Technology transfer – changes in the materials and containers used to store and transport wine
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Technology transfer – changes in the materials and containers used to store and transport wine

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Technology transfer – changes in the materials and containers used to store and transport wine Technology transfer – changes in the materials and containers used to store and transport wine Presentation Transcript

  • By James Durrans 2012000216
  •  Wineskins • Wineskins are made from animal hide or bladders • It is not known when the wineskin was invented, but are some of the oldest known containers for wine • Wineskins were seen as useful, durable containers Sourced From: http://www.onefaithonechurch.com/index.php/wineskins/.
  •  Amphorae  Amphorae are made of clay  Was seen as a perfect material because it can be formed into countless shapes and sizes.  They have been dated as far back at 4800 BC, by the Ancient Greeks Sourced From: http://heathencritique.wordpress.com/2010/04/04/babylon- rising-chapters-16-17/
  •   Originally used for storage, and not for transfer of wine because there was not an effective way to stop the wine spilling out  Clay Stoppers, oil-soaked rags, and wooden stoppers were used to stop wine spilling before the cork became popular  Amphorae are shaped with a long neck, and a pair of handles at the top. Amphorae
  •  Barrels  Barrels are made from oak  It is believed they originated around 350BC, by the Celtics  The first barrels were probably not made for wine, but more likely they were made for beer  By the first century AD, barrels were commonly used across the Roman Empire for wine Sourced From: http://www.humanitiesclub.talktalk.net/tudors/Tudor%2 0Web%20Pages/Harvey%20Explorers/index.htm
  •   Barrels were better containers than pottery, but shipwrecks have been found containing amphorae that have been dated between 100 and 200 AD  Barrels were/are popular because they can be easily rolled and stacked  Barrels were/are used throughout the whole wine making process (fermentation – transfer)  The only real material rival that barrels have seen in over 2000 years is the recent development of stainless steel tanks Barrels
  •  Glass Bottles  Originally used for just serving wine  Bottles were originally just used for storage or just pouring wine, because the glass used was not strong enough to transfer without breaking, there was also no real effective way to stop wine spilling out Sourced From: http://taylor.pt/en/what-is-port-wine/history-of-port/vintage/
  •   1800 AD bottles started being used for storage and transport, due to glass being stronger  Cork stoppers were also invented and used around 1800 AD, this also helped with wine storage and transfer  There are many different sizes of glass bottles available and many different shapes and sizes depending on what they hold and where they originate from Glass Bottles
  •  Stainless Steel Tanks  Stainless steel tanks began to be used in the 1950s for wine fermenting, aging and storage  Easier to clean and maintain than barrels Sourced From: http://www.winenetwork.co.nz/buy-and- sell/equipment/1035
  •   Stainless steel tanks are generally much bigger than any other form of container for holding wine  Stainless steel tanks can be used and they will not give off a flavour or a taste that may not be wanted in the wine  Can hold more wine than most other conventional wine storage containers  Can be used for any wine, and any style wanted Stainless Steel Tanks
  •   Wine is easily perishable, so conditions should be maintained, and minimal movement should be used to preserve the wine  Ideal wine temperature should be between 13-16°C  Ideal wine humidity should be 70% Transporting Wine Conditions
  •   Bulk: • ISO tanks – International food grade wine transport • Flexitank – Wine is in a bladder  Pre packaged: • Bottles – Needs package material with it otherwise the glass might break on transport Modern Transport of Wine
  •  ISO Tanks  ISO tanks can hold up to 26,000 litres  International food grade wine transport  Wine needs to be stable before transport to minimise the chance oxidation occurring  Can be used multiple times Sourced From: http://www.innovaindustries.net/inventory/iso-tanks/
  •  Flexitanks  Wine is stored in a bladder inside a container  Designed to only be used once  Can hold up to 24,000L  Some of the parts of the flexitank are recyclable Sourced From: http://www.flexitank.es/es/flexitank.htm
  •  Bottles  Glass can sometimes break during transport of wine bottles  Wine can instantly be sold once it arrives, because it’s already in a bottle  Costs more to ship because it takes up more space Sourced From: http://www.brickpackaging.com/product/38/Wine_Shippers/35/SHP12P KLW/
  •   It is not very likely that storage for wine will change much in the foreseeable future.  Stainless steel tanks and barrels will still be used due to them being very useful and good at what they are used for  Transport of wine will probably evolve and develop much in the future due to it being expensive and it not being that easy to go about Future
  •  A History of Fine Wine Storage. (n.d). Retrieved From: http://www.finewineconcierge.com/a-history-of-fine-wine-storage  Wine in PET Bottles: Will Plastic Replace Glass?. (n.d). Retrieved From: http://www.wineanorak.com/wine_in_pet_bottles.htm  History of Glass Wine Bottles. (n.d). Retrieved From: http://www.wineintro.com/history/glassware/general.html  The History of Wine Part II - Wine Storage - The Early Days. (2009). Retrieved From: http://www.snooth.com/articles/the-history-of-wine-part-ii-wine- storage-the-early-days/?viewall=1  The History of Wine Part III - Wine Storage – Barrels. (2009). Retrieved From: http://www.snooth.com/articles/the-history-of-wine-part-ii-wine-storage- barrels/?viewall=1  A Short History of Wine Bottles. (2009). Retrieved From: http://salutwineco.wordpress.com/2009/04/27/historyofbottles/  The History of French Wine Storage. (2009). Retrieved From: http://www.supplewine.com/articles/wine/the-history-of-french-wine- storage-w20/ References