Chapter 51 beethoven's late musicPresentation Transcript
Chapter 51 After theCongress of Vienna:Beethoven’s Late Music
Events in Beethoven’s Life During the Late Period• 1814–15 Congress of Vienna brings international attention to Beethoven .• 1815–20 distraction from legal proceedings over the guardianship of nephew Karl.• 1818 deafness requires the use of conversation books .• 1819 Archduke Rudolph appointed archbishop; Beethoven’s begins Missa solemnis.• 1822 Prince Nicolas Galitzin commissions the first of the late quartets.• 1824 premiere of Ninth Symphony and movements from the Missa solemnis .• 1827 Beethoven dies on March 26.
Beethoven’s Principal Music of his Late Period (1814–1826)• Piano Sonatas: Nos. 28–32 (also the Diabelli Variations for piano)• Symphony: No. 9 (with chorus and solo voices)• String Quartets: Nos. 12–16 (also the Great Fugue for string quartet)• Cello Sonatas: Nos. 4–5• Choral: Missa solemnis• Song cycle: An die ferne Geliebte (To the Distant Beloved)
Portrait of Beethoven in 1823This portrait of the aging composerwas made in 1823 by FerdinandGeorg Waldmüller, one ofVienna’s most famous painters atthis time.It was commissioned and paidfor by the music publisherBreitkopf and Härtel.With the Ninth Symphony andMissa solemnis in his head,Beethoven was apparentlyimpatient for the painter tocomplete his work, which may bethe cause of the composer’s scowl.The painting was destroyed duringWorld War II, and it is known nowonly by a photograph.
Beethoven, String Quartet in Bb Major, Op. 130, 1826, movement 5 (“Cavatina”)RoundedBinary form