Emotion drjma


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Emotion drjma

  1. 1. DR. JAMES Malce ALOdrjma 2/15/2013
  2. 2.  arethe various bodily feelings associated with:  Mood – temporary state of mind  Temperament – to behave angrily/emotionally  Personality – characteristics/qualities that form individual’s distinctive character  Disposition –inherent qualities of mind & charact  Motivation – general desire/willingness to do  Hormones –regulatory substance produced> tissues> stimulate specific cells  such as dopamine, nor-adrenaline, and serotonin. drjma 2/15/2013
  3. 3.  Emotions are defined as feeling states with physiological, cognitive, and behavioral components (Carlson & Hatfield, 1992). Strong emotions arouse the autonomic nervous system (Gomez et al, 2005). The greater the arousal the more intense the emotion. It also appears that the type of arousal affects the emotion being experienced. drjma 2/15/2013
  4. 4.  might seem to be about feeling and not about thinking, cognitions-particularly interpretations of the meanings of events--are important aspects of emotions. drjma 2/15/2013
  5. 5.  refers to temporary sensation usually to acknowledge reward usually used to indicate emotional expression, i.e., the external observed expression of emotion. drjma 2/15/2013
  6. 6.  1: The Body – physical structure of a person 2: The Mind- element of a person that enable them to be aware of the world 3: The Culture- cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, valu es, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, and notions. drjma 2/15/2013
  7. 7. drjma 2/15/2013
  8. 8.  Cognitive" versus "non-cognitive" emotions [2] Instinctual emotions (from the amygdala), versus cognitive emotions (from the prefrontal cortex) Universal emotions recognized cross- culturally based on research on identification of facial expressions drjma 2/15/2013
  9. 9. A. + Human Emotions Adequate Stable Assured Able Capable Certain Charmed Cheerful Comfortable Compassion Satisfied Confidence Determined Enthusiastic Excited Sympathy Elation Empathy Excellent Love Glad Good Great Happy Hopeful Joyful Inspired Interested Pleasure Positive Peaceful Pleasant Powerful Pride Surprised Relaxed drjma 2/15/2013
  10. 10. B. (-) Human Emotions Annoyed Anxious Apprehensive Shocked Anger Anxiety Apathy Bored Confused Competitive Depressed Destructive Disgusted Distracted Doubtful Disappointed Stress Exhausted Embarrassment Envy Frustrated Fear Guilty Concerned Grief Panic Hesitant Hostile Ignored Impatient Indifferent Pressured Tired Uncomfortable Uneasy Sad drjma 2/15/2013
  11. 11. 1. Somatic theories2. Cognitive theories3. Situated perspective on emotion4. Neurobiological theories drjma 2/15/2013
  12. 12.  claim that bodily responses, rather than judgments, are essential to emotions.  John Cacioppo, António Damásio, Joseph E. LeDoux and Robert Zajonc who are able to appeal to neurological evidence. drjma 2/15/2013
  13. 13.  William James, in the article "What is an Emotion?", argued that emotional experience is largely due to the experience of bodily changes. Carl Lange also proposed a similar theory at around the same time, so this position is known as the James–Lange theory. drjma 2/15/2013
  14. 14.  Lazarus theory is very influential; emotion is a disturbance that occurs in the following order: 1.) Cognitive appraisal—The individual assesses the event cognitively, which cues the emotion. 2.) Physiological changes—The cognitive reaction starts biological changes such as increased heart rate or pituitary adrenal response. 3.) Action—The individual feels the emotion and chooses how to react. drjma 2/15/2013
  15. 15. For example: Jenny sees a snake.1.) Jenny cognitively assesses the snake in her presence, which triggers fear.2.) Her heart begins to race faster. Adrenaline pumps through her blood stream.3.) Jenny screams and runs away drjma 2/15/2013
  16. 16.  emotions are about something or have intentionality that the quality and intensity of emotions are controlled through cognitive processes. These processes underline coping strategies that form the emotional reaction by altering the relationship between the person and the environment. drjma 2/15/2013
  17. 17.  arguing that bodily responses are central to emotions, yet it emphasizes the meaningfulness of emotions or the idea that emotions are about something perceive. bodily changes themselves perceive the meaningful content of the emotion because of being causally triggered by certain situations. drjma 2/15/2013
  18. 18.  suggeststhat emotions are influenced and caused by events which in turn influence attitudes and behaviors drjma 2/15/2013
  19. 19.  argued that the emotion arises first and then stimulates typical behavior. drjma 2/15/2013
  20. 20.  Singer–Schachter theory the combination of the appraisal of the situation (cognitive) and the participants reception of adrenaline or a placebo together determined the response. drjma 2/15/2013
  21. 21.  Emotions are identified with the overall process whereby low-level cognitive appraisals, in particular the processing of relevance, trigger bodily reactions, behaviors, feelings, and actions. regards emotions more broadly as the synchronization of many different bodily and cognitive components. drjma 2/15/2013
  22. 22.  Situationist perspective on emotion views emotion as the product of an organism investigating its environment, and observing the responses of other organisms. drjma 2/15/2013
  23. 23.  Basedon discoveries made through neural mapping of the limbic system, the neurobiological explanation of human emotion is that emotion is a pleasant or unpleasant mental state organized in the limbic system of the mammalian brain drjma 2/15/2013
  24. 24. Limbic system –responsible for controlling various functions in the body. Structures of this system include the hippocampus, hypothalamus, and thalamus  Fig. drjma 2/15/2013
  25. 25. Components of successful emotional coping:1) Awareness of the situations that trigger stress;2) Recognition of developing stress;3) Availability/access to and use of coping strategies. drjma 2/15/2013
  26. 26.  Display Rules  When, where, and how emotions are to be expressed or when they should be squelched. Body Language  The nonverbal signals of body movement, posture and gaze that people constantly express. Emotion Work  Acting out an emotion we do not feel or trying to create the right emotion for the occasion. drjma 2/15/2013
  27. 27. ―All emotions are pure which gather you And lift you up; that emotion is Impure which seizes only one side Of your being and distorts you.‖ - Rainer Maria Rilke drjma 2/15/2013
  28. 28. drjma 2/15/2013