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Presentation given to Canadian Institutes of Health Research dinner in Iqaluit Tuesday May 12, 2010.

Presentation given to Canadian Institutes of Health Research dinner in Iqaluit Tuesday May 12, 2010.

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Inuit health in a changing climate Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Inuit health in a changing climate
    • Dr. James D. Ford
    • Dept. of Geography, McGill University
  • 2.
    • Inuit of Nunavut know this first hand
    • Known for a long time
  • 3.
    • Scientists have also detected change
    From Correll (2010)
  • 4.
    • Scientists have also detected change
    From Correll (2010)
  • 5. Corell 2010
  • 6. Ford et al., (2009)
  • 7. Canadian Ice Service (2010)
  • 8. IQALUIT
  • 9.
    • Climate link maybe direct or indirect
    • Direct
    • Climate dependent health outcomes
      • Food-borne / waterborne contamination
      • Infectious diseases
    • Indirect
    • 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th order impacts
      • E.g. Traditional foods
      • E.g. Danger and injury
      • E.g. Mental health
  • 10.
    • CC emerging research focus in health
    • Climate change a major threat to health
      • Lancet Commission (Costello et al 2009, p.1697)
        • “ The potential health effects of climate change are immense.”
  • 11.
    • What will the future look like?
      • Warmer: >5C warming
      • More rainfall
      • Less ice, more open water
      • More unstable ice
      • Could be implications for animals
  • 12.
    • Mitigation
      • Reducing / stabilizing GHGs
    • Adaptation
      • Plan for, prevent, and manage health impacts of climate change
      • Essential response
        • Impacts unavoidable
        • Already occurring
  • 13.
    • McGill Vulnerability & Adaptation Group
      • Partnership with communities and policy makers to identify adaptation needs and opportunities for adaptation
      • Health research focuses on:
        • Food systems
        • Dangers of hunting
  • 14.
    • Aim: how will climate change affect Inuit food systems in Nunavut?
      • 2008 – 2012 (SSHRC, Nasivvik, Health Canada)
    • Preliminary findings
      • Climate change having impacts
      • People adapting
      • Constraints: cost, time
      • Low income hunting households
      • Adaptation
        • Hunter support, community hunters
        • Store food knowledge, promotion
  • 15.
    • Aim #1: Food security status of users of community food programs in Iqaluit, Arviat, Inuvik, Kuujjuaq
    • Aim #2: Climate change pathways
      • 2010-2013 (?) (ArcticNet, Nasivvik)
      • Profile Iqaluit work which began in February
  • 16.
    • What aspects of your everyday life affect what you eat and how much you eat?
  • 17. “ It’s one of our favourite country foods. I feel better when I eat country food” “ I’m already getting hungry…” “ Makes me want to go hunting!”
  • 18. “ Those of us who don’t have skidoo’s, we come here to get our country food…This is where we get the most.” “ I feel better when I eat country food. I like coming here because I can eat country food….I don’t like eating only store food”
  • 19. “ If I could afford it I would get the country food at the store instead of these.” “ It’s worse in other communities…But it’s already too expensive compared to the South” “ The high cost of living here is crazy...”
  • 20. Museum display
    • Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum, Iqaluit
      • Opens this week
  • 21. Other KT
  • 22.
    • Currently doing interviews with community food program users
      • Who?
      • Why?
      • How often?
    • Importance
      • Tukisigiarvik: 3500 drop-ins/yr
      • Food Bank: 1062 visits/yr
      • Soup Kitchen: 9000 meals/yr
    • Same approach, similar questions in all case studies
  • 23.
    • Completed projects:
      • Arctic Bay, Igloolik (2002-2009: SSHRC, ArcticNet, Nasivvik)
    • Findings
      • More dangerous ice, boating and trail conditions
      • People are adapting
        • BUT constraints
        • BUT emerging vulnerabilities a big concern
      • Adaptation
        • Harvester support
        • Land skills training
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. + Hazard maps
  • 27.
    • Climate is changing
    • Health implications
    • Adaptation can moderate impacts
    • Finding ways to support adaptation
      • Informed by IQ
      • Informed by science
    • What next?
      • IDRC’s IRIACC: Indigenous health and climate change
    McGill research
  • 28. To find out more: www.jamesford.ca