Chapter 65 music in russia-stravinskyPresentation Transcript
Chapter 65Music in RussiaDuring the Silver Age: Igor Stravinsky
The Silver Age• The arts in Russia near the turn of 20 th Century is commonly called the “Silver Age:” – it was a period of changing tastes – a guide to the future. – characterized by: • the absorption of modern developments from Europe. • a reduction in the importance to traditional thinking.• Nationalistic element of earlier Russian composers stays enforced – but directed into archaic or primitive aspects of Russian society .
The Life of Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971)• 1882 - born near St. Petersburg to the family of a musician.• 1905 - begins private study with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov .• 1910 - international attention after the premiere in Paris of the ballet The Firebird.• 1913 - the stormy premiere of the ballet The Rite of Spring places Stravinsky as a leader of musical modernism.• 1914 - leaves Russia and resettles in Switzerland.• 1920s - lives primarily in France and becomes a French citizen.• 1939 - emigrates to the United States, settles in the Los Angeles area.• 1971 - dies in New York, buried in Venice, Italy.
Principal Compositions by Igor Stravinsky• Ballets: 12 ballets including: – The Firebird – Petrushka – The Rite of Spring – Pulcinella• Operas and theater pieces including: – The Nightingale – L’histoire du soldat – Oedipus Rex – The Rake’s Progress• Orchestra: symphonies, tone poems, concertos• Chorus: cantatas, Symphony of Psalms , religious music including a Mass• Songs: include works accompanied by small chamber ensembles• Piano: works include a Sonata and Serenade in A Major• Chamber music : pieces that generally avoid traditional genres
Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballet Russe• Sergei Diaghilev was an influential impresario who transforms taste in Russian music and art in forming the Ballets Russe (Russian Ballet).• This group brings new works to audiences in Paris and other Western capitals.• Leading composer in Diaghilev’s group was Igor Stravinsky, who wrote five ballet scores : – The Firebird (1910) – Petrushka (1911) – The Rite of Spring (1913) – Les Noces (1917) – Pulcinella (1920)
The Rite of Spring• Stravinsky’s harmonies include polychords – dissonant chords made from juxtaposing two familiar though unrelated harmonies .• A work notable for its: – rhythm – use of Russian folk melodies – colorful orchestration – powerful expression of primitive humanity• Rhythmic innovations include: – shifting meters – suppression of regular meter by irregular accents – rhythmic canons
Igor Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring , 1913, Procession of the Sage - The Sage - Dance of the EarthThrough-composed form