Prokaryotic structures, Eukaryotic Organelles.
   Be able to identify cell    structures and    organelles on a    diagram.   Be able to state the    function of cell ...
   Outer layer which helps a cell adhere to    surfaces, or be slippery to avoid antibodies.   Found in prokaryotes.   ...
   Is a rigid layer surrounding plant, fungi and    prokaryotes.   It protects cell contents, and imparts rigidity    to...
   Separates the interior of all cells from the    outside environment.   It is the gate keeper, it controls what comes ...
   Gel-like substance residing between the cell    membrane holding all the cells internal sub-    structures.   Found i...
   Sites where cells produce proteins at the    direction of DNA.   Are not bound by a membrane.   Are made in the nucl...
   The genetic material of prokaryotic    organisms.   Found only in prokaryotes
   Hair like structure    used for attaching to    solid surfaces, and in    the transfer of DNA    from one cell to    a...
   Movement in external medium.    ◦ Works similar to a propeller on a boat.   Found in prokaryotes and animal cells.
   Non-membrane bound area which contains    genetic material in prokaryotes.   Only in prokaryotic cells.
Golgi Body
   Is a flattened stack of tubular membranes.   Sorting, packaging, processing, and    modification of proteins.   Can ...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes
   Membrane bound organelles which contain    digestive enzymes. The enzyme are    contained to protect the rest of the c...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                    Centriole
   Anchor for cytoskeleton.   Helps in cell division by forming spindle    fibers.   Found in plant, and animal cells.
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                    Centriole                    Endoplasmic Reticulum
   Site of cellular chemical reactions.   Arranged in a series of highly folded    membranes.     • Folds in membranes i...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                    Centriole                    Endoplasmic Reticulum                    Nucleolus
   Located within the nucleus.   It is the site of ribosome production.   Found in plant and animal cells.
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                    Centriole                    Endoplasmic Reticulum                    Nucleolus ...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                 Centriole                                 Endoplasmic Reticulum    ...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                 Centriole                                          ...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                Centriole                                           ...
   Control center of the cell.   Place where DNA is stored and maintained.   DNA is the directions for making proteins....
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                Centriole                                           ...
   Is the power plant of the cell.   Transforms energy from the breaking down of glucose into ATP    (adenosine triphosp...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                CentrioleNuclear Pore                               ...
   Nuclear pores allow the transport of water-    soluble molecules across the nuclear    envelope.   RNA and ribosomes ...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                   CentrioleNuclear Membrane   Nuclear Pore         ...
   Double membrane, separating the contents of    the nucleus (DNA in particular) from the    cytoplasm.   Found in plan...
Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                   Centriole        VesiclesNuclear Membrane   Nucle...
   Materials packaged at the Golgi apparatus are    transported in vesicles.   Storage, transportation, helps maintain  ...
Vacuole           Golgi Body   Lysosomes                                                   Centriole        VesiclesNuclea...
   Membrane bound compartment for temporary    storage – food, enzymes, waste, etc.   Small in animal cells.   Very lar...
Vesicles          Lysosomes   Nucleus       Endoplasmic Reticulum   Cytoplasm                                             ...
Vesicles   Lysosomes   Nucleus   Endoplasmic Reticulum   Cytoplasm                                                        ...
   Site of photosynthesis – using sunlight to    produce energy.   Contains the pigment chlorophyll, which    traps ligh...
Vesicles   Lysosomes   Nucleus   Endoplasmic Reticulum   Cytoplasm                                                        ...
   In plants the cell wall is made up of cellulose.   It helps provide structure and rigidity for the    plant.   It pr...
   Cillia: hair like structures around a cell to    provide motion. In prokaryotes, plants, and    animals.   Cytoskelet...
Remember…All cells have a cell membrane.Prokaryotes have no membrane bound  organelles.Prokaryote DNA is not in a nucleus,...
Any Questions?
