James Crawford Ethics presentation

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James Crawford Ethics presentation

  1. 1. Leadership & EthicsEthical BehaviorTrustworthiness Respect Responsibility James Crawford James Crawford jcrawford71@cox.net jamescrawford10@skype www.linkedin.com/in/jamesacrawford
  2. 2. What, then, is Ethics?Ethics is two things. First, ethics refers to well-founded standards of right and wrong thatprescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits tosociety, fairness, or specific virtues. Ethics, for example, refers to those standards thatimpose the reasonable obligations to refrain from rape, stealing, murder, assault,slander, and fraud. Ethical standards also include those that enjoin virtues of honesty,compassion, and loyalty. And, ethical standards include standards relating to rights, suchas the right to life, the right to freedom from injury, and the right to privacy. Suchstandards are adequate standards of ethics because they are supported by consistentand well-founded reasons.Secondly, ethics refers to the study and development of ones ethical standards. Asmentioned above, feelings, laws, and social norms can deviate from what is ethical. So itis necessary to constantly examine ones standards to ensure that they are reasonableand well-founded. Ethics also means, then, the continuous effort of studying our ownmoral beliefs and our moral conduct, and striving to ensure that we, and the institutionswe help to shape, live up to standards that are reasonable and solidly-based.Source: http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/whatisethics.html
  3. 3. Ethical Decision Making Framework Ethical Issue Intensity Factors Individual Factors Organizational Organizational Ethics or Unethical Factors Behavior Business Ethics Evaluations and Opportunity IntentionsSource: Ferrell, O., Fraedrich, J. , Ferrell, L. (2008). Business Ethics. Ethical Decision Making and Cases (7 th ed.). Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston.
  4. 4. Ethical Decision Making Individual Organizational Opportunity Factors Factors• Education • Corporate • Immediate• Nationality Culture Job Context• Age • Ethical• Locus of Culture Control • Obedience to AuthoritySource: Ferrell, O., Fraedrich, J. , Ferrell, L. (2008). Business Ethics. Ethical Decision Making and Cases (7thed.). Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston.
  5. 5. Leadership in a Corporate Culture “Leadership, the ability or authority to guide or directothers toward achievement of a goal, has a significant impact on ethical decision making.”Source: Ferrell, O., Fraedrich, J. , Ferrell, L. (2008). Business Ethics. Ethical Decision Making and Cases (7thed.). Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston.
  6. 6. Leadership Traits for Ethical Decision Making Trustworthiness Respect Responsibility Fairness Caring CitizenshipCritical Thinking:Can a leader make ethical decisionswithout these traits? Explain. Source: http://josephsoninstitute.org/MED/index.html
  7. 7. http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/crosscuttings/leadership_values-based.html
  8. 8. Leadership StylesCritical Thinking: Which style is most effective?Least effective? Why?Source: http://www.gp-training.net/training/leadership/results.htm
  9. 9. Source: http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/crosscuttings/shared_values.html#GE%20Values%20Guide
  10. 10. Transactional Leadership vs. Transformational Leadership Spark Question: Can transformational leadership be unethical? Source: http://www.theahriproshop.com/ss.html
  11. 11. 7 Habits of Strong Ethical Leaders1.Ethical leaders have strong personal character.2. Ethical leaders have a passion to do right.3.Ethical leaders are proactive.4.Ethical leaders consider stakeholders interests.5.Ethical leaders are role models for the organizationsvalues.6.Ethical leaders are transparent and actively involved inorganizational decision making.7.Ethical leaders are competent managers who take aholistic view of the films ethical culture.Source: http://www.ar.cc.mn.us/gallop/S08%20Chapter%20Summaries/Chapter%205.pdf
  12. 12. Strong Personal Character Source;http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_y8ag4VGcCHo/Sul0oeAM7zI/AAAAAAAACr8/T9lwZaHmErA/s200/lbj.jpg&imgrefurl=http://mikecorthell.blogspot.com/2009_10_01_archive.html&usg=__JVyp9UGL1o6PdlkqWq1Y_apWGp4=&h=176&w=200&sz=12&hl=en&start=110&zoom=1&tbnid=u5kjzOnsO9NLaM:&tbnh=137&tbnw=159&prev=/images%3Fq%3DEthical%2BLeaders%2Bbefore%2B1960%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1260%26bih%3D632%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C3034&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=371&vpy=204&dur=1859&hovh=140&hovw=160&tx=31&ty=167&ei=pnWATJTMDJH4sAO9tIDXBA&oei=g3WATILWFYr0swPJtNHVBA&esq=7&page=7&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:110&biw=1260& bih=632
  13. 13. Ethical Leaders Passion to do Whats RightSource: http://ethisphere.com/?s=questionnaire
  14. 14. Ethical Leaders are ProactiveSource: http://www.pacrao.org/docs/resources/writersteam/EthicalBehaviorforTodaysWorkplace.pdfhttp://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=839319&show=html
  15. 15. Ethical Leaders Consider Stakeholder Interests Source: http://www.ethicsmanagement.info/content.php?pagina=4&type=0
  16. 16. What An "Ethical Organization" Looks Like Source: http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/publications/comptrollership-dec2003.asp
  17. 17. Challenges Facing Ethical Leaders Corporate Culture Communication Style Organization Direction Decision Making Feedback Mechanisms Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?How-Are-You-Handling-The-Five-Biggest- Challenges-Facing-Managers-and-Business-Owners-Today?&id=285712
  18. 18. Spark Question: How much emphasis does your firm place on CSR?Source: http://www.research-live.com/talk-normal/4001001.bloglead
  19. 19. The world has been utterly transformed in recent years by aphenomenon affecting us all, what we call globalization.Although there was a time when it was possible for citizens ofone country to think of themselves as owing no obligation tothe people of other nations, admittedly that was long ago.Today national borders have less meaning as issues of trade,environment, and health, along with incredible technologicaladvances of the last century, have left us with a legacy ofconnectedness we cannot ignore. Spark Question: Assume you’re the leader of a Transnational Corp. What is your organizations policy for global ethics? Source: http://www.cceia.org/resources/transcripts/164.html
  20. 20. Employee PilferingSource: http://www.stoutsecuritysolutions.com
  21. 21. “Spark” QuestionsThe following practice questions are designed to spark your thinkingabout leadership and ethics. They are intended to inspire you to thinkcreatively about the topic. The goal is that your insights with thesequestions will lead to greater discussions and written papers.1. What is the most significant influence on ethical behavior in your organization?2. Describe the conditions that prohibit or encourage ethical behavior in a firm.3. How does obedience to authority hinder ethical development?4. Are transactional or transformational leaders more equipped to lead an ethical organization?

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