學術研究摘要整理
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    學術研究摘要整理 學術研究摘要整理 Document Transcript

    • Guanxi psychological contract
    • Guanxi psychological contract 1
    • 1960 Argyris 1960 psychological work contract Argyris 1960 foreman …. Guanxi 1992 Jacobs, 1979 1948 2000 Janssens, Sels & Brande, 2003 Herriot 2001 2
    • Rousseau 1995 2001 1. 2. 3. 4. 3
    • Guanxi 2000 social tie interpersonal connections Xin & Pearce, 1996 1982 1999 1997 1998 social capital social exchange Butterfield, 1983 Pye, 1982 1988 objective guanxi subjective guanxi 1996 Guanxi base . 4
    • Jacob, 1979 1992 Farth, Earley, & Lin, 1997; Farth, Tsui, Xin, & Cheng, 1998; Ho, 1998; Jacob, 1979; Yang, 1994; Tsui & Farh, 1997; Tsui, Farh, & Xin, 2000 2007 1999 ... 1997 2000 Farh et al., 1998 identity Dunfee & Warren, 2001 1995 1996 Kiong & Kee, 1998 1999 1988 5
    • 1989 1999 non-job related Chan, 1995; Chang and Holt, 1991; Yan, 1996; Yang, 1994 1988 1993 Foa & Foa, 1976 1989 1999 1981 1988 1996 1988 Tedeschi & Riess, 1981 1988 6
    • 1993 2008 Park & Luo, 2001 Standifird & Marshall, 2000 1993 Chan, 1995; Chang & Holt, 1991; Chen & Peng, 2008; Yan, 1996; Yang, 1994 Park & Luo, 2001 2002 Schein 1980 mutuality Davis and Newstrom 1989 Rousseau 1989 belief Rousseau perception 7
    • Levinson, Price, Munder, Mandl and Solley 1962 Morrison 1994 Levinson predictability interdependence psychological distance changeable crisis management Rousseau 1995 1 2 3 4 2004 1 2 promise Rousseau & Parks, 1993 3 individual perception Rousseau & Tijoriwala, 1998 1 2 1999 3 4 5 6 … Robinson, Kraatz, & Rousseau, 1994 MacNeil 1985 transactional contract relational contract Rousseau and Parks 1993 8
    • organiztion-specific skills mutual adjustment 2002 Rousseau 1995 Rousseau and Wade-Benzoni 1994 Rousseau 1995 Tsui, Pearce, Porter, and Tripoli 1997 Hui, Lee, and Rousseau 2004 Hui, Lee, & Rousseau, 2004; Rousseau, 1995 Rousseau 2000 hybrid contract transitional contract ( ) 9
    • 2004 MacNeil 1985 Rousseau 1995 Rousseau 1995 Tsui et al. 1997 Rousseau, 2000 social network informal networks social identity attitudes perceptions behaviors Ho & Levesque, 2005; Rice & Aydin, 1991 Burt, 1992; Ibarra, 1995; Podolny & Baron, 1997 Van Dyne and Ang 1998 Ho, Rousseau, and Levesque 2006 Mitchell, 1969 emic perspective Yeung & Tung, 10
    • 1996 place security trust prescribed role Hammond & Glenn, 2004 1988 1993 Yan, 1996 Chan, Cheng, & Szeto, 2002; Yang, 1994 employment relationship Coyle-Shapiro & Conway 2005 Blau, 1964 MacNeil 1985 Blau 1964 Robinson, Kraatz, & Rousseau, 1994 Millward, 1998 11
    • Chen & Peng, 2008 1994 1989 1990 1991 1988 1985 1999 2002 Chan, 1995; Chang & Holt, 1991; Chen & Peng, 2008; Yan, 1996; Yang, 1994 Park & Luo, 2002 2002 MacNeil, 1985; Rousseau, 1995; Rousseau & Parks, 1993 2004 Robinson & Morrison, 1995; Rousseau, 1995 Hui, Lee, & Rousseau, 2004; Rousseau, 1995; Rousseau & Wade-Benzoni, 1994; Tsui, Pearce, Porter, & Tripoli, 1997 Rousseau, 2000 1988 12