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
Cell organelle presentation
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Cell organelle presentation

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Presentation of the various organelles within prokaryotic, animal, and plant cells

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  • Cell organelle presentation

    1. 1. Prokaryotic structures, Eukaryotic Organelles.
    2. 2.  Be able to identify cell structures and organelles on a diagram. Be able to state the function of cell structures and organelles. Know which organelles and structures are specific to prokaryotes, animal and plant cells.
    3. 3.  Outer layer which helps a cell adhere to surfaces, or be slippery to avoid antibodies. Found in prokaryotes. Review: What is an example of a prokaryote?
    4. 4.  Is a rigid layer surrounding plant, fungi and prokaryotes. It protects cell contents, and imparts rigidity to the plant, fungi, etc.Are plants prokaryotic, or eukaryotic?
    5. 5.  Separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment. It is the gate keeper, it controls what comes into and goes out of a cell. Also referred to as a phospholipid bilayer, or the fluid mosaic model. Found in prokaryotes, plants, and animals.Are lipids hydrophobic, or hydrophilic? What does this mean?
    6. 6.  Gel-like substance residing between the cell membrane holding all the cells internal sub- structures. Found in prokaryotes, plants, and animals.
    7. 7.  Sites where cells produce proteins at the direction of DNA. Are not bound by a membrane. Are made in the nucleolus out of RNA and protein. May be free in cytoplasm, or bound to the Endoplasmic Reticulum (plants and animals) Are found in prokaryotes, plants, and animals.
    8. 8.  The genetic material of prokaryotic organisms. Found only in prokaryotes
    9. 9.  Hair like structure used for attaching to solid surfaces, and in the transfer of DNA from one cell to another (bacteria during reproduction). Also used for cell mobility. Found in prokaryotes.
    10. 10.  Movement in external medium. ◦ Works similar to a propeller on a boat. Found in prokaryotes and animal cells.
    11. 11.  Non-membrane bound area which contains genetic material in prokaryotes. Only in prokaryotic cells.
    12. 12. Golgi Body
    13. 13.  Is a flattened stack of tubular membranes. Sorting, packaging, processing, and modification of proteins. Can be thought of as the post office of the cell. It packages proteins into sacs called vesicles, and makes sure they get to where they belong. Found in plant and animal cells.
    14. 14. Golgi Body Lysosomes
    15. 15.  Membrane bound organelles which contain digestive enzymes. The enzyme are contained to protect the rest of the cell. Breakdown of large molecules (e.g., proteins and polysaccharides). Removal worn out parts, food particles, viruses and bacteria. Found in plant and animal cells. Review: What kind of macromolecule is an enzyme?
    16. 16. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole
    17. 17.  Anchor for cytoskeleton. Helps in cell division by forming spindle fibers. Found in plant, and animal cells.
    18. 18. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum
    19. 19.  Site of cellular chemical reactions. Arranged in a series of highly folded membranes. • Folds in membranes increase surface area, which provides more room for chemical reactions to take place. Found in plant and animal cells. Smooth E.R.  Rough E.R. ◦ No ribosomes attached ◦ Has ribosomes attached ◦ Production and storage of ◦ Creates proteins for use lipids inside the cell, and to be sent out of the cell for various jobs. Review: What are the functions of lipids? What is a protein made of?
    20. 20. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum Nucleolus
    21. 21.  Located within the nucleus. It is the site of ribosome production. Found in plant and animal cells.
    22. 22. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum Nucleolus Cytoplasm*
    23. 23. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum NucleolusRibosomes* Cytoplasm
    24. 24. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum NucleolusCell Membrane* Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    25. 25. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum Nucleolus NucleusCell Membrane Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    26. 26.  Control center of the cell. Place where DNA is stored and maintained. DNA is the directions for making proteins. Site of RNA transcription (for making proteins, and duplicating DNA) Contains the nucleolus, which is where ribosomes are made. Found in plant and animal cells.Review: What macromolecule makes up DNA?
