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ATLAS presentation 2008


James Kennell's presentation 'symbolic violence by the seaside' given at the 2008 ATLAS conference in Brighton, UK

James Kennell's presentation 'symbolic violence by the seaside' given at the 2008 ATLAS conference in Brighton, UK

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  • 1. Symbolic violence by the sea-side A study of cultural regeneration in Folkestone, UK James Kennell [email_address]
  • 2. Cultural regeneration by the seaside
  • 3. Research background
    • Cultural regeneration literature focuses almost exclusively on inland urban centres
    • Walton (2000) - the British Seaside embodies a very democratic form of cultural capital
    • Zukin (1995) critiques cultural development that does not seek to affect the unequal distribution of capital, actual and symbolic
    • Lack of research into community impacts of cultural regeneration compared to other forms of regeneration
  • 4. Folkestone, Kent
  • 5. Folkestone
  • 6.  
  • 7. The creative quarter
  • 8.  
  • 9. The Communities of Folkestone
    • Spatial Analysis
    • Central
    • East / West Folkestone
    • Rural Fringe
    • Cheriton / Sandgate
    • Harbour
    • Cohesion issues
    • Extremes of age in the population
    • Housing disparity
    • Transport
    • ‘ Incoming’ residents
    • Skills / Opportunities gap
    “ 180 degree community” (resident and artist)
  • 10. Research participants
    • Kent County Council
    • Shepway District Council
    • Folkestone Town Council
    • GoFolkestone
    • Community Action South East
    • Folkestone Artists Cooperative
    • Creative Foundation
    • Community arts company (13 yrs)
    • Two galleries
    • Artists working within the creative quarter
  • 11. Interviewees views…
    • Frequently described
    • Health Benefits
    • Pride
    • Public realm improvements
    • Taking responsibility
    • Reduction in vandalism
    • Attract people to the area
    • Good for Young People
    • Rarely described
    • Community benefits
    • Elderly people
  • 12. Key findings (capital)
    • Social capital benefits of mass-participation projects may be negated by exclusionary operation of cultural capital within the regeneration scheme
    • An artistic community is growing, characterised in part by strong bonds within the community and a lack of bridging capital – this needs to be considered as a growing factor
    • Potential for arts practice to influence community cohesion not generally recognised, but possible effects on individuals seem well understood locally
  • 13. All my friends are artists which is really rare because we’re in Folkestone and how can that be? I don’t know if people see them [strange cargo] as art….it would be so nice if that how it was in general rather than people thinking its tricky…not for them Artist Artist
  • 14. We’ve got a lot of charity shops, a lot of pounds shops, what does that tell us about the people? They’re not going to go out and suddenly start buying the art, they will listen to a jazz band, they will watch a bit of street entertainment and things like that [the arts are] always looked upon as being elitist and high falluting and I think there’s still a lot to be done to break down those barriers Local Authority officer Councillor
  • 15. Key findings cont…
    • Gentrification is a celebrated aim of the scheme, but displacement is not being addressed
    • Public sector flight
  • 16. Community cohesion: Conclusions
    • Symbolic violence (Bourdieu) is being operationalised through rapid gentrification and displacement, re-branding and the restructuring of the local economy – this is openly accepted and celebrated by many of those involved, BUT…
    • There is no LA strategy for managing community cohesion issues around the regeneration zone, despite a statutory requirement for all public sector projects to be assessed in this manner.
  • 17. Conclusion: Building local knowledge into strategy
    • Increase public sector oversight using statutory powers
    • Increase knowledge sharing between CD and CA
    • Joint working between arts and community divisions of the LA
    • Learn from mass-participatory projects
  • 18. James Kennell Senior Lecturer in Tourism and Regeneration University of Greenwich [email_address] +44 (0)20 8331 9053 http://www.gre.ac.uk/schools/business/departments/mktg/tourism-management James Kennell [email_address]