    • 3-1 3-1 1-1 1-2 1 [ ] 1 13
    • 2007 2008 1 2 3 1 2 3 3-1 3-1 1988 1999 2007 3 5 3 3 3 3 6 20 Likert 1 2 3 4 5 3-2 14
    • 3-2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ( ) 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Rousseau 1989 belief 2004 15
    • 1 1 11 11 2 12 15 4 15 Likert 1 2 3 4 5 6 3-3 3-3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 105 95 92 87.6% 1. 16
    • 7 8 14 18 3-4 3-4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 2. 6 7 11 3-5 17
    • 3-5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 97 10 7 97 11 22 670 482 71.9% 44 438 65.3 3-6 18
    • 3-6 % 670 100.0 188 28.1 482 71.9 438 90.9 44 9.1 65.3% 3-7 246 56.16% 192 43.84% 26 34 279 63.7 25 87 19.86 35 72 16.44 264 60.27 138 31.51 36 8.22 216 49.32 189 43.15 33 7.53 7 3 4 19
    • 41.16 4 1 141 32.19 13 126 28.77 35 75 17.12 5 96 21.91 79.43 4 3 141 32.19 37 147 33.56 7 11 96 21.92 11 54 12.32 3-7 N=438 % 192 43.84 246 56.16 25 87 19.86 30.25 26 34 279 63.7 35 72 16.44 36 8.22 264 60.27 138 31.51 189 43.15 33 7.53 216 49.32 1 141 32.19 13 126 28.77 41.16 35 75 17.12 5 96 21.91 3 141 32.19 37 147 33.56 79.43 7 11 96 21.92 11 54 12.32 20
    • 3-2 3-2 1-1 1-1a 1-1b 1-2 1-2a 21
    • 4-1 4.23 0.47 4.05 0.42 3.95 0.52 3.72 0.52 3.70 0.56 3 4-1 4.03 0.91 3.97 1.06 3.66 1.09 3.5 4-1 P 0.05 P 0.01 22
    • 4-1 N 438 3.95 0.52 0.118* 0.186** -0.081 0.278** 0.142** 0.247** 0.259** 4.05 0.42 0.305** 0.183** 0.370** 0.139** 0.109* 0.170** 3.70 0.56 0.210** 0.275** 0.099* 0.193** 0.054 3.72 0.52 0.189** 0.145** 0.017 0.054 4.23 0.47 -0.054 0.050 -0.023 4.03 0.91 0.641** 0.601** 3.97 1.06 0.520** 3.66 1.09 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 2 [ ] 4-2 P 0.05 4-2 N 438 t 0.569 3.97 0.587 3.94 0.478 1.269 4.09 0.423 4.04 0.427 2.119* 3.77 0.531 3.65 0.590 -1.424 3.68 0.560 3.75 0.502 -1.535 4.20 0.497 4.27 0.459 -0.306 4.02 0.883 4.05 0.937 4.04 0.993 3.93 1.112 1.124 3.69 1.106 3.64 1.086 0.485 * P 0.05 2 23
    • 25 26 34 35 4-3 ANOVA P 3 0.05 P 0.01 Scheffe`s method [ ] 4-3 N 438 F Scheffe 25 a 26 34 b 35 c 3.98 3.98 3.83 2.411 0.53 0.52 0.53 4.15 4.07 3.96 * 3.191 0.39 0.42 0.42 3.96 3.71 3.53 ** a bacbc 9.000 0.51 0.58 0.44 3.77 3.77 3.49 ** a c bc 9.375 0.26 0.52 0.59 4.12 4.26 4.22 1.744 0.51 0.46 0.50 4.13 4.09 3.76 ** bc 4.440 0.78 0.85 1.13 4.08 4.08 3.50 9.982** a c bc 0.82 1.01 1.27 3.70 3.72 3.40 2.682 1.19 0.99 1.35 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 3 24
    • 4-4 4-4 N 438 F Scheffe a b c 3.64 3.95 4.03 ** a bac 8.040 0.57 0.50 0.53 3.86 4.07 4.09 * a bac 4.380 0.52 0.40 0.42 3.31 3.77 3.67 ** a bac 11.319 0.63 0.52 0.58 3.60 3.74 3.72 1.030 0.63 0.48 0.57 4.28 4.22 4.27 0.683 0.56 0.47 0.45 3.61 4.01 4.20 ** a c 6.281 1.06 0.94 0.75 3.25 3.98 4.16 ** a bac 10.960 1.38 1.05 0.89 3.52 3.62 3.78 1.341 1.57 1.10 0.89 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 4-5 25
