-shift’ government, which made the country very diverse.
  • 5. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? Only in 1962 was the country in a civil way (in the Southern region) after the government was overthrown by general Abbud.
  • 6. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? Then in 1978 oil was found in Sudan – this led to another civil war between North Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Between 1988 and 1993 there is unstable ruling power and conflict between Egypt and Sudan.
  • 7. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? Then in 1998 USA launched an air attack on Sudan. On a pharmacy in Khartoum, alleging that it was making materials for chemical weapons.
  • 8. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? In 1999 Sudan started to export oil but from 2000 – 20001 the country remained in civil war. In February of 2003 rebels in western region of Darfur rise up against the government, claiming that they are being neglected.
  • 9. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? The violence in Darfur is reported to be brutal and violent. Some black Darfuri survivors move to safe neighbouring countries like Chad (into rescue homes) but get sick and the rescue homes get overcrowded. There is still NO peace in Darfur and Sudan.
  • 10. What Problems Have Sudan Had To Face? To the present day there is still no stability in Sudan , although the war in Darfur is reported to be over – they still have not recovered. They hope to be stable in the South of Sudan from 2011.
  • 11. The End Of War? – What Solutions Are Up For Grabs In Sudan? After a civil war and genocide a country will need to build up their confidence, harver respect from citizens, boost food levels, fix – up land and gain money. Sudan has an $8 billion, six year reconstructive plan, called the ‘Framework of Sustained Peace, Development and Poverty Education in Sudan’. The reconstructive plan is mainly funded from Sudan’s oil profits. This money should go towards basic services: clean water, health etc… The government of Sudan could try to build-up education in the local villages so that people know how THEY could help!
  • 12. Is there hope for Sudan? – My opinion… Personally I do think that there is hope for Sudan – although it may take a lot of time. The solution of the ‘Framework for Sustained Peace, Development and Poverty Eradication in Sudan’ should be a huge success – but they need to think hard about where the money will come from. Although it has been agreed that the money should come from their oil profits they really need to think about how they are going to sell it. This is a problem that if they would’ve thought about earlier, they would not have had as many wars and be in as much poverty. At the end of the day hope lies in how far they are willing to go to build up their independence and stability.
  • 13. Video 1 Video 2 Video 3 Welcome to the Cinema! Please click on a video below to watch! End Show
  • 14. Video 1 Video 2 Video 3 Welcome to the Cinema! Please click on a video below to watch! End Show
  • 15. Video 1 Video 2 Video 3 Welcome to the Cinema! Please click on a video below to watch! End Show