ATLAS presentation 2008


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James Kennell's presentation 'symbolic violence by the seaside' given at the 2008 ATLAS conference in Brighton, UK

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  • ATLAS presentation 2008

    1. 1. Symbolic violence by the sea-side A study of cultural regeneration in Folkestone, UK James Kennell [email_address]
    2. 2. Cultural regeneration by the seaside
    3. 3. Research background <ul><li>Cultural regeneration literature focuses almost exclusively on inland urban centres </li></ul><ul><li>Walton (2000) - the British Seaside embodies a very democratic form of cultural capital </li></ul><ul><li>Zukin (1995) critiques cultural development that does not seek to affect the unequal distribution of capital, actual and symbolic </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of research into community impacts of cultural regeneration compared to other forms of regeneration </li></ul>
    4. 4. Folkestone, Kent
    5. 5. Folkestone
    6. 7. The creative quarter
    7. 9. The Communities of Folkestone <ul><li>Spatial Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Central </li></ul><ul><li>East / West Folkestone </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Fringe </li></ul><ul><li>Cheriton / Sandgate </li></ul><ul><li>Harbour </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesion issues </li></ul><ul><li>Extremes of age in the population </li></ul><ul><li>Housing disparity </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Incoming’ residents </li></ul><ul><li>Skills / Opportunities gap </li></ul>“ 180 degree community” (resident and artist)
    8. 10. Research participants <ul><li>Kent County Council </li></ul><ul><li>Shepway District Council </li></ul><ul><li>Folkestone Town Council </li></ul><ul><li>GoFolkestone </li></ul><ul><li>Community Action South East </li></ul><ul><li>Folkestone Artists Cooperative </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Community arts company (13 yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Two galleries </li></ul><ul><li>Artists working within the creative quarter </li></ul>
    9. 11. Interviewees views… <ul><li>Frequently described </li></ul><ul><li>Health Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Pride </li></ul><ul><li>Public realm improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Taking responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Attract people to the area </li></ul><ul><li>Good for Young People </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely described </li></ul><ul><li>Community benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly people </li></ul>
    10. 12. Key findings (capital) <ul><li>Social capital benefits of mass-participation projects may be negated by exclusionary operation of cultural capital within the regeneration scheme </li></ul><ul><li>An artistic community is growing, characterised in part by strong bonds within the community and a lack of bridging capital – this needs to be considered as a growing factor </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for arts practice to influence community cohesion not generally recognised, but possible effects on individuals seem well understood locally </li></ul>
    11. 13. All my friends are artists which is really rare because we’re in Folkestone and how can that be? I don’t know if people see them [strange cargo] as art….it would be so nice if that how it was in general rather than people thinking its tricky…not for them Artist Artist
    12. 14. We’ve got a lot of charity shops, a lot of pounds shops, what does that tell us about the people? They’re not going to go out and suddenly start buying the art, they will listen to a jazz band, they will watch a bit of street entertainment and things like that [the arts are] always looked upon as being elitist and high falluting and I think there’s still a lot to be done to break down those barriers Local Authority officer Councillor
    13. 15. Key findings cont… <ul><li>Gentrification is a celebrated aim of the scheme, but displacement is not being addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector flight </li></ul>
    14. 16. Community cohesion: Conclusions <ul><li>Symbolic violence (Bourdieu) is being operationalised through rapid gentrification and displacement, re-branding and the restructuring of the local economy – this is openly accepted and celebrated by many of those involved, BUT… </li></ul><ul><li>There is no LA strategy for managing community cohesion issues around the regeneration zone, despite a statutory requirement for all public sector projects to be assessed in this manner. </li></ul>
    15. 17. Conclusion: Building local knowledge into strategy <ul><li>Increase public sector oversight using statutory powers </li></ul><ul><li>Increase knowledge sharing between CD and CA </li></ul><ul><li>Joint working between arts and community divisions of the LA </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from mass-participatory projects </li></ul>
    16. 18. James Kennell Senior Lecturer in Tourism and Regeneration University of Greenwich [email_address] +44 (0)20 8331 9053 James Kennell [email_address]