    • P 0.01 4-5 N 438 F Scheffe a b c 3.92 3.61 4.03 a bbc 10.331** 0.55 0.51 0.48 4.07 4.12 4.04 0.581 0.45 0.26 0.42 3.72 3.88 3.66 2.377 0.59 0.56 0.54 3.67 4.02 3.72 a bbc 6.392** 0.59 0.36 0.47 4.31 4.03 4.21 a b 5.640** 0.54 0.46 0.40 3.89 4.63 4.06 a bbc 9.772** 0.98 0.86 0.81 4.02 3.91 3.95 0.305 1.20 1.00 0.93 3.48 4.00 3.77 a bac 5.553** 1.26 0.74 0.94 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 1 13 35 5 4-6 26
    • 13 4-6 N 438 F Scheffe 1 a 13 b 35 c 5 d 4.02 3.86 3.99 3.95 2.291 0.56 0.55 0.44 0.48 4.11 4.13 4.01 3.93 a d 5.362** 0.39 0.43 0.38 0.46 b d 3.72 3.75 3.80 3.53 b d 4.052** 0.57 0.62 0.52 0.45 c d 3.70 3.88 3.65 3.60 b c 5.904** 0.45 0.50 0.61 0.55 b d 4.26 4.27 4.25 4.15 1.538 0.46 0.49 0.51 0.42 4.06 4.03 4.14 3.91 0.908 0.85 0.99 0.84 0.92 4.04 3.88 4.05 3.95 0.675 1.18 1.17 0.96 0.73 3.56 3.63 3.70 3.82 1.113 1.20 1.17 1.03 0.82 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 3 37 7 11 11 4-7 P 0.05 P 0.01 11 27
    • 4-7 N 438 3.92 3.99 3.98 3.87 0.56 0.49 0.50 0.57 4.15 4.05 3.97 4.02 0.43 0.39 0.43 0.44 3.77 3.75 3.70 3.41 0.55 0.53 0.60 0.54 3.74 3.75 3.83 3.40 0.43 0.55 0.45 0.68 4.22 4.22 4.25 4.31 0.47 0.49 0.44 0.50 4.14 4.10 4.01 3.61 0.86 0.78 0.93 1.18 4.14 3.96 4.07 3.43 1.12 0.86 1.00 1.30 3.60 3.78 3.65 3.54 1.19 0.81 1.15 1.36 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 mutiple regression 4-1 4-8 F 5.559 P 0.001 28
    • P 0.05 R2 Adjusted R2 R2 0.037 3.7% 3.7% F 13.405 P 0.001 R2 0.085 8.5% 8.5% 4-8 0.121* 0.216*** 0.112* 0.041 0.140** 0.043 5.559*** 13.405*** F R2 0.037 0.085 Adjusted R2 0.030 0.078 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 *** P 0.001 4-9 VIF F 0.409 29
    • 4-9 0.038 -0.030 F 0.409 R2 0.002 Adjusted R2 -0.003 * P 0.05 ** P 0.01 *** P 0.001 4-10 4-10 1-1a 1-1b 1-2a 30
    • Guanxi 2007 2008 31
    • 1. 2003 2. 2004 3. 2000 4. 1988 239-288 5. 1993 : 6. 1999 30 7-10 7. 2006 - 3 25-48 8. 1989 95-112 9. 1994 10. 1989 213-239 11. 2000 SPSS 12. 2000 13. 1997 14. 2005 23 201-257 15. 2002 16. 2002 18 175-226 17. 2003 18. 2007 21 19. 2007 Guanxi 26 1 47-70 20. 2002 21. 1980 22. 1981 23. 1992 12 143-157 24. 2008 - 25. 1949 57-84 32
    • 26. 1999 12 261-288 27. 1997 7 282-338 28. 1988 5 155-238 29. 1990 28 47-64 30. 1994 31. 1991 32 219-232 32. 2005 33. 2001 10 4 101-128 34. 2004 — 11 2 1-32 35. 2000 36. 1982 345-360 37. 2000 38. 1999 12 291-312 39. 2001 181-198 40. 1948 41. 1988 7-43 42. 2000 181-208 43. 2002 44. 2002 — 21 4 101-127 45. 2006 Guanxi 46. 1997 47. 1998 48. 1999 12 105-179 49. 2001 50. 2000 13 277-316 51. 2005 52. 1993 53. 2002 229-255 54. 1996 55. 1993 33
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