    27. 27. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole Endoplasmic Reticulum Mitochondria Nucleolus NucleusCell Membrane Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    28. 28.  Is the power plant of the cell. Transforms energy from the breaking down of glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) which is used for energy by other organelles. Have and outer membrane, and an inner membrane with a lot of folds called cristae. The folds increase the surface area for the storage of more energy- storing molecules. Cells which require more energy have more mitochondria in them. ◦ For example: Muscle cells have more mitochondria than skin cells because they require more energy. Found in plant and animal cells. Review: What type of macromolecule is glucose?
    29. 29. Golgi Body Lysosomes CentrioleNuclear Pore Endoplasmic Reticulum Mitochondria Nucleolus NucleusCell Membrane Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    30. 30.  Nuclear pores allow the transport of water- soluble molecules across the nuclear envelope. RNA and ribosomes move from nucleus to the cytoplasm. Proteins (DNA), carbohydrates and lipids move into the nucleus. Found in plants and animals.
    31. 31. Golgi Body Lysosomes CentrioleNuclear Membrane Nuclear Pore Endoplasmic Reticulum Mitochondria Nucleolus Nucleus Cell Membrane Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    32. 32.  Double membrane, separating the contents of the nucleus (DNA in particular) from the cytoplasm. Found in plants and animals.
    33. 33. Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole VesiclesNuclear Membrane Nuclear Pore Endoplasmic Reticulum Mitochondria Nucleolus Nucleus Cell Membrane Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    34. 34.  Materials packaged at the Golgi apparatus are transported in vesicles. Storage, transportation, helps maintain homeostasis by moving packaged materials to the cell surface for release out of the cell. Found in plants and animals.
    35. 35. Vacuole Golgi Body Lysosomes Centriole VesiclesNuclear Membrane Nuclear Pore Endoplasmic Reticulum Mitochondria Nucleolus Nucleus Cell Membrane Ribosomes Cytoplasm
    36. 36.  Membrane bound compartment for temporary storage – food, enzymes, waste, etc. Small in animal cells. Very large in plant cells where they store water for the plant.
    37. 37. Vesicles Lysosomes Nucleus Endoplasmic Reticulum Cytoplasm Nucleolus Golgi Body Nuclear Membrane RibosomesMitochondria VacuoleCell Membrane All of the organelles pictured are present in animal Cells as well, and have been discussed already.
    38. 38. Vesicles Lysosomes Nucleus Endoplasmic Reticulum Cytoplasm Nucleolus Golgi Body Nuclear MembraneChloroplast Ribosomes Mitochondria VacuoleCell Membrane
    39. 39.  Site of photosynthesis – using sunlight to produce energy. Contains the pigment chlorophyll, which traps light and give leaves their green color. Found mainly in plants, and some protists (mostly unicellular eukaryotes).
    40. 40. Vesicles Lysosomes Nucleus Endoplasmic Reticulum Cytoplasm Nucleolus Golgi Body Nuclear MembraneChloroplast Ribosomes Mitochondria VacuoleCell Membrane Cell Wall*
    41. 41.  In plants the cell wall is made up of cellulose. It helps provide structure and rigidity for the plant. It protects the cells. Found in plants and prokaryotes.
    42. 42.  Cillia: hair like structures around a cell to provide motion. In prokaryotes, plants, and animals. Cytoskeleton: interior scaffolding, plays important roles in both intracellular transport and cellular division. Found in prokaryotes, plants and animals. Thylakoid: Responsible for photosynthesis in protists, and are found inside chloroplasts. They are made of stacks of discs called grana.
    43. 43. Remember…All cells have a cell membrane.Prokaryotes have no membrane bound organelles.Prokaryote DNA is not in a nucleus, and eukaryotic DNA is.Plant cells have chloroplasts, large central vacuoles, and a cell wall; animal cells do not.
    44. 44. Any Questions